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ICO Analysis: EOS

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EOS.IO software by block.one wants to “Decentralize Everything”. Mr. Larimer has already put two notable blockchain systems live: BitShares and Steem. Both of these systems remain online and recently benefited from increased interest in the crypto-asset space in general. To this date, EOS has raised $200 million in revenue from token sales.

Brock Pierce, co-founder of block.one, told Reuters that EOS is designed to be a foundation for blockchain business applications. Attendees heard a lot about EOS at last month’s Consensus conference put on by Coin Desk. Block.one claims its platform has eliminated transaction fees and can process millions of transactions per second.

The startup, which recently started selling the EOS token to create a decentralized distribution of tokens to be used with the EOS.IO software has introduced the concept of automating business processes, monitoring assets, and creating multiple applications based on prior technology introduced by Mr. Larimer, who is the inventor of the “Proof of Stake” and the “Decentralized Autonomous Corporations” concepts.

According to its website,

(…) block.one provides end-to-end solutions to bring businesses onto the blockchain from strategic planning to product deployment.

The Team

Block.one CEO, Brendan Blumer, has been involved in the blockchain industry since 2014. Mr. Blumer’s businesses include virtual currency trading in MMORPGs in the US, okay.com in Hong Kong and 1Group in India.

Partner Brock Pierce has raised $200 million for companies he founded, according to his biography. A former child actor, the well-connected Pierce founded Internet Gaming Entertainment in 2001 and ZAM two years later.

Many of Pierce’s companies operate in the virtual currency space. Active in the Bitcoin blockchain ecosystem for nearly a decade already, and a former Director of the Bitcoin Foundation and founder and managing partner of fintech focused venture capital firm Blockchain Capital, Mr. Pierce mentors startup accelerators.

Pierce serves as a founder, board member or advisor at several bitcoin companies: GoCoin, Tether, ZenBox, Blade Financial, Expresscoin, Noble Markets, BitGo and ChangeTip.

Partner Ian Grigg is a financial cryptographer working on cryptographic ledger platforms for over 20 years. He is known for naming the Ricardian Contract, “a method to identify and describe issues of financial instruments as contracts”.

Mr. Grigg’s focuses have revolved around digital contracting. Ricardian Contracts “express all the salient details of an issuance as an unforgeable contract, unforgeably linked into every action within a payment system.”

The Ricardian white paper contract goes on: “By translating the institution of the contract into the digital domain, we build upon centuries’ and even millennia’s worth of experience in documenting, sharing and disputing the meaning of agreements between parties.”

The Ricardian Contract allows clarity in legal and customer support questions. “The user benefits from lower overall costs, and better presentation of information, within a more consistent framework.” Mr. Grigg’s work on triple-entry accounting incorporates Signed Receipt and standard, double entry bookkeeping.

Mr. Larimer is known for his work with BitShares and Steemit. He is credited with inventing delegated proof-of-stake and the concept of decentralized autonomous organizations. (modified by Ethereum)

BitShares’ market-pegged asset platform was described as a hedge against cryptocurrencies by placing fungible fiat derivatives backed by cryptocurrency on a blockchain. Larimer left the project due to lack of funding. In 2016 he joined Steemit, where he created a social content platform based on blockchain.

Larimer says BitShares’ innovation lays in its vertical scalability, which allows transactions to be processed up to as many as 100,000 per second. Mr. Blumer cites horizontal scalability, parallel execution of smart contracts and the simultaneous processing of transactions as EOS strengths. Block.one likely represents the most professional outfit with which Larimer has worked.

The Platform

The software is called ‘EOS.IO’. There is then the ‘EOS Token’ and the ‘EOS Platform’. EOS’ “asynchronous proof-of-stake blockchain” platform is designed to enable applications as user-friendly as centralized alternatives. Making use of delegated proof-of-stake (DPoS) consensus protocol, EOS describes its project as a republic wherein community members of the community delegate verifying transactions to elected block producers.”

Transaction as Proof of Stake (TaPoS) will be implemented on EOS.io software to require that each transaction includes the hash of a recent block header. This hash serves two purposes:

  1. prevents a replay of a transaction on forks that do not include the referenced block; and
  2. signals the network that a particular user and their stake are on a specific fork.

According to the EOS white paper: “Over time all users end up directly confirming the blockchain which makes it difficult to forge counterfeit chains as the counterfeit would not be able to migrate transactions from the legitimate chain.”

The EOS.io software ensures there are no gaps in its transaction history by assigning a sequence number to every message delivered to every account via “proof of completeness.”

The project’s white paper, available on GitHub, notes: “A user can use these sequence numbers to prove that all messages intended for a particular account have been processed and that they were processed in order.”

Integration

EOS, like many proposed distributed ledger platforms, intends to integrate various blockchain platforms. The startup intends on doing this by ensuring clients that they do not need to process all transactions.

