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Is a Decentralized Internet the Solution to Outages?

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“Attacks that we witnessed today were possible mainly because there is a centralized infrastructure which could have been targeted,” said Piotr Janiuk, CTO of  Golem,  which seeks to decentralize the internet using peer-to-peer technology. “The attack itself isn’t easy to carry out, but it is obvious that even the backbone infrastructure behind the Internet contains single points of failure which are prone to such malicious activity – even though the infrastructure may comprise multiple machines. As of today, the trend is to move towards distributed solutions and the main problem is the lack of standard way of setting up the infrastructure.”

Golem  is among a legion of technologists who believe a decentralized everything is the best way avoid problems such as the widespread outages experienced in the US, the UK and western Europe going into the weekend.

The source of the Friday outages is New Hampshire internet infrastructure company, Dyn, which endured two separate cyber attacks within hours of each other. Dozens of websites, including PayPal, Twitter, Spotify, Netflix and others went down.

Netflix

Netflix was among several major websites that saw an outage.

 The outages began in the Eastern United States before affecting other parts of the country. Gizmodo cited five dozen sites seemingly affected by the attack, including CNN, HBO Now, Mashable, the New York Times, People.com, the Wall Street Journal and Yelp! affected by the attacks. U.S. officials from the U.S. State Department of Homeland Security and the Federal Bureau of Investigation opened an investigation into the attacks.

Amazon reported the outage affected users in Western Europe.  Twitter and select news sites were out in London on Friday evening. PayPal Holdings Inc. experienced outages in “certain regions” affecting payments.

Spotify, Reddit, AirBnB, the Verge all reportedly suffered outages. Amazon.com Inc’s web services, cloud computing service, reported outages, as well. That meant companies like Visa, Twitter and Netflix went down. Could all this be avoided with a decentralized internet?

“If you do a Google patent search you will see the state-of-the-art there,” Maidsafe CEO David Irvine told Hacked.com. “It’s very new.”

Maidsafe, and it’s SAFE network is modelled on colonies in nature, servers and intermediaries do not make logical sense and we sort of all know that in our deepest thoughts. Some say a decentralized internet is not possible.

“DDOS depends on a target, in SAFE the target is everyone’s computers,” Mr. Irvine said.  “An analogy would be DDOS is like swatting a large fly, in SAFE the large fly is a mass swarm of mossies which makes it hard even with 8 arms filled with fly swatters.” Mr. Irvine hopes the SAFE network might help to form the primordial soup of a decentralized internet.

SAFE uses xor addressing, a type of data structure used in computer programming, which means any node outages will be covered by the nearest nodes.

“This makes those mossies like zombie mossies or perhaps hydra like,” Mr. Irvine said.

This is stretching a little, he admits. Since no such decentralized networks exist, it’s difficult to know what one’s vulnerabilities might be. Maidsafe employs university research to help answer some questions. Maidsafe uses data chains, which are different from blockchains.

The Maidsafe model does not assume every node/person needs to know and agree on all information like in the Bitcoin blockchain model. “Detailed information is local and less detailed is more global,” he said. “This is like posting a letter, the closer to the destination the more info is known of the destination.”

The Golem Project’s vision of a decentralized internet entails running the ‘Golem app.’

“It’s hard to predict the definite direction in which distributed solutions will go but if infrastructure similar to Golem (production version with lots of nodes) was up and running then any service running on top of it would be resilient to this type of attacks,” Mr Janiuk told Hacked.com. “Of course at this point there is still a lot of work in the field not only because the infrastructure has to be deployed but also all sorts of utilities which are available today would have to be tailored to this new paradigm.”

He adds: “It seems that the centralised Internet of today is more and more pushed to its limits and the change of paradigm is inevitable in a longer run.” If the Internet is to grow and thrive, then the decentralization seems to be one of the best (if not the best) options.”

Images from Shutterstock.

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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5 stars on average, based on 1 rated postsJustin O'Connell is the founder of financial technology focused CryptographicAsset.com. Justin organized the launch of the largest Bitcoin ATM hardware and software provider in the world at the historical Hotel del Coronado in southern California. His works appear in the U.S.'s third largest weekly, the San Diego Reader, VICE and elsewhere.




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TRON Price Analysis: TRX/USD Cools After Reports Suggest of Potential Baidu Partnership, but Not Blockchain Focused

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  • Reports of TRON and Baidu partnership focused on cloud computing resources.
  • TRX/USD price has cooled over the past two sessions, but supported within an ascending channel.

Potential TRON and Baidu Partnership – Not Blockchain