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ICO Analysis: IOTA

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The IOTA ICO raised 3000 bitcoins in a presale, a remarkable amount of value. It bears exploration. In a quick web search, one of the first things we come across reads:

Iota is the first cryptocurrency without a blockchain. It uses the “Tangle”, which is based on DAG technology. In a traditional blockchain, various transactions are bundled in each block before this bundle of transactions is verified by miners. In the Tangle, every single transaction forms a new block and is essentially verified by itself: In order to successfully conduct a transaction, you first have to verify two randomly chosen transactions is the network. This is done with help of a very simple version of proof-of-work, therefore one could argue that transactions aren’t zero-cost. Yet, the transaction costs are essentially not existent, as the needed PoW is so low that every single device is able to independently carry it out.

This seems out there, on first glance, especially as a virtually untested technology – or is it? IOTA’s goal is to be a currency used in the burgeoning Internet of Things market, one whose growth will likely increase as more millenials buy homes in the coming decades. Overly invasive or home-altering technologies are slow to adopt with generations who didn’t grow up surrounded by technology, but people who had smart phones and iPods in high school will be interested in improving their home experience with the cloud and so forth. As such, monetized data sets could emerge which would, in turn, assist people in everyday routines. Perhaps people would not know they were paying for such things. This is just one case where IOTA might come in, there are many others. IOTA is part of a recent line of very forward-thinking, high value (and high value target) token-based ICOs which are purely for the purpose of fundraising and speculation on the part of the funder.

Instead of offering yet-another-coin or what-have-you, these ICOs intend to innovate with technology that solves problems across broad spectrums. It is no wonder IOTA funded so heavily, for even if it turns out to be a failure, any relevant code could be revived by jilted investors and potentially tried again. Even privately funded, such an idea could garner millions of dollars a month, a week, a day, an hour? It’s hard to tell how much you could make through a platform like this, but the important thing to keep in mind with any newfangled technology is that you can also, get ready for it, make absolutely nothing at all.

Yet, if you’re betting in the cryptocurrency space, you’re already looking for some action, some volatility. So ICOs that are offering solid technology are important to bring to the attention of all involved, and as such let’s run over the merits of the IOTA platform, before diving into some of the finer points:

  • IOTA introduces a concept of “non-blockchain” blockchain tokens. It’s evident that such a system is going to require testing, and this does affect its safety as a value token – but since the token has already raised some funding before even going public, it would seem that confidence in its ability to eventually return value is high.
  • Further revolutionary, as it were, (or counter-revolutionary, depending on your level of Bitcoin maxmalism), IOTA aims to have no fees. The fundamental argument behind the incentivized ledger of Bitcoin, rather than a blast of tradeable tokens at the outset, is that the security and sanctity of the ledger becomes the imperative of the users to preserve, such that they can continue to be reward. Without this monetization, the blockchain must somehow be immune to alteration from “unauthorized” parties – which is funky concept already when you are dealing with blockchains. We will have to look further into this below.
  • One way this could be seen as working is simple: a public rail is provided by someone, and they ask others if they want to provide information over this rail. With it, they can cryptographically prove the location of, say, the UPS, or mail man, or something along those lines. Pets, even children. The GPS location of the registered item could be accessed at any point, using the public rail, having paid a subscription fee to the owner of the rail. One might ask why Bitcoin or an Ethereum token could not simply achieve this goal, and the answer is that they could. In the whitepaper, the authors freely acknowledge:
    • “The rise and success of Bitcoin during the last six years proved the value of blockchain technology.”
  • IOTA’s offering is fundamentally different in that it does not:
    • require mining
    • consider block sizes
    • lack incentive among users to use.

Incentives in a Tangle? Maybe Not

Nevertheless, we must go over the finer point of the incentivization of a blockchain. Numerous banks and others have, over the years, with little or no prompting nor research to back them up, proclaimed that cryptocurrencies will be short-lived, but the blockchain itself is some great advancement. But the blockchain without a cryptocurrency tied to it is not only uninteresting, it’s not actually secure. People need incentive to ensure that something is legitimate – there is overwhelmingly the opposite incentive with centralized currencies and financial institutions. As such, a ledger like Bitcoin, which is trustlessly agreed upon by dozens of thousands, if not more, miners across the globe, all competing for scraps of digital gold, it becomes evident that such a thing must be at least accurate or else one or the other would be able to gain some advantage by having a smaller version or something.

