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Trans-Fee Mining: Investigating FCOIN and The Future

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Trans-fee mining’ is a concept utilised by a growing number of projects and exchanges which has not received much in the way of critical attention recently from either mainstream financial or specialist cryptocurrency publications.

The Fall of F-Coin?

Thanks to a company called FCOIN, most of the news which has appeared has been negative. Statistical information regarding the exchange can be found at popular aggregate ranking website CoinMarketCap.

Despite positive coverage earlier this year from the likes of Forbes’ Andrew Rossow, David Hundeyin of our sister site CCN.com wrote more recently that the exchange had been “Accused of Crippling Ethereum Network for Cheap Publicity” with a supposed aim of gaining publicity.

These pundits are joined by community members such as Reddit poster u/ltcisking (along with a large amount of other concurring, Google-topping results), who recently wrote a post aimed at proving such allegations, entitled ‘One of the biggest scams to ever hit Crypto’.

Twitter has also seen its fair share of investor complaints as well, including the following…

As well as the replies to this post,

What is Trans-Fee Mining?

Due to the unusual circumstances in which the ‘trans-fee mining’ sits (being supported by a number of independent projects despite the reputation of FCOIN): it is a difficult methodology to describe.

It builds upon the concept of the ‘exchange token’: which is most often associated with coins such as BNB (Binance Coin), which can be used for staking towards a particular crypto in the exchanges ‘community coin of the month’ program.

The original FCOIN implementation appeared to build upon this vision at first. The token’s value is derived from the fact that it has a stable value, and that it can be used on-platform (like BNB) as a means of purchasing other tokens whilst offering regular returns on investment for long-term holders of the token.

What is FCOIN Doing Now?

FCOIN has issued various statements which appear to support the sentiment behind the claims which they have faced. These include a recent August 14th post, with the telling title ‘FCoin community referendum end and recent plan publicity’.

Highlights of the piece include new objectives such as

“1.Complete and publicize the destruction of the remaining unissued FT.
“2. Complete the delivery of all FT warrants and withdraw the FT warrants from the market…
“4. As of the end of the referendum, the previous trans-fee refund will remain unchanged (based on the price of the FT related trading pairs before the suspension), and then, all the trans-fee refund will be stopped (including all return plans based on FT issuance).
“5. We plan to establish an FCoin mechanism and an announcement cleanup team. The team untied and improved the current FCoin mechanisms and standardized the release of various mechanisms in the future, and made a unified interpretation.”

At best, this may be an admission of fault, and at worst: an ambiguous and uninformative piece of messaging which fails to outline the situation with a strong brand or executive voice.

This comes in addition to a couple of announcements regarding ‘compensation planning’ with regards to investors who had “participated” in the fundraising of the ‘GU’ and ‘QOS’ tokens through their service.

The latter included the assurance that this process “compensation plan is an initiative taken by the platform to protect the interests of community user” concluded with the damning statement that:

“The FCoin platform has informed the QOS project parties and urged them to conduct self-examination of market price fluctuations and recent media reports as soon as possible. It is not excluded to take delisting and other related measures. The specific plan will be subject to the subsequent announcement. During this period, QOS will be temporarily suspended.”

Torch-bearers of Trans-Fee Mining?

Various claims of discrepancy against FCOIN’s actions as a company however, have not discouraged many projects which are attempting to build their own version of trans-fee mining. Whether or not they have been inspired by the short-lived success of FCOIN’s implementation is yet to be confirmed!

One of the most recent organisations which has decided to foray into this difficult and all-but-controversial territory is BitMart, an exchange founded by current CEO Sheldon Xia. Their approach is branded ‘Mission X’, and utilises their proprietary ‘BMX’ token.

“All transaction fees from the BMX market will go directly to the users who supported the project. In addition, successful projects will enter BitMart’s main trading markets.

“This program gives users the ability to decide which projects they want to be listed on the exchange, creating a self-regulated market.”

The platform piqued this writer’s attention upon noticing a disparity between public consensus and professional news coverage. Whilst the latter has published next to nothing with regards to the platform, a quick search of social media and communities such as forums seem to illustrate a positive and transparent image.

CoinEx was recently reported to have achieved unprecedented growth following the release of their token – however, like FCOIN have been called out for discrepancies. This time regarding the faking of volume metrics.