After all, an exchange only cares about transfers in and out of the exchange and nothing more,” reads the white paper. “It would also be ideal if the exchange chain could utilize lightweight merkle proofs of deposit rather than having to trust its own block producers entirely. At the very least a chain’s block producers would like to maintain the smallest possible overhead when synchronizing with another blockchain.

In implementing Merkle Proofs for Light Client Validation (LCV), EOS hopes to enable “the generation of relatively light-weight proof of existence that can be validated by anyone tracking a relatively light-weight data set.”

The EOS white paper describes solving latency problems by breaking blocks into “cycles” divided into different threads and transactions containing messages for delivery. “This structure can be visualized as a tree where alternating layers are processed sequentially and in parallel,” according to the white paper.

It concludes:

The EOS.IO software is designed from experience with proven concepts and best practices, and represents fundamental advancements in blockchain technology. The software is part of a holistic blueprint for a globally scalable blockchain society in which decentralised applications can be easily deployed and governed.

“Every single account operates like its own chain, and supports interoperation between all other accounts without locking, so determinism is preserved,” according to Mr. Larimer.

Mr. Larimer calls EOS an “incremental improvement” over his previous projects, describing it as a “general case” of BitShares and Steemit. EOS could support applications like Bitshares and Steem, but it’d be up to those teams.

Our Rating

Now, whether or not EOS will offer infinite scalability and free transactions has yet to be seen – after all, there isn’t much code to go on. As for the latter claim, a basic foundation of pop-economics is that there is no free lunch. The question for EOS, then, and any blockchain project, is whether or not what it offers outflanks its predecessors and contemporaries.

Thanks to its experienced team, and its track record of success, as well as in-production use cases for the technology itself, we give EOS a 6.75 out of 10.

Investment Details

EOS digital token distribution opened up Monday, June 26. EOS’ token distribution follows a participation model that will transpire over the course of one year, “creating the fairest token distribution project on Ethereum to date,” according to the company. Pierce told Reuters that

The goal of the EOS token sale is to make it truly democratize and provide equal access to everyone (…)

Mr. Blumer said: “To ensure inclusivity, EOS

To ensure inclusivity, EOS are not sold for a fixed price, but sold at a price determined by market demand; this mimics mining, but does not offer unfair advantages to large purchasers.

The EOS token sale, which is set to take place over the span of nearly one-year on the Ethereum blockchain, will see 1 billion tokens allocated. 20 percent of the EOS tokens will be sold during the first days, with 70 percent split evenly into 350 consecutive 23-hour periods of 2 million EOS tokens per, beginning July 1. The 10 percent leftover, reserved for block.one, cannot be traded or transferred on the Ethereum network. According to Blumer, EOS will be priced on market demand.

The crowdsale has appeared in New York Times, Reuters and VICE and other noteworthy outlets, as well as hosted info sessions, sponsored events, given out free merch, and advertised on Time Squares jumbotron. Like so many blockchain-based token sales, EOS today is little more than a concept, a white paper, and new code.

Critics levy criticism at Larimer for having left his prior projects, but the developer was free to leave the projects on his whim. He has said publicly that building up the platforms to be self-sustaining was his goal on both platforms before handing over responsibilities. Faces of developers, even on the bitcoin blockchain, often change.

Criticism of DPoS paints it as a winner-take-all arrangement which results in ‘whales’ who can control the system. Some compare it to proof-of-work in bitcoin, where holders of more currency may act as an ‘elite’ in the system.

Bitcoin and Ethereum can be thought of as Delegated Proof of Work where miners elect mining pools, Mr. Larimer told Hacked.com. Less than a dozen mining pools control the vast majority of block production, but Delegated Proof of Stake ensures there are over 20 producers “mining pools” elected by the stake (“hash power”). Like proof-of-work anyone can produce blocks occasionally by voting for themselves. Steem has over 50 unique individuals who produce blocks every single day, more than Bitcoin or Ethereum.

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Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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5 stars on average, based on 1 rated postsJustin O'Connell is the founder of financial technology focused CryptographicAsset.com. Justin organized the launch of the largest Bitcoin ATM hardware and software provider in the world at the historical Hotel del Coronado in southern California. His works appear in the U.S.'s third largest weekly, the San Diego Reader, VICE and elsewhere.




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6 Comments

6 Comments

  1. godtrader

    July 5, 2017 at 5:48 pm

    Thanks, that was an interesting read. I managed to make some profit selling my first windows ICO tokens at $4.29. Its interesting where the price of EOS token will go in next days/weeks. Looks like its just speculative demand.