But those are the incentives in Bitcoin.

In IOTA, the incentive to use it is that you must use it in order to use it. In order for one’s own transactions to be entered into the ultimate register, one must also act as a relay for at least two other transactions. As such, a mining conglomerate is not required to certify that a transaction has taken place. As the nodes meet each other, the transactions permeate. It’s a fundamentally different approach to data storage, but perhaps no less valid. Importantly, it doesn’t at a given time require a “longest” identifiable file, but rather all the data will eventually mesh with all the other data, cryptographically forming a representative of the economic community.

Collectively, this representation of transactions/economic activity is referred to as a Directed Acrylic Graphic (DAG), which in the context of IOTA is a “tangle.”

The transactions issued by nodes constitute the site set of the tangle (i.e., the tangle graph is the ledger for storing transactions). Its edge set is obtained in the following way: when a new transaction arrives, it must approve two previous transactions; these approvals are represented by directed edges, as shown on Figure 1 and others (on the pictures, times always goes from left to right). If there is no directed edge between transaction A and transaction B but there is a directed path of length at least two from A to B, we say that A indirectly approves B. There is also the genesis” transaction, which is approved (directly or indirectly) by all other transactions, see Figure 2. The genesis is described in the following way. In the beginning there was an address with balance containing all the tokens. Then the genesis transaction sent these tokens to several other founder” addresses. Let us stress that all the tokens were created in the genesis (no other tokens will be created), and there no mining in the sense miners receive monetary rewards”.

Thus, if Bitcoin’s blockchain is a trustless ledger, IOTA’s tangle is a sort of trutless mesh + ledger.

What will be battle-tested, then, in the launch of IOTA, is the notion of a completely different kind of ledger technology, competing in the same space, with the same ideals, as Bitcoin, but usurping its utility in terms of various applications – in this case, Internet of Things, but others could come along. One can envision all sorts of uses for very specific, very intelligent tokens that don’t require a long approval (confirmation) process before becoming useful. Although cryptocurrencies using the same fundamentals as Bitcoin have solved this problem already, like Dash with its InstantSend, there are a lot of areas where Bitcoin does not perform for some markets that others can rise to replace and compete with it for the crown.

The IOTA Team

A bet on IOTA very much involves the team behind it, since even if it works in theory, it must execute in practice as close to flawlessly as possible given that it is serving financial needs. While IOTA does not put their developers front and center on the website, the very highly polished delivery is anything but a mistake.

One of their developers is a definitely active developer, Oliver Nitzschke, whose Github profile shows significant activity over the past couple of years. He works on several different types of projects, including a number of issues related to mobile technology. The company he concurrently works with, Pinpong, is an Android development company. Presumably, mobile platforms will play a huge rule in the IOTA economy – fewer and fewer business people would be caught without at least one smart device, but many have multiple devices. The higher levels of these, like the smart phone and the tablet, could generate and share transactions for a purpose, virtually eliminating the need of specialized hardware – which is another drawback to the conventional, tested Bitcoin model.

Other developers have little or no public information about them at all, but still appear to have contributed to multiple modules of the project, like Developer Come-from-Beyond.

Given recent past experience, such oversights as a lack of easy-to-access “team” information is not a huge problem for ICOs, especially not in this heightened hype bubble climate. Such climates are always good for the agile trader, ready to liquidate positions and hold others beyond reason. The Github list of people can do for now.

The Co-founder of IOTA, we learn in this manner, is Dominik Schiener. As you would expect, given the nature of the IOTA whitepaper and the innovativeness of the technology being discussed, this guy has no lack of chops when it comes to coding and cryptocurrency. He has a fully functioning public voting system for the Ethereum platform and much more to his credit via Github. Needless to say, he knows what he’s talking about. Attempting to introduce a “blockchainless cryptocurrency” is an interesting, if noble, pursuit, however. It should be noted that no cryptocurrency, at this point in the scheme of market adoption, is truly in competition with any other. They all share enough properties that a few of a number of things could happen to any one of them and significantly increase their value, utility, and validity in a very short period of time.