Final Thoughts

It appears that trans-fee mining as a concept is a long-way from earning this writer’s confidence, however it must be noted that there are many promising aspects. Time will tell whether talent will shine through or if trans-fee mining will fade out at the hands of opportunists.

What is important to note is that it is not the technology or idea, but the hands that are operating the machine incorporating it.

This writer cannot directly recommend the concept in its current state, but believes that the original idea is solid and if implemented in a viable way: would thoroughly warrant the full attention of any potential investor.

Until then, watch the community and keep an eye on the media – as well as word-of-mouth as this flawed-yet-promising idea is if nothing else, highly interesting!

Featured image courtesy of Shutterstock.

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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“The Core of Any Blockchain Project is Decentralization” – Jack Zhang, Lightning Bitcoin

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Lightning Bitcoin is a fork of the ‘first-crypto-currency’ Bitcoin about which we decided to take the opportunity recently to speak to advisor Jack Zhang (AKA DianfuDatou / 点付大头 – known best as a Founder of Chainfunder and DAF).

Discussion topics include: what makes this project unique, as well as how you shouldn’t get it confused is not to be confused with the Lightning Network upgrade which is being applied to the original ‘Bitcoin’.

Who is Jack Zhang

Jack Zhang (AKA DianfuDatou / 点付大头) is a Chinese investor, business leader, and entrepreneur whose “portfolio includes XRP, XEM, IOTA, NEO, EOS, TEZOS, VEN”.

Zhang proudly describes himself as “one of the leading advocators of Ripple in China” having “translated Ripple into Chinese as ‘ruibobi’” – as well as the co-founder of NEO. Please note that most sources ascribe this latter achievement regarding NEO to an ‘Erik Zhang’ and so this claim requires further confirmation – however this writer sees no reason for him to lie in this respect.

He claims that his first experience with cryptocurrency was in 2011, when he entered the industry himself having previously worked as an investment banker at companies such as Zhejiang investment bank.

“I bought more than 10 thousand bitcoins at the price of 5 dollars and sold all of them out at the price of 7 dollars. At that time, I remember how I was reading posts on Bitcointalk about blockchain for several months and got fascinated by the genius design of the technology.”

Zhang says that the Lightning Bitcoin team members “come from a diverse cultural background, including China, the United States, Canada, the UK, Russia, Germany, and India.” And that:

“Currently Lightning Bitcoin has four core developers (listed on the website) with a team of 6 specialists. Eason Zhao is a CTO and H.H.Wang is a leading developer.

“Lightning Bitcoin also has an operational team of 8 outstanding and hardworking people managed by Wasley together with a community manager James Vuitton… We have independent leaders for each directions of the business;”

What is Lightning Bitcoin?

According to Zhang, Lightning Bitcoin is “a coin that takes the best from existing blockchain titans and adds advanced consensus mechanism.”

“Lightning Bitcoin forked from Bitcoin blockchain at block height 499,999… Lightning Bitcoin (LBTC) is a fully decentralized Internet-of-value protocol for global payments.

“The specific applications include peer-to-peer transactions and exchange platforms. Any users that operate on the LBTC protocol can enjoy instant, secure and nearly free global financial transactions of any size.”

Lightning Bitcoin is far from the first (nor will it be the last) fork from Bitcoin. A number of observers have claimed that the correlation between new forks and over inflation of Bitcoin. Jack Zhang however sees it as follows…

“Back in 2017, Bitcoin blockchain started to face network congestions, and a lot of other problems, that is one of the reasons why there were so many hard forks popping up. However, all of them changed either size or difficulty adjustment, what in my opinion did not improve the situation. That is a consensus that makes the difference. Pow and PoS are easily centralized, while DPoS represents true decentralization. Moreover, DPoS has the benefit of high efficiency, with little resource consumption.”

This mechanism utilises the relatively young Distributed Proof of Stake (DPoS) protocol which this writer has written about in a recent article, despite its basis upon the Proof of Work (PoW)-based ‘Bitcoin’.

Zhang states that Distributed Proof of Stake “allows separation of the voting power and block production, with no risks of a hard fork.” In fact, the aftermath of the announcement of DPoS adoption coincided with the company taking on another of its advisors “Stan Larimer a founding partner of Bitshares… we found mutual interests, as a result Stan joined Lightning Bitcoin advisory board.”

“Lightning Bitcoin uses DPoS, with the forging interval of 3 seconds, and the block size of 2M. We have achieved the TPS of thousands of transactions.

