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ICO Analysis: EOS

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EOS.IO software by block.one wants to “Decentralize Everything”. Mr. Larimer has already put two notable blockchain systems live: BitShares and Steem. Both of these systems remain online and recently benefited from increased interest in the crypto-asset space in general. To this date, EOS has raised $200 million in revenue from token sales.

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Brock Pierce, co-founder of block.one, told Reuters that EOS is designed to be a foundation for blockchain business applications. Attendees heard a lot about EOS at last month’s Consensus conference put on by Coin Desk. Block.one claims its platform has eliminated transaction fees and can process millions of transactions per second.

The startup, which recently started selling the EOS token to create a decentralized distribution of tokens to be used with the EOS.IO software has introduced the concept of automating business processes, monitoring assets, and creating multiple applications based on prior technology introduced by Mr. Larimer, who is the inventor of the “Proof of Stake” and the “Decentralized Autonomous Corporations” concepts.

According to its website,

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(…) block.one provides end-to-end solutions to bring businesses onto the blockchain from strategic planning to product deployment.

The Team

Block.one CEO, Brendan Blumer, has been involved in the blockchain industry since 2014. Mr. Blumer’s businesses include virtual currency trading in MMORPGs in the US, okay.com in Hong Kong and 1Group in India.

Partner Brock Pierce has raised $200 million for companies he founded, according to his biography. A former child actor, the well-connected Pierce founded Internet Gaming Entertainment in 2001 and ZAM two years later.

Many of Pierce’s companies operate in the virtual currency space. Active in the Bitcoin blockchain ecosystem for nearly a decade already, and a former Director of the Bitcoin Foundation and founder and managing partner of fintech focused venture capital firm Blockchain Capital, Mr. Pierce mentors startup accelerators.

Pierce serves as a founder, board member or advisor at several bitcoin companies: GoCoin, Tether, ZenBox, Blade Financial, Expresscoin, Noble Markets, BitGo and ChangeTip.

Partner Ian Grigg is a financial cryptographer working on cryptographic ledger platforms for over 20 years. He is known for naming the Ricardian Contract, “a method to identify and describe issues of financial instruments as contracts”.

Mr. Grigg’s focuses have revolved around digital contracting. Ricardian Contracts “express all the salient details of an issuance as an unforgeable contract, unforgeably linked into every action within a payment system.”

The Ricardian white paper contract goes on: “By translating the institution of the contract into the digital domain, we build upon centuries’ and even millennia’s worth of experience in documenting, sharing and disputing the meaning of agreements between parties.”

The Ricardian Contract allows clarity in legal and customer support questions. “The user benefits from lower overall costs, and better presentation of information, within a more consistent framework.” Mr. Grigg’s work on triple-entry accounting incorporates Signed Receipt and standard, double entry bookkeeping.

Mr. Larimer is known for his work with BitShares and Steemit. He is credited with inventing delegated proof-of-stake and the concept of decentralized autonomous organizations. (modified by Ethereum)

BitShares’ market-pegged asset platform was described as a hedge against cryptocurrencies by placing fungible fiat derivatives backed by cryptocurrency on a blockchain. Larimer left the project due to lack of funding. In 2016 he joined Steemit, where he created a social content platform based on blockchain.

Larimer says BitShares’ innovation lays in its vertical scalability, which allows transactions to be processed up to as many as 100,000 per second. Mr. Blumer cites horizontal scalability, parallel execution of smart contracts and the simultaneous processing of transactions as EOS strengths. Block.one likely represents the most professional outfit with which Larimer has worked.

The Platform

The software is called ‘EOS.IO’. There is then the ‘EOS Token’ and the ‘EOS Platform’. EOS’ “asynchronous proof-of-stake blockchain” platform is designed to enable applications as user-friendly as centralized alternatives. Making use of delegated proof-of-stake (DPoS) consensus protocol, EOS describes its project as a republic wherein community members of the community delegate verifying transactions to elected block producers.”

Transaction as Proof of Stake (TaPoS) will be implemented on EOS.io software to require that each transaction includes the hash of a recent block header. This hash serves two purposes:

  1. prevents a replay of a transaction on forks that do not include the referenced block; and
  2. signals the network that a particular user and their stake are on a specific fork.

According to the EOS white paper: “Over time all users end up directly confirming the blockchain which makes it difficult to forge counterfeit chains as the counterfeit would not be able to migrate transactions from the legitimate chain.”