The Verdict

Well, do you like to live dangerously? Investing in a completely nascent, truly untested technology is… exactly what the Bitcoin millionaires all did. They had a feeling that it would work, they bet big, and they won big.

However, just as Bitcoin is already seeing other coins begin to edge in on it in terms of usage and adoption and buzz, IOTA could face stiff competition from similar rivals, based on the same ideas or slightly tweaked – or even improved – versions of them. Popov’s Tangle proposition could prove valid indeed – but ultimately be executed by someone else, the way a theory one developed today could be proven after one had lived. This problem faces any nascent technology. People could feel that tangle itself is the innovation, and build alternative solutions using it directly. The risk of companies doing this in a semi-proprietary way is there.

Nevertheless, this type of innovation is the kind you either have the guts to get on board with you or you don’t. The author has considered leaving it unrated, but feels comfortable saying a 7/10 in terms of safety/ability to get the value of your tokens back from them at some point, and hopefully a profit. Getting in early on a totally new way of transacting has to be worth something, and having enough shares could net a healthy sum. Yet, all the same, as with all things in the cryptocurrency space, me-too products will follow, and some of these will be just as awesome.

Investment Details

IOTA will begin trading at Bitfinex on Tuesday at 1PM UTC. According to Bitfinex, it was a rare move to add such a nascent currency:

Several factors have gone into our decision when considering the addition of IOTA trading on Bitfinex. Some of these factors include user requests, market capitalization, design parameters, and a thorough assessment of the token’s development process; including the team behind the token, their strategies for solving technical and nontechnical problems, as well as addressing the scaling issues currently confronting traditional blockchain technologies.

Bitfinex has an awful lot of traders who love some good moon shots, so it should be an interesting week for IOTA.

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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5 stars on average, based on 2 rated postsP. H. Madore has covered the cryptocurrency beat over the course of hundreds of articles for Hacked's sister site, CryptoCoinsNews, as well as some of her competitors. He is a major contributing developer to the Woodcoin project, and has made technical contributions on a number of other cryptocurrency projects. In spare time, he recently began a more personalized, weekly newsletter at http://ico.phm.link




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ICO Analysis: BitTorrent Token

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Blockchain company TRON made waves back in June 2018, when it was announced that TRON was acquiring BitTorrent, the company responsible for the development of the immensely popular file-sharing protocol BitTorrent, for $140m.

The BitTorrent protocol is a pioneer in the decentralized networks space and allows for the downloading and uploading of files from/to various hosts rather than a single server.

Perhaps the most popular or well-known use of the protocol is torrenting, which is often used to share copyrighted content like movies and music illegally.

Regardless of how the protocol is used, one can’t deny the popularity of the protocol.

According to BitTorrent (the company), the protocol is used by more than 170 million people every month and is responsible for as much as 40% of the world’s daily Internet traffic.

However, while BitTorrent is immensely popular, the company behind the protocol has struggled to generate revenue.

Thus, the acquisition comes as a break for the struggling company and might prove to be very strategic for TRON, as they gain access to a very large user base and more importantly (in the author’s view), a team of developers that is top of its class when it comes to developing decentralized networks.

Under the new leadership, BitTorrent is launching a token (BTT) to tokenize what is perhaps the world’s biggest, decentralized file sharing protocol.

Token

According to the BTT whitepaper, BTT will incentivize users to offer infrastructure services, such as seeding or hosting files, in return for BTT.

To validate this concept, BitTorrent is launching something called BitTorrent Speed (release date set for Q2 2019), which will enable faster downloads for users who choose to pay file seeders in BTT.

Thus, downloaders (“leechers”) will benefit from faster downloads via prioritized resource allocation, while seeders or hosters will benefit from payment in exchange for providing bandwidth services to the network.