“Anyone can use LBTC, without censorship. The transaction fees are charged only for preventing network security issues, like DDoS attacks. It is not an off-chain solution on top of the Bitcoin blockchain as Lightning Network. I personally believe that Lightning Network will face the problem of centralization eventually.”

Furthermore,

“Lightning Bitcoin’s on-chain governance system enables LBTC holders to vote for the blockchain improvement proposals and the delegates who maintain the network as Lightning Nodes. It solves the problems of centralization of bitcoin by incorporating all participants in the Lightning Bitcoin ecosystem into the decision-making process.”

Lightning Bitcoin vs Lightning Network

Due to the similarities in naming, it seems natural that there may be a little confusion on behalf of the public and crypto-investment community with regards to the differences between ‘Lightning Bitcoin’ and ‘Lightning Network’.

“There is some confusion, you are correct.

When Lightning Bitcoin forked in December 2017, for Lightning Network it was still unclear when it is going to be launched, since it was still at the internal testing stage; only after four months later, in March 2018 when Lightning Network released its beta, both projects started to be confused by users in some countries.”

This, according to Zhang, is actually a problem more specific / limited to region,

“In other countries, like China, lightning network is not that well-known, as well as it has different Chinese name, that gives us more room for the development in Asia.”

Present and Future of LBTC

“Currently, Lightning Bitcoin network is stable, we constantly improving its functions and adding more products.

“The next big step for LBTC that we are working on right now is the development of on-chain governance, that will allow the network to self-improve and self-upgrade.

“In the future, stable upgrades of Lightning Bitcoin network in combination with chain governance, and decentralized transactions will allow cross-chain flashovers and smart contracts… the exploration of the on-chain governance model will become one of the most important tasks in the current stage of LBTC.”

Zhang continues to discuss the future for the coin in-detail as well, including that:

“In short, after complete integration of on-chain governance, next milestone is the development of new decentralized exchange. It will be an important component of the LBTC payment function.

“This exchange will have both basic functionality such as flashovers function of the gateway, as well as a system to guarantee the ease of cross-chain operations. Additionally, it will have the function of early crowdfunding of project under the necessary supervision.”

Finally,

“After implementing and perfecting the decentralized exchange, the development of intelligent contracts based on the UTXO model will be carried out, and a high-concurrence-based public chain ecosystem will be established to guide the flow of DAPP traffic.”

Featured image courtesy of Shutterstock. 

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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Encrypgen Offers A Low Risk, High Reward Opportunity

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Since the start of the year, crypto valuations have been collapsing faster than Kevin Spacey’s career.  For investors who entered the market a few years ago, it’s been painful but not deadly.  For those who entered the market at or near the highs, this bear market may have turned them off of crypto for a very long time.  However, one bright side of the current market is that some incredible values exist.  And one day these compelling values are going to make today’s investors boatloads of money.  While I’m keeping my eyes on several tokens, perhaps the most exciting crypto company is Encrypgen (DNA).

Investors love to claim that projects they are following or investing in are the most likely to succeed.  But despite the bear market, many coin price collapses have been the fault of the companies themselves.  Many companies have missed their own deadlines and/or adjusted the roadmaps to something less ambitious.  Encrypgen has done just the opposite.  They are meeting their deadlines and are on the verge of releasing a revolutionary platform in the field of blockchain genomics.

It’s well known that small cap healthcare/biotech stocks have the potential of generating the highest returns in the equity markets.  Of course, those high returns come with astronomical risk.  So what if I told you that Encrypgen could generate those kind of returns with only a fraction of the risk that typically comes with start-up science companies?  Well, I fully expect Encrypgen to do just that.

I mentioned the risk is only a fraction typically associated with these types of companies because at some point in the 4th quarter (probably much sooner rather than later), Encrypgen will release the full working version of the Gene-Chain.  The beta version is already live.  The Gene-Chain will allow researchers and scientists to purchase data directly from consumers using Encrypgen’s token, DNA.

In addition, a buy-now feature will be implemented in the platform.  This is expected imminently.  This game-changing functionality will allow researchers to convert FIAT to DNA tokens directly on the Gene-Chain.  Researchers will receive DNA tokens and Encrypgen will receive funds that will be converted to BTC so that the company can continue to operate, expand, and enhance their product offerings.