    • Justin OConnell

      July 7, 2017 at 5:26 pm

      Speculative demand will fuel many ICOs. There seems to be a misconception that tokens should have an inherent value. In my opinion, public blockchains themselves are where inherent value and utility can be found. Token sales are often a vote of confidence in the wherewithal of a specific project. In the case of EOS, it evokes confidence thanks to Mr. Larimer’s experience and the capital behind the project.

  2. choikech

    July 6, 2017 at 1:29 am

    EOS anaylsis published too late. The heat is already gone.

    • Justin OConnell

      July 7, 2017 at 5:27 pm

      It is likely that, at least, a finished platform will come of this considering Mr. Larimer’s coding experience. I would be surprised, in this case, if nothing came of this.

  3. AsTi

    July 6, 2017 at 8:17 am

    EOS ICO SCAM and you know it. 170 million to build the Bitshares fork? Really? Where this invested money? Definitely on the exchanges.

    BTW, almost every second post is ‘to late’ or has info like this.

    • Justin OConnell

      July 7, 2017 at 5:28 pm

      It’s likely, due to Mr. Larimer’s experience, a project will come of this. Further, the company’s partners are well-connected.

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Analysis

Markets Looking for Direction as Dow Eyes All-Time High

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Global stocks have been trading without clear direction so far today, even after Asia kicked off the day in a bullish fashion, with the Shanghai Composite rallying for the second session in a row following Trump’s tariff announcement. The Nikkei retreated a bit after its recent surge, but Europe followed China’s lead and the majority of US stocks are also sporting gains, even as the Nasdaq is in the red, with the likes of Amazon (AMZN), Microsoft (MSFT) and Apple (AAPL) lagging behind.

Dow 30 Index Futures, 4-Hour Chart Analysis

The Dow, which has been relatively strong in the past weeks is outperforming again, thanks now mainly to the jump in mega-cap banks, and the index is edging ever closer to its all-time high from January which is less than 1% away currently. Should the industrial average set a record high, the correction that started with the February mini-crash would be erased by all the US indices, further widening the divergence compared to the rest of the world.

DAX 30 Index CFD, 4-Hour Chart Analysis

Looking closer at Europe, the DAX is trading at its highest level since the first days of the month, similarly to the EuroStoxx50, but the longer-term downtrends are not in danger yet. British assets were in the center of attention today, since the CPI came in higher than expected in the UK, giving a brief boost to the Pound in the generally choppy environment in the Forex segment.

In the US, the housing market provided the most excitement, with building permits significantly missing the consensus estimate of 1.31 million, coming in at 1.23 million, while housing starts beat expectations with 1.28 million units vs. the 1.24 units expected. The sector remains under pressure from rising rates, and activity is clearly below the cycle-peak earlier this year.

US Yields Continue Surge after the BOJ Meeting

2-year US Treasury Yield, 4-Hour Chart Analysis

The upward pressure on yields is apparent today again, with Treasuries plunging and rates rising across the curve. Today, the 30-, 5-, and 2-year yields all hit multi-year highs, and the 10-year yield is also close to the highs it hit in May, as rate hike odds continue to climb before next week’s Fed meeting.

USD/JPY, 4-Hour Chart Analysis

The Bank of Japan didn’t surprise the market today, sticking to its policy despite some recent tightening rumors, and the Yen is virtually unchanged after the decision, with a slight bullish bias.

Gold Futures, 4-Hour Chart Analysis

Commodities are higher today, even as copper gave back most of its early gains, with gold drifting higher towards the $1210 level and WTI crude oil getting back above the key $70 per barrel level. The precious metal is boosted by the slightly weaker Dollar, while oil gained ground after the larger than expected crude inventory draw in the US.

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Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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4.6 stars on average, based on 348 rated postsTrader and financial analyst, with 10 years of experience in the field. An expert in technical analysis and risk management, but also an avid practitioner of value investment and passive strategies, with a passion towards anything that is connected to the market.




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Analysis

Crypto Update: Worst Seems to be Over for Stellar and Cardano

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With so many cryptocurrency pairs losing as much as 90% of their value from this year’s high, it may seem that altcoins are deep in bear territory. Even if you’ve been following our bullish breakout series, the pullbacks in the last two few weeks would have made it easy for you to doubt our claims. However, we stand by our assertion that the overall crypto sentiment is slowly becoming bullish. The altcoins that we cover today serve as additional evidence.

In this article, we show how the worst appears to be over for Stellar and Cardano.

Stellar/Bitcoin Analysis

The last two weeks have been very difficult for Stellar/Bitcoin (XLM/BTC) investors. The pair appears to have breached the uptrend line when it dropped to as low as 0.00002933 on September 11, 2018. At that price level, XLM/BTC lost over 56% of its value from the 2018 high of 0.00006789.

Those who cut their losses after the pair breached the uptrend support would have been badly whipsawed. Stellar/Bitcoin eventually managed to recover the support.