It’s hoped that this will incentivize downloaders (who become seeders when they start to download a file) to keep seeding, even after their download is finished, a problem that has been present since the inception of the BitTorrent protocol.

While BitTorrent Speed is the first initial experiment when it comes to tokenizing the BitTorrent protocol, the team behind BTT envisions more generalized applications of this tokenization model (with potentially more to come):

  1. General decentralized mass distribution of content that might be subject to attack like censorships. With the decentralized and large network effects of the BitTorrent Protocol, not only do content creators not have to worry about hosting their content on one provider, but performance issues will also be of less worry, as the BitTorrent protocol has been proven to be able to handle large amounts of download requests, with organizations like Facebook and Twitter even using the technology to distribute updates to their servers.
  2. Decentralized storage services, where users pay for storage over time
  3. Decentralized proxying services, where users pay to retrieve content by URL (use cases may include content that might be subject to IP-based controls, highly mobile applications, and users with intermittent Internet connectivity, such as mobile users on WiFi, requesting content in chunks vs. in a complete form)

BTT-based transactions will be confirmed via blockchain technology to prevent fraud.

The total supply of BTT will be 990,000,000,000 (990 billion) BTT.

The tokens will be allocated as follows.

  • TRON Foundation (20%)
  • BitTorrent Ecosystem (19.9%)
  • Team (19%)
  • TRON Airdrop, or allocation for holders of Tron’s cryptocurrency (TRX) (10.1%)
  • BitTorrent Airdrop, or allocation for BitTorrent client users for client install and onboarding (10%)
  • Seed investors (9%)
  • Public sale (6%)
  • Partnerships (4%)
  • Private sale (2%)

The public token sale, which starts at 15:00 UTC, January 28th, 2019 is structured as follows.

  • $7.2m USD hard cap (sale finishes when hard cap is reached or at 15:00 UTC, February 3rd, 2019)
  • Individual cap of $20k USD
  • 59.4 billion BTT for sale (6% of total token supply)
  • No vesting or lockup
  • 40% of tokens for sale in BNB, 60% for sale in TRX
  • Tokens distributed within 15 days of token sale conclusion

Team

The team behind BTT is the team behind BitTorrent, which as explained, is a massively popular decentralized file sharing protocol, and the team behind Tron, a highly popular blockchain-based project, whose cryptocurrency TRX, is ranked #9 by market capitalization as of writing (Coinmarketcap).

Verdict

Below is a breakdown of the risks and growth potential of BitTorrent Token (BTT).

Risks

  • Would people actually pay for faster torrent downloads (initial use case for BTT, which will serve as a way to validate or invalidate the notion of tokenizing the BitTorrent protocol)? Torrents are known for enabling free downloading of content like movies and music. If users really wanted to pay for torrents, it’s possible that they would have already migrated to services like streaming via Netflix and Spotify. Moreover, BitTorrent users are not mandated to participate in BitTorrent Speed. (-0.5)
  • There is a lot of legal controversy surrounding the use of BitTorrent – the protocol itself is legal; however, as mentioned, there are many illicit uses of it, such as the sharing of copyrighted content. While it’s unlikely that the team behind BTT would get into any sort of trouble, it’s possible that users might be turned off by negative press or attention about illicit use and resulting legal disputes. (-0.5)
  • The team is highly experienced at building and maintaining decentralized network infrastructure (BitTorrent) and building popular blockchain-based solutions (TRON). However, competitors like Upfiring have already launched beta products, with decent feedback on places like Reddit. (-0.5)
  • Although the BitTorrent and TRON teams have built large-scale decentralized network infrastructure, it will be difficult to build a blockchain that can handle the massive throughput of the BitTorrent network. (-0.5)
  • Initial circulating supply is only 9% but will near 80% within 3.5 years, which means that the BTT token will face incredible inflationary pressure (-2)
  • Seed and private investors got BTT at a ~68% bonus (relative to public sale price) and don’t have a lockup (though tokens are vested over a year). (-0.5)
  • No details on lockups and/or vesting for team tokens. (-0.5)