Anther reason why I consider the risk to be much lower than usual is that the company has already done a tremendous job of navigating the complicated regulatory hurdles.  Because of the sensitive nature of the information being uploaded to the Gene-Chain (consumer genetic data), it certainly is necessary for regulation to exist.  Nevertheless, Encrypgen has already dealt with that while other competitors, such as Nebula Genomics, Shivom and LunaDNA, are significantly behind.  I always prefer to invest my hard earned money in market leaders rather than followers.  And there is no question that Encrypgen is the current leader in this space.

Investors should also take note that Encrypgen currently has an ICO cap of approximately $3.1 million.  Based on some of the other valuations I’ve seen in the crypto space, that is a significant undervaluation.  A $3.1 million valuation for a market leader in one of the fastest growing spaces that is about to release game changing technology doesn’t make much sense to me.  I am expecting a sharp and rapid increase once the Gene-Chain is being used by researchers.  The opportunity to accumulate at these prices won’t exist for much longer.

Featured image courtesy of Shutterstock.

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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What You Should Know About IPOs

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By Dmitriy Gurkovskiy, Chief Analyst at RoboMarkets

 

IPO means initial public offering. Any company that wants to grow its business must decide on its financing method, sooner or later. There are a few options to do that. The first one is taking a loan in a bank. The second one is finding an investor that would give some funds upon their own conditions. Finally, another method is finding multiple investors that would finance the company, which in exchange would require making the business and financial information of the company public. This is exactly what is called an IPO.

In fact, the company sells a part of it as shares in a stock exchange, and the more investors buy shares, the more funds can be raised. The shareholders will then be able to get dividends, i.e. a fraction of the company’s profit. Not all companies are, however, ready for this: for example, Facebook does not pay dividends, the only source of income for investors being rising share prices. Some companies cannot afford not paying dividends, as it may become less attractive for investment. Apple, on the contrary, pays the highest dividends in the world: in the first half of 2018 shareholders got $13.22 billionin dividends. Facebook will start making dividend payments, too, but obviously when the price is going down and there are no other ways to support it.

Thus, investors have two options to earn money here: with the price going up (to capitalize on this, the company in question must be fast-growing and have very good potential) and with dividends. Ideally, an investor should leverage both options whenever possible.

In order to run an IPO, the company must find an expert who will be able to raise as much funds as possible. Of course, it may act on its own, but in this case chances are that the funds raised will not be even enough to cover the IPO running costs. The professionals that run IPOs are called underwriters, and are usually banks and/or insurance companies.

How Do Underwriters Earn?

Underwriters finance IPOs and get shares at a price that is considerably lower than IPO. This is how they earn. To make more money, underwriters will make every effort for the IPO to be successful and attract as many investors as possible. Many of them run road shows, i.e. ad campaigns for attracting investors.

Road shows include meetings with potential investors and analysts in countries with key financial centers, such as the UK, Germany, the US, or China. Before that, a presentation on the company’s business, financial background, and outlook is created. The company’s management then comes to visit potential investors where they show this presentation. Media and press coverage of the upcoming IPO is also very important, as it helps drive more attention to the company once it get listed on an exchange.

During road shows, large-scale investors can buy shares even before the IPO. Underwriters accept such bids, but often with a high entry only, like a few millions of dollars. If you have just a few dozens of thousands, you are unlikely to be able to buy shares directly from the underwriter. However, there are tricks that may allow you to take part in the IPO even before the latter actually occurs.

As mentioned above, road shows are often covered in media in order to increasedemand. During such campaigns, some intermediary companies form a pool consisting of may lesser bids and send the overall bid to the underwriter. In theory, this works fine, but in practice underwriters seldom answer such bids.

The first thing you need to pay attention to before the company’s IPO is the underwriter: the more famous and trusted it is, the more likely the IPO will be successful.

If the company itself is a promising one, underwriters will be competing for the right to run its IPO, and the company will have a chance to choose from a list of very reputable underwriters, such as Morgan Stanley, Citigroup, or Goldman Sachs. Choosing two or more underwriters at a time is also possible.

The results of the road show determine the share price, and it is quite important not to make this price too high at the start. This very thing happened to Facebook, whose underwriter was Morgan Stanley. Interest in Facebook’s IPO was extremely high, and while the starting price was first set at $17, Morgan Stanley decided to make it higher a few weeks before the event, as well as to increase the number of shares issued (out of mere greed), which then led to the share price falling on IPO day. Overall, Facebooklost 21% during the first week.