The EOS.io software ensures there are no gaps in its transaction history by assigning a sequence number to every message delivered to every account via “proof of completeness.”

The project’s white paper, available on GitHub, notes: “A user can use these sequence numbers to prove that all messages intended for a particular account have been processed and that they were processed in order.”

Integration

EOS, like many proposed distributed ledger platforms, intends to integrate various blockchain platforms. The startup intends on doing this by ensuring clients that they do not need to process all transactions.

After all, an exchange only cares about transfers in and out of the exchange and nothing more,” reads the white paper. “It would also be ideal if the exchange chain could utilize lightweight merkle proofs of deposit rather than having to trust its own block producers entirely. At the very least a chain’s block producers would like to maintain the smallest possible overhead when synchronizing with another blockchain.

In implementing Merkle Proofs for Light Client Validation (LCV), EOS hopes to enable “the generation of relatively light-weight proof of existence that can be validated by anyone tracking a relatively light-weight data set.”

The EOS white paper describes solving latency problems by breaking blocks into “cycles” divided into different threads and transactions containing messages for delivery. “This structure can be visualized as a tree where alternating layers are processed sequentially and in parallel,” according to the white paper.

It concludes:

The EOS.IO software is designed from experience with proven concepts and best practices, and represents fundamental advancements in blockchain technology. The software is part of a holistic blueprint for a globally scalable blockchain society in which decentralised applications can be easily deployed and governed.

“Every single account operates like its own chain, and supports interoperation between all other accounts without locking, so determinism is preserved,” according to Mr. Larimer.

Mr. Larimer calls EOS an “incremental improvement” over his previous projects, describing it as a “general case” of BitShares and Steemit. EOS could support applications like Bitshares and Steem, but it’d be up to those teams.

Our Rating

Now, whether or not EOS will offer infinite scalability and free transactions has yet to be seen – after all, there isn’t much code to go on. As for the latter claim, a basic foundation of pop-economics is that there is no free lunch. The question for EOS, then, and any blockchain project, is whether or not what it offers outflanks its predecessors and contemporaries.

Thanks to its experienced team, and its track record of success, as well as in-production use cases for the technology itself, we give EOS a 6.75 out of 10.

Investment Details

EOS digital token distribution opened up Monday, June 26. EOS’ token distribution follows a participation model that will transpire over the course of one year, “creating the fairest token distribution project on Ethereum to date,” according to the company. Pierce told Reuters that

The goal of the EOS token sale is to make it truly democratize and provide equal access to everyone (…)

Mr. Blumer said: “To ensure inclusivity, EOS

To ensure inclusivity, EOS are not sold for a fixed price, but sold at a price determined by market demand; this mimics mining, but does not offer unfair advantages to large purchasers.

The EOS token sale, which is set to take place over the span of nearly one-year on the Ethereum blockchain, will see 1 billion tokens allocated. 20 percent of the EOS tokens will be sold during the first days, with 70 percent split evenly into 350 consecutive 23-hour periods of 2 million EOS tokens per, beginning July 1. The 10 percent leftover, reserved for block.one, cannot be traded or transferred on the Ethereum network. According to Blumer, EOS will be priced on market demand.

The crowdsale has appeared in New York Times, Reuters and VICE and other noteworthy outlets, as well as hosted info sessions, sponsored events, given out free merch, and advertised on Time Squares jumbotron. Like so many blockchain-based token sales, EOS today is little more than a concept, a white paper, and new code.

Critics levy criticism at Larimer for having left his prior projects, but the developer was free to leave the projects on his whim. He has said publicly that building up the platforms to be self-sustaining was his goal on both platforms before handing over responsibilities. Faces of developers, even on the bitcoin blockchain, often change.

Criticism of DPoS paints it as a winner-take-all arrangement which results in ‘whales’ who can control the system. Some compare it to proof-of-work in bitcoin, where holders of more currency may act as an ‘elite’ in the system.

Bitcoin and Ethereum can be thought of as Delegated Proof of Work where miners elect mining pools, Mr. Larimer told Hacked.com. Less than a dozen mining pools control the vast majority of block production, but Delegated Proof of Stake ensures there are over 20 producers “mining pools” elected by the stake (“hash power”). Like proof-of-work anyone can produce blocks occasionally by voting for themselves. Steem has over 50 unique individuals who produce blocks every single day, more than Bitcoin or Ethereum.

