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Quick How-To: Hack Bios Passwords on your Computer

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hack bios password errorWhether you forget your password or the used laptop you bought online shipped with a locked BIOS, hacking the password is easy enough. If physical access is unlimited, the process is similar to replacing a watch battery. If taking apart your machine is outside your comfort zone or otherwise infeasible there is a software option.

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Most laptop vendors store a checksum of your password in the machine’s FlashROM – a chip that resides on your computer’s motherboard. When an incorrect password is entered three times a ‘System Disabled” message with what appears to be an error code. This counterfeit error code is actually a salted checksum of the BIOS password. Each BIOS vendor has their own salt but the process of cracking the password is basically the same and takes less than 100 lines of Python.

Security Blogger Dogbert provides a library of scripts that hack BIOS passwords for a majority of laptop vendors. Anyone running them will need Python 2.6 or can run packaged Window’s binaries. The scripts are basically brute force dictionary attacks that compute a hash using the vendor’s master salt or serial number. The computed hash is compared to the checksum you received after passing incorrect passwords to your motherboard’s BIOS. When a match is found it is printed to the console.

hack bios password code

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Some vendors have taken it upon themselves to step up their security. Certain model FSI laptops will withhold the checksum until three separate passwords are entered – i.e. “Show The Password” or “@skD*63 hda@1iA $Ml1a23”. Other vendors require key presses (F2/F12) or combinations entered at the correct time.

Also read Steam Hacked, Accounts Compromised, People Blaming Valve

Hacking the BIOS password can give an attacker low-level access to the machine. For example, once in the BIOS they could change the boot order to prefer a USB drive. From there they can boot an operating system and access the machine’s hard drive as if it were an external drive. They could run analytic tools on the files, search for passwords or personal information, even make a copy of the entire contents of the disk and transfer it to a private lab for further analysis.

Images from Henrique Pinto, Dogbert

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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Big? Little? It's all Endian




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  1. Burnt Eloi

    August 12, 2015 at 8:59 pm

    whatever happened to the good ol days of pulling the BIOS battery or shorting to ground, lol

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Companies

Finally: The Flying Car, Courtesy of Uber

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Uber Elevate

When we imagined the 21st century in the late lamented sixties, two features were always there: the cities on the Moon and the planets, and the flying cars. Much to our chagrin, neither materialized. But now SpaceX CEO Elon Musk wants to build cities on Mars, and Uber is envisioning a fleet of flying cars, The Wall Street Journal reports.

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Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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Giulio Prisco is a freelance writer specialized in science, technology, business and future studies.




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Fun Hacks

British Whizz Kid Hacks Pokemon Go; Catches Monsters Without Breaking a Sweat

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Pokemon Go

A 25-year-old British former computer science student has discovered a loophole in the popular Pokemon Go allowing him to catch Pokemon without leaving the comfort of his home.

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According to reports, players of the game have resorted to donating thousands of pounds to keep Mark Gore’s ‘bot’ running. Five lawyers are alleged to have urged him to remove the programme.

Mr Gore has stated that his loophole wasn’t designed to take the fun out of the game, which is reported to have seen users harassed by police for walking into restricted areas, according to the British tabloid newspaper, the Sun.

He stated that it was easy exploiting the game, which was created by Niantic. Gore said that over 24,000 people worldwide had been using his site to take advantage of his ‘bot’.

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He said:

I don’t think I’m spoiling people’s fun. If you look at the age bracket of people playing this game, it’s not all teenagers playing. There are a lot of people who work all day and don’t have the time to spend hours each day going out and catching Pokemon.

He added that those who want to can run the program in the comfort of their own home for two hours a day and still maintain the same level of fun to those who walk around collecting Pokemon.

While it certainly adds a level of safety to the game, does it not take away the authentic feel of it too?

Featured image from Matthew Corley via Shutterstock.

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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Artificial Intelligence

Consumer Drones Outfitted With Geofences Around Restricted Air Space

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A project called Airmap has made life easier for two of the major consumer drone producers, DJI and 3D Robotics. The purpose of Airmap is to provide real-time, reliable access to no-fly-zone data. In the case of consumer drones, this can mean a lot more than simply military bases and airport areas.

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A football arena can be off-limits because it is full of patrons, for instance, or potentially could be off-limits to drones all the time anyhow. Residential areas could eventually make use of the technology to politely tell drone operators to keep out, in another example.

In Airmap’s own words:

AirMap makes it easy to operate your drone safely, legally, and hassle-free.

Drone operators using custom-built rigs or brands other than DJI and 3D Robotics can still make use of Airmap, if they choose. The software has a mobile-friendly web interface that tells the user
what locations in their area of operation are off-limits.

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No drone zoneFor many involved in the expensive hobby, Airmap can help mitigate the risk of losing their property to overzealous security forces or otherwise unpredictable elements. Events such as California firefighters complaining of interfering drones could be a thing of the past if Airmap and technologies like it become commonly used by drone enthusiasts.

While homebrew drone operators will always have the final decision as to whether or not they should use Airmap or something like it, technologies like this have a way of making the government think about regulation. For if the operator has the ability to know he is not supposed to be operating in a certain location but is doing so anyway, perhaps there’s an element of criminality afoot (goes the thinking of the regulator).

For their part, commercial drone manufacturers aren’t willing to risk it. By default, several models of DJI’s geofencing program, dubbed GEO or Geospatial Environment Online, which utilizes Airmap’s API, will prevent operators from flying into no-fly-zones. In many locations, users will still have the ability to override the block, but one of the places expressly forbidden is Washington, DC.

One would presume that military bases might also be on such a list. Further, the no-fly-zone list includes places that one might not ordinarily think of, such as prisons and hospitals. The override will require the user to enter sensitive information about themselves, such as a credit card number, in order to increase accountability in the event of incident.

3D Robotics CEO Chris Anderson is on record as saying how important it is to end the “mass jackassery” of drone operators, referring to the reckless flights that some have engaged in. In September, Anderson said:

If we don’t do something about it, no one’s been killed yet, but someone’s going to do something really stupid.

Anderson’s company believes that the ease of drone use which has come over time, with lots of technological innovation along the way, has helped to this end. He told Robotics Trends “we want to make flying as safe as it is easy.”

The move by the companies to implement Airmap technology is no coincidence, in that the Federal Government via Department of Transportation and the Federal Aviation Administration are FAAcurrently looking into successfully mandating drone registration.

Like all new technologies, consumer drones are subject to scrutiny not experienced by more traditional hobbies, and to mitigate the inevitable regulations, companies within the industry must act responsibly to appease regulators ahead of time.

Images from Shutterstock and Wikimedia.

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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5 stars on average, based on 1 rated postsP. H. Madore has covered the cryptocurrency beat over the course of hundreds of articles for Hacked's sister site, CryptoCoinsNews, as well as some of her competitors. He is a major contributing developer to the Woodcoin project, and has made technical contributions on a number of other cryptocurrency projects. In spare time, he recently began a more personalized, weekly newsletter at http://ico.phm.link




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