Weekly chart of Stellar/Bitcoin

With the recovery of the support, the outlook is bullish for XLM/BTC. First, the false break of the support is bullish. In most cases, this can ignite a rally to the top end of the range or the resistance.

In addition, the weekly RSI appears to have broken out of its own falling wedge. This is a very good sign that bulls are gaining momentum. Keep in mind, the RSI has been trapped inside this falling wedge since April 2018.

Lastly, the recovery of the support marks the end of the E wave, which is often the last wave down. With bulls taking back the support, we have a convincing case that the worst is over for XLM/BTC.

Cardano/Bitcoin Analysis

Just like XLM/BTC, the last two weeks have also been difficult for Cardano/Bitcoin (ADA/BTC).The pair came off lows of 0.00000969 on September 12, 2018. At that point, the market was down by almost 90% from the 2018 high of 0.00008788.

To many crypto investors, ADA/BTC may be fighting to stay alive. Bears have given their best shot and it may have appeared that the market was down for the count. However, just as ADA/BTC looked hopeless, the market bounced back like a true champion.

Weekly chart of ADA/BTC

As if on cue, ADA/BTC bounced as soon as it hit the support trendline of the falling wedge. This price action emboldened bottom fishers to enter long positions. The increasing demand coupled with decreasing supply due to bearish exhaustion are creating the ideal conditions for a bullish reversal.

As of this writing, ADA/BTC is taking out resistance of 0.000011. Breach of this support will enable the market to reverse its trend and bid goodbye to bear territory.

Bottom Line

Cryptos are slowly stepping out of bear territory. The last few weeks have been difficult but overall, altcoins are becoming bullish. This seems to be the case for both XLM/BTC and ADA/BTC. The worst appears to be over for the two altcoin pairs as they prepare to finally reverse their trend.

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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3.6 stars on average, based on 234 rated postsKiril is a financial professional with 4+ years of experience in financial writing, analysis and product ownership. He has passed all three CFA exams on first attempt and has a bachelor's degree with a specialty in finance. Kiril’s current focus is on cryptocurrencies and ETFs, as he does his own crypto research and is the subject matter expert at ETFdb.com. He also has his personal website, InvestorAcademy.org where he teaches people about the basics of investing. His ultimate goal is to help people with limited knowledge of finance and investments to create investment portfolios easily, and in line with their unique circumstances.




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Analysis

Ethereum Making a Decision Where to Go

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Ether is losing its value slightly today on Sep 19, trading at around $207.98. Losing 0.25% on Wednesday is not that surprising after a very hard Monday (although Tuesday was neutral). The crypto was above $210 when the session started, but then failed to stay near the local highs, says Dmitriy Gurkovskiy, Chief Analyst at RoboForex.

On H1, the bearish trendline is at $216, which is confirmed on D1. The resistance levels at $216 and $220 are strong, and they must be broken out in order to go up or at least pull back upwards.

In case Ether fails to find any drivers, it will likely consolidate at around $205. This is exactly where the key support lies, while the resistance is at $216, as mentioned above.

The MACD is negative on D1, moving along the signal line, still giving a moderate buy signal, while the Stochastic is not going anywhere and is not issuing any signal, while being in the positives.

Lately, Ether is very much volatile, with no certain direction. Last week the cryptocurrency spiked 32%, but early this week it reverted and started falling. Ether is vulnerable to the general negative sentiment in the crypto market, although the inside news influence it, too.

People are waiting for the Constantinople update, as well as for the introduction of Ether futures on CBOE which should take place before the end of the year. Meanwhile, low activity in ICOs does no good to Ether’s price either.

Recently, news has come that the Ethereum network reduced its reward for mined blocks, from 3 to 2 ETH. This nearly equals the profits of Ether and Bitcoin miners, so some ETH miners are sure to switch to Bitcoin after this happened, especially those that are unable to cover their costs and expenses (and there are quite a few).

The only positive piece of news now is the pending payment option in MyCrypto wallet designed by Ethereum. This option enables scheduling the payment date and time, which simplifies matters when it comes to recurring payments, such as subscriptions.

Disclaimer

Any predictions contained herein are based on the authors’ particular opinion. This analysis shall not be treated as trading advice. RoboForex shall not be held liable for the results of the trades arising from relying upon trading recommendations and reviews contained herein.

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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4.4 stars on average, based on 7 rated postsHaving majored in both Social Psychology and Economics, I went on to continue my education in post graduate. Later I worked as a team lead of a tech and fundamental analysis lab in the Applied System Analysis Research Institute. This helped me to acquire all necessary skills and experience to become a successful trader and analyst, as well as a portfolio manager in an investment company. I'm a pro in the financial field and the author of articles for various international media. I also hold the position of Chief Analyst at RoboMarkets.




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