Growth Potential

  • BitTorrent is about as legitimate as they come for proven examples of successful decentralized networks. (+2)
  • The tokenization of BitTorrent’s protocol could prove to be very interesting, and it’s possible that content creators and other individuals and groups that wish to distribute files could migrate to the protocol in order to circumvent the various problems associated with going through more centralized alternatives, such as app stores, music distribution platforms, and more. (+2)
  • If tokenization via BTT takes off due to the combination of the already large network effects of BitTorrent and the validation of the BTT tokenization model, it’s very possible that BTT might be covered in mainstream media outlets, as an example of a cryptocurrency project that has “mainstream adoption”. (+1)
  • The sale will be taking place on Binance’s Launchpad platform for ICOs, which provides BTT with a ready base of potential investors who can invest easily from Binance’s platform. (+1)
  • Although competitors like Upfiring are up and running, the team, as mentioned, has a great track record in building decentralized networks (BitTorrent and TRON). (+2)
  • Say what you want about Justin Sun and TRON, but no one can deny that Justin Sun and TRON are marketing wizards, who are highly capable of building investor interest in blockchain projects. During the bull run of late 2017~early 2018, TRX multiplied in price by over 100 times (as measured in USD), and the TRON community continues to be vibrant. (+2)

Disposition

BitTorrent Token will prove to be an interesting experiment for the future of decentralized technology. The team is combining an already large decentralized network (the BitTorrent protocol) with the idea of tokenization and crypto-economics. However, in terms of investing in the token sale, competitors, current blockchain technology limitations, inflationary pressure, more favorable terms for early investors, opacity regarding team tokens, and general lack of interest in ICOs amidst a bear market make BTT ICO participation a questionable proposition. Nevertheless, the sheer potential of leveraging BitTorrent’s network in a cryptocurrency project as well as the team’s experience in building decentralized networks and marketing make BTT a token to keep an eye on. BitTorrent Token receives a 5/10.

Investment Details

  • Type: TRC10 – Utility
  • Symbol: BTT
  • Platform: TRON
  • Crowdsale: January 28th, 2019 at 15:00 UTC
  • Minimum Investment: Unspecified
  • Price: 1 BTT = .00012 USD (prices in BNB and TRX set on day of token sale)
  • Hard Cap: $7.2m
  • Payments Accepted: TRX, BNB
  • Restricted from Participating: China, USA, Afghanistan, Albania, Belarus, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Burundi, Central African Republic, Cote d’Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Myanmar, North Korea, Republic of Macedonia (FYROM), Serbia, Somalia, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Syria, Thailand, Trinidad & Tobago, Tunisia, Uganda, Ukraine, Venezuela, Yemen, and Zimbabwe

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Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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ICO Analysis: Devv

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One of the major issues with blockchain technology is that the underlying platforms are unable to adequately service high amounts of usage without compromising on speed and transaction costs (“the scalability problem”).

In fact, many see this as one of the foremost obstacles for blockchain to overcome in order to achieve widespread adoption and become the basis for a new and decentralized Internet.

Various projects have sprung up and are in the works with the focus of tackling the scalability issue.

Devvio is yet another contender to step into the arena for scalable platforms and has developed a blockchain protocol called Devv that claims to address blockchain’s major issues including scalability as well as fraud, loss, theft, privacy and stability.

While seasoned ICO investors might have heard this pitch one too many times, Devv has processed over 1 million transactions per second (tps) on-chain and is currently benchmarking at over 8 million tps on-chain, the results of which can be seen here. Those would like to delve further into Devv’s technology can check out the Devv whitepaper and Devv Github.

By solving the aforementioned issues of scalability, fraud, loss, theft, privacy and stability, Devvio believes that their cryptocurrency has the potential to really grow into the preferred way for instant value exchange worldwide.

Moreover, similar to platforms, such as Ethereum and EOS, developers can build Dapps on Devv but not be limited by high fees, low transaction throughput, and sub-par security at scale.

Some use cases the Devvio team foresees for Devv include the following:

Financial Services

Using Devv to manage exchange, hedging, payments, and repatriation of funds.