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Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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Justin O'Connell is the founder of financial technology focused CryptographicAsset.com. Justin organized the launch of the largest Bitcoin ATM hardware and software provider in the world at the historical Hotel del Coronado in southern California. His works appear in the U.S.'s third largest weekly, the San Diego Reader, VICE and elsewhere.




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6 Comments

6 Comments

  1. godtrader

    July 5, 2017 at 5:48 pm

    Thanks, that was an interesting read. I managed to make some profit selling my first windows ICO tokens at $4.29. Its interesting where the price of EOS token will go in next days/weeks. Looks like its just speculative demand.

    • Justin OConnell

      July 7, 2017 at 5:26 pm

      Speculative demand will fuel many ICOs. There seems to be a misconception that tokens should have an inherent value. In my opinion, public blockchains themselves are where inherent value and utility can be found. Token sales are often a vote of confidence in the wherewithal of a specific project. In the case of EOS, it evokes confidence thanks to Mr. Larimer’s experience and the capital behind the project.

  2. choikech

    July 6, 2017 at 1:29 am

    EOS anaylsis published too late. The heat is already gone.

    • Justin OConnell

      July 7, 2017 at 5:27 pm

      It is likely that, at least, a finished platform will come of this considering Mr. Larimer’s coding experience. I would be surprised, in this case, if nothing came of this.

  3. AsTi

    July 6, 2017 at 8:17 am

    EOS ICO SCAM and you know it. 170 million to build the Bitshares fork? Really? Where this invested money? Definitely on the exchanges.

    BTW, almost every second post is ‘to late’ or has info like this.

    • Justin OConnell

      July 7, 2017 at 5:28 pm

      It’s likely, due to Mr. Larimer’s experience, a project will come of this. Further, the company’s partners are well-connected.

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Analysis

Crypto Update: Coins Remain Under Pressure but Supports Still Hold

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The correction of the post-crash rally is still dominant in the cryptocurrency segment, despite the encouraging bounce on Friday, as Bitcoin is dragging the market lower. The coin turned relatively weak in recent days after an extended period of outperformance, but even BTC is holding up well, with the bearish momentum being far from disastrous.

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Ethereum’s relative strength, on the other hand, is slowly building, as we first noted it during the Thursday sell-off, and the second largest could be spearhead the next leg higher. The early leaders of the rally, Ethereum Classic and Litecoin are also acting bullish, and the overall picture remains in line with the orderly correction scenario.

BTC/USD, 4-Hour Chart Analysis

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Bitcoin still hasn’t tested the key $9000-$9200 zone despite several waves of selling that hit the coin, but it’s still stuck below the $10,000 level. We expect a short-term bottom in the coming week, as the momentum of the decline suggests accumulation, and investors should use the dip to add to their holdings, even if a test of the primary support zone is still possible here, with further resistance levels ahead above $10,000 at $11,300, $11,750, and $13,000.

LTC/USD, 4-Hour Chart Analysis

Litecoin put in a higher short-term low during the weekend, retaining its leading position in the rally from a technical standpoint. The MACD indicator already gave a bullish signal after dipping into negative territory, but should Bitcoin continue to struggle, LTC could be in for more consolidation before despite the relative strength. The $200 level is still in focus with a strong resistance zone just ahead between $220 and $235, with the rally high at $250, while further key support is at $180.

Altcoins Mixed in Quiet Trading

ETH/USD, 4-Hour Chart Analysis

Percentage changes are not significant today following yesterday’s decline, and most of the majors are holding up above or near key support levels, with relatively low volatility and notable divergence between the coins.

As for the recently weaker coins, Ripple is still trading well below the $1 level, while IOTA managed to bounce hard off the correction low reaching back to the $1.9 resistance, and edging closer to a break-out from the still dominant downtrend.

The rest of most established coins are still drifting lower, with no major moves in the last few days, so without notable red flags, we remain positive regarding the long-term setup.

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Disclaimer:  The analyst owns cryptocurrencies. He holds investment positions in the coins, but doesn’t engage in short-term or day-trading, nor does he hold short positions on any of the coins.