After the company finds its underwriter, it also has to determine which exchange to use for the IPO. Again, if its a promising company, the exchanges will be competing for it, too, as more successful public companies mean more liquidity, volume, and commission earnings.

When the exchange is found, too, the very trading process finally starts. On the first trading day, increased volatility is a common thing. In order to maintain high interest towards the IPO, underwriters tend to a bit underrate the shares, so that the price may go up at the moment of the IPO.

During the IPO,  insiders, i.e. those early buyers who got shares before they went to the public, may not sell any shares; you can’t earn anything by going short, too, as during the IPO short positions without coverage are forbidden. This way, the traders may either buy shares or do nothing.

The period during which insiders are not allowed to sell shares is called lockup and lasts from 90 to 180 days. The exact time line is determined by the company, and the terms are negotiable. This is all very important for the company, as shortly after the IPO a very low fraction of shares is sold out, while the major stake is held by those who but them before the IPO; if they sell at once, the supply may increase a few times, which could lead to a sharp price decrease and panic among investors.

The lockup is lifted gradually, where the shareholders may start selling their shares in order to stimulate volumes, which leads to temporary falls by 1% or 2%. Lockup dates and time lines are detailed in the S1 online form which is sent to the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) every day.

Those who want to capitalize on the IPO on the same day have to pay attention to some factors that will show whether such IPO will be successful. Remember: no short positions during the IPO, so if you want to trade, you will have to buy.

The first thing you must pay attention to, whether you are investing in the short term or in the long term, is the underwriter: the more famous and popular it is, the more likely that shares will go up after the IPO.

The second thing is the percentage of shares offered during the IPO. If it is too large, this may influence the share prices negatively, especially considering that those who bought shares before the IPO will be also selling them at some point. Conversely, small percentage usually makes the price go up, although you should pay attention to a number of factors, not just this one.

Third, there is a price range defined before the IPO: the wider it is, the more in-demand will be the shares once trading starts. Then, you should watch the open price: if it is near the high of the range or goes even beyond, this will show the demand is quite high, and may lead to the price rise both intraday and in the midterm, when the lockup period is over.

However, there are volatility risks, too: when the price opens higher than the pre-defined range, the price rise may last for a very short time, after which the price will return within the range again. After this happens, a good support level may form, which may later be used as an entry point. Conversely, if the price opens lower than the range, this means the demand is low, and the shares may lose even more going forward.

The number of employees is quite important, too. Some IPOs are run with three employees in the company; of course, this is dangerous: they just want to raise funds, and don’t care about what will happen next. This has happened in cryptocurrencies lately, where each one with appropriate skills and equity was able to create their own crypto and start trading it.

IPO Explained: Opera Limited

Opera Limited, the owner of the famous Opera web browser, ran its IPO on June 27, 2018.

  • 6M of shares were offered after the IPO, while 60M went to some retail investors before; thus, over 15% of shares went to the market.
  • The number of employees in the company exceeds 800 people.
  • There were two underwriters: Citigroup and China International Capital Corporation Limited, one of the leading investment firms in China.
  • The range was between $10 and $12.

Upon the market opening, the price exceeded the range by nearly 15%, making it $14.33, while at some point it even went to $15.50 and above. This shows investors are highly interested in the company, which is a good signal for long term investmemt. With high volatility pressure, the price went below $12.00, but then got support and went up again.

Currently, Opera shares are trading withing the range set up before the IPO. Once the lockup is over and $12 gets broken out, the price may start uptrending steadily.

opera IPO

In the midterm, there is only one risk for Opera shares: the trade war between the US and China, which may lead to a massive fall in the stock market, and in Opera Limited shares in particular. Many analysts say trade war issue may get escalated this fall, so such risks should be taken into account at once.

Disclaimer

Any predictions contained herein are based on the authors’ particular opinion. This analysis shall not be treated as trading advice. RoboMarkets shall not be held liable for the results of the trades arising from relying upon trading recommendations and reviews contained herein.

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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4.6 stars on average, based on 15 rated postsHaving majored in both Social Psychology and Economics, I went on to continue my education in post graduate. Later I worked as a team lead of a tech and fundamental analysis lab in the Applied System Analysis Research Institute. This helped me to acquire all necessary skills and experience to become a successful trader and analyst, as well as a portfolio manager in an investment company. I'm a pro in the financial field and the author of articles for various international media. I also hold the position of Chief Analyst at RoboMarkets.




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