Data

Using Devv to manage sensitive data in a highly secure environment.

Logistics

Track and manage goods as well as reduce traditional insurance and logistics costs.

Token

Devv’s token will be used to enable value and asset exchange similar to other cryptocurrencies and tokens.

Devvio will initially issue ERC-20 tokens to investors before ERC-20 tokens are swapped for native Devv tokens at a 1:1 ratio.

Devv tokens (total supply 500m tokens) will be allocated as follows.

  • 30% token sale (150m tokens)
  • 30% company reserve (150m tokens)
  • 20% partners and acquisitions (100m tokens)
  • 15% founders and partners (75m tokens)
  • 4% advisors (20m tokens)
  • 1% bounties and community (5m tokens)

According to the Devv whitepaper, token sale proceeds will be used in the following manner (assuming the hard cap of $18m is met):

  • 15% technical development
  • 12% Devvio operations
  • 12% business development
  • 18% Intellectual property development, licensing, and enforcement
  • 20% marketing
  • 8% supporting technologies
  • 15% token sale fees

The amount of Devv tokens issued to investors will vary depending on how much is raised during the token offering. For instance, if the hard cap of $18m is met, token purchasers will receive 150m tokens as mentioned.

2% of Founder, Partner, and Advisor tokens will be available upon the Token Generation Event (TGE) and 98% will be vested with a cliff of 1 year at a rate of 1/8th each quarter for 2 years (after the initial 1 year lockup period).

Team

Devvio team members include the following:

CEO Tom Anderson – Anderson was the founder of Novint Technologies, a robotics company which made the first 3d touch device for consumers. Anderson is considered a pioneer in haptic technology (integrating the sense of touch into computers and virtual reality). Novint raised over $30m, licensed game development worth tens of millions of dollars, and more before its patents were sold to Facebook.

Advisors

Tokenmarket – well-known token sale organizer that has helped ICO clients, such as Civic, Storj, and Dent.

More team members and advisors are listed on Devvio’s team page.

Verdict

Below is a breakdown of the risks and growth potential of Devv.

Risks

  • Like many projects – not fully released. First stable release of Devv blockchain is set for Q1/Q2 2019.
  • For a highly ambitious blockchain platform (“solving” scalability, fraud, loss, theft, privacy and stability at the same time), no one on the team has standout experience working on similar projects.
  • Token allocation for token sale could be higher.
  • Though the token sale date hasn’t been specified, interest on social platforms thus far seems relatively low for a project of its scope (e.g. ~2.8k Telegram channel members and ~1k Twitter followers as of writing).

Growth Potential

  • Testnet available and not a complete whitepaper/vaporware project like many ICOs.
  • Team has had business success in other endeavors (e.g. Novint).
  • According to the Devv FAQ (“Do you have any patents”), the team has patented their ideas to build somewhat of a protective moat.
  • Instead of accepting that thefts occur in the blockchain/cryptocurrency space like most other projects, Devv has an optional transaction method (similar to credit card chargebacks) called DevvProtect. Optional DevvProtect wallets guard against common issues like stolen private keys and lack of asset transferal upon events, such as a token holder’s death. These are definitely interesting features that would probably be of interest to businesses, Devv’s intended audience.

Disposition

Although jaded ICO investors are probably tired of hearing about platforms that will solve scalability among other blockchain technology obstacles, Devvio’s Devv blockchain does show promise with its benchmarking of 8 million tps and testnet available for use. This in addition to the team’s business experience, focus on patents, and innovative features like optional transactions make the project one to keep an eye on as long as they can deliver technically and garner adequate community interest once the ICO date is announced. Devv receives a 7/10.

Investment Details

  • Type: ERC20 – Utility then Native
  • Symbol: DEVV
  • Platform: Ethereum then Native
  • Crowdsale: TBA
  • Minimum Investment: Unspecified
  • Price: Unspecified
  • Hard Cap: $18m
  • Payments Accepted: Unspecified, presumably ETH
  • Restricted from Participating: Unspecified

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Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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ICO Analysis: Fieldcoin

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Fieldcoin is an agribusiness crowdfunding platform that enables anyone to buy, sell, rent, and manage farmland from anywhere in the world. Using IoT, smart contracts, and other agribusiness technology, token holders will form a DAC (Decentralised Autonomous Community) and vote on every aspect of their chosen agribusiness from seed to table.