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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Analysis

Daily Analysis: Oil Extends Rally as Nasdaq Leads Stocks Higher

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Friday Market Recap

Asset Current Value Daily Change
S&P 500 2749 1.38%
DAX 12,483 0.18%
WTI Crude Oil 63.58 1.29%
GOLD 1330.00 -0.16%
Bitcoin 10,14 -0.09%
EUR/USD 1.2295 -0.28%

US equities built up some bullish momentum towards the end of the week, ignoring the technical damage that the volatility-crash caused, and the major US indices rallied into the close today, squeezing the shorts. The Nasdaq, which led the rally as we expected, took out the key 6850 level in late trading and added another percent to, incredibly enough, finish only a hundred point of the all-time high.

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NASDAQ 100 Futures, 4-Hour Chart Analysis

Should the tech benchmark retest the high next week, it will be amid very strong negative divergences, but hey, those divergences have been building for months now. The rally in equities was boosted by the dip in Treasury yields, especially at the long end of the curve, while Amazon continued ot lead the charge, closing right at the historic $1500 per share level.

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Russell 2000 (Small Cap) Index, 4-Hour Chart Analysis

The advance in the Dow and the S&P 500 is much less convincing and with small caps also lagging the tech-behemoth juggernaut, we remain skeptical regarding the sustainability of the move. That said, if the broader indices stay above the key levels, we will be trading the long side in equities, even as from an investment standpoint, valuations are still way above acceptable.

Forex Markets and Commodities

The lackluster performance of European and Asian stocks adds to the negative divergences, especially as the Euro stopped appreciating against the Greenback, and that should be helping stocks of the old continent. Of course, the DAX and the EuroStoxx 50 could play catch-up next week, barring another surge in the common currency.

EUR/USD, 4-Hour Chart Analysis

The most-traded forex pair remains in a short-term downtrend, as it failed to recapture the previously broken rising trendline, and the commodity related risk-on currencies also remained under pressure. The Canadian Dollar did bounce back off yesterday’s 8-week lows, boosted by the much hihger than expected inflation release and the jump in the price of crude oil.

USD/CAD, 4-Hour Chart Analysis

Oil benefited from the positive shift in sentiment, while the Syrian situation, which took a backseat in the headlines, still supports the rally. The Japanese Yen and gold were stable amid the risk-rally and that adds to our suspicions regarding the upside potential form these levels.

Cryptocurrencies

The segment started out the day with a strong bounce that carried the major coins higher by around 10%, but given the recent steep short-term pullback, even that wasn’t enough to turn the tide, and the day ended with an (almost usual) sell-off after the US close. Despite the recent volatility, the overall picture is still encouraging, with most of the majors being safely above the crash lows, likely in a new bullish cycle that has the potential to last for several more weeks or even months.

While new all-time highs are it guaranteed following the 60-70% declines among the largest coins, but even without those, plenty of upside potential is left for investors. With that in mind, investors should hold on to their coins and even add to their holdings on the short-term dips like the current one.

ETH/USD, 4-Hour Chart Analysis

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Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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4.7 stars on average, based on 115 rated postsTrader and financial analyst, with 10 years of experience in the field. An expert in technical analysis and risk management, but also an avid practitioner of value investment and passive strategies, with a passion towards anything that is connected to the market.




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Analysis

Technical Analysis: Majors Stage Rally but Strong Levels Still Ahead

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The cryptocurrency segment has recovered from a broad correction today in early trading, with the most valuable coins all turning into green during the session, despite the bearish start to the overnight session. With bottom-to-top gains of up to 15%, the rally helped in easing the worries of bulls, especially in the case of the relatively weaker coins.

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Bitcoin and most of the largest altcoins remained stable during the selloff, and BTC recaptured the $10,000 level quickly after trading as low as $9600 overnight. The initial rally topped out near $10,400, and the coin is trading back near the $10,000 level, as the bullish momentum faded away somewhat.

BTC/USD, 4-Hour Chart Analysis

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That said, we expect the uptrend to continue even if the correction could still carry Bitcoin lower. Further strong support is found between $9000 and $9200, while targets are ahead at $11,300, $13,000, and $14,250.

ETH/USD, 4-Hour Chart Analysis

Ethereum showed strength during the bounce again after yesterday, together with the early leaders of the rally, and although the coin dipped below the $845 level in the second half of the session, the signs remain positive for bulls. Support levels are now found at $780, $740, $625 and $575, while resistance is ahead near $910 and $1000.

(more…)

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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4.7 stars on average, based on 115 rated postsTrader and financial analyst, with 10 years of experience in the field. An expert in technical analysis and risk management, but also an avid practitioner of value investment and passive strategies, with a passion towards anything that is connected to the market.




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