“Fieldcoin’s mission is to bring the blockchain technology to land property transactions and agricultural crowdfunding projects while creating a stable transaction instrument easing the process of land and agribusiness acquisition.”

Fieldcoin will offer access to LANDS Management Services. Investors will be able to buy/sell/manage physical land of different sizes and budgets at an attractive price compared to the market value.

The company claims to:

  • Brings liquidity to the agricultural industry
  • The token is backed by land.
  • Decentralize the highly centralized agriculture market
  • Track the origin of food products.
  • Manage the way the food is grown (pesticides or organic)

Along with the above highlights, Fieldcoin’s “trade-back token” guarantees an 80% ratio on the value of your token to the assets in the ecosystem and the possibility of claiming your assets in physical property at a certain rate under the market price.

In the Fieldcoin ecosystem, there are 2 levels of ownership: “Off-chain,” which is to comply with national regulations and “On-chain,” which is recorded and transacted on the blockchain.

  • Off-chain: Fieldcoin Ltd or a third party company DAO (decentralized autonomous organization) owns the property titles recorded in the national land registry. The token holder owns a share of the company representing the specific land acquired on the platform.
  • On-chain: Fieldcoin Ltd creates a unique token with a unique number representing a specific property called LANDS (ERC721). The LANDS token represents the ownership of the property and can be exchanged on the Fieldcoin platform using the Blockchain.

The FCO will start April 2nd, 2019.

FCO means Field Coin Offering. It’s like any ICO, users buy (FLC) ERC20 Utility tokens which are used to acquire non-fungible tokens (ERC721), which represent a particular agricultural property. “The acquisition of NFT tokens during the ICO makes the Field Coin Offering unique and offers a strong advantage to investors that are able to test the platform and own tangible assets during the Coin Offering.”

Token

FLC is an ERC20-based utility token distributed during the FCO. The token is used as a currency to buy land, services and crowdfund agricultural projects on the platform.

LANDS is an ERC721-based token received after buying a specific land property through our platform, representing land ownership and storing the data of your property. LANDS are also available for purchase during the FCO.

According to the company, trade-back token is “Token holders will buy land on Fieldcoin’s platform and pay the full market price displayed on the website. They will be credited with a coupon to buy land for later purchases. The value of the voucher corresponds to the difference between the price drop of the token under the 80% threshold and the actual value of assets in Fieldcoin’s Ecosystem. The coupon can be applied to available properties sold by Fieldcoin Ltd on the platform.”

Distribution:

  • Private Sale 2%
  • FCO 60%
  • Token Bonuses 17%
  • Reserves 10%
  • Team 9%
  • Bounty 2%

Allocation of funds:

  • 60% Purchase of Physical Land
  • 15% Agribusiness Development
  • 10% IT
  • 7% Legal
  • 6% Marketing
  • 1% Reserve Fund
  • 1% Social and Rural Development

Ecosystem asset reallocation:

  • 85% Land Recapitalization
  • 9% Business Operations
  • 5% IT Development
  • 1% Participation in Communities

Team

The Fieldcoin project is governed and supervised by Fieldcoin Ltd, registered in London. The team members are from France, Canada, USA, India, Belgium, Italy, the UK, Pakistan and China. There are over 25 team members including the advisors.

Marc Couzic is the  Founder/CEO.  He is a freelance commodities and crypto trader since 2013 and has been a “Contributor” to 3 blockchain projects this past year; Experty.io, Kart Block, and Magna Numeris.

Alexandre Palubniak is a Web Project Manager from France. He has spent 7 years as a freelance “Director Artistique”.

Jeremie Joncas is a COO from Canada but there is not much info on him. He owned a business for 4 years called J2 Entretien (but can’t find any info in it). He’s traded crypto for the last 1.5 years.

The rest of the team is similar to the above – very little experience in agriculture or blockchain.

There are also 10 Contributors/Advisors. They are average.

Verdict

When describing the benefits of Fieldcoin in Telegram, CEO Marc Couzic had this to say, among other things.

“Yes, it is a share profit system where 40% of net profits on production goes to the externalized land management company or farmer (choosen by Fieldcoin) exploiting the land and 60% to the owner. The holder of LANDS tokens won’t need to do a thing besides participating in decision concerning the type of crops and agricultural method used on its land. The idea is to levy the burden of execution for the investor and move towards agricultural automation processes. Additionally, the price of land grow on average 2-3% worldwide”

The idea of Fieldcoin is to have Decentralized Autonomous Communities that will decide on the agriculture products and management of their lands. They will vote on things like the amount of pesticides used, or if they want pure organic or reasonable agriculture.

The problem is DACs are complicated. Billion-dollar projects like Ethereum and EOS are still developing the tools to perfect them. Does Team Fieldcoin even have the ability to execute this massive project? It seems iffy, as they are fast approaching on the pre-sale and do not have an MVP. They only have this picture of one.

Risks

  • Small soft cap of just $3 million USD. According to the company: “the Proof of Concept can only be implemented once the FCO has reached $5 million USD. In the event of the cap not being reached, the Proof of Concept will be postponed.” This is sketchy. -1
  • The team is not very impressive at all. -2
  • Their business plan requires the minting of new Fieldcoin tokens to buy more land. They explain the process in detail here. -1
  • Only 13% of the funds raised will go to legal and marketing. -1
  • DACs are complicated. Many top projects are delaying launch until they figure out governance. -2

Growth Potential

  • First mover advantage. +2
  • They say they’ve already purchased land, have buying promises and about 35 offers to be displayed. +2
  • 85% of the Ecosystem asset reallocation is reserved for new land acquisitions further expanding the Ecosystem.+2
  • “Fieldcoin plans to target low-risk and average potential markets first, such as the countries within the European Union, and will then move slowly to countries with more venture capital and with much higher expected returns for Fieldcoin’s Ecosystem.”+1.5
  • 1% of the Fieldcoin tokens will be allocated to the Fieldcoin Foundation, which aims to develop community infrastructure. This project includes plans to build schools, water wells, irrigation systems, and roads.+2
  • “The Fieldcoin token is supported by “Trade-Back Protocol”, offering token holders the possibility to claim LANDS at a reduced price in case of market dips. Thanks to our upward trend capitalization mechanism, new physical lands will be acquired by Fieldcoin Ltd. increasing the guarantee of the Trade Back Protocol.”+2
  • Although we don’t score Fieldcoin well, these “respected” ICO sites have them ranked rather high. +0.5

Disposition

The tools required to build a proper DAC voting system are only now being built. Although something similar to this DAC agribusiness will someday soon be a reality, this project is too early and too ambitious, especially with such an inexperienced team. 5/10

Investment Details

  • Symbol: FLC (ERC20)  LANDS (ERC721)
  • Platform: Ethereum
  • Total Supply: 1 billion
  • Presale: Feb 4 – Feb 12, 2019 (100% bonus, 1 million USD worth of tokens available)
  • Price: 1 FLC = $0.05
  • FCO (Field Coin Offering) Start date: April 2nd 2019.
  • Hard Cap: $31 million
  • Soft Cap: $3 million
  • Telegramhttps://t.me/fieldcoin
  • Websitehttps://www.fieldcoin.io/
  • Barred Jurisdictions: USA and China

All unsold tokens will be burned.

Featured image courtesy of Shutterstock.

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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4.2 stars on average, based on 27 rated postsJoshua Larson is also known as the "Bullshit Man" for his ability to spot it a mile away. Avid ICO researcher and contributor. Former professional poker player/backer. Spent 10 years analyzing hand history, stats, and player data. Discovered blockchain in late 2016, and never looked back. He now uses his analysis skills to investigate ICOs full time. What a perfect match, because in today's crazy world of ICOs, information, passion, and diligence = dollar bills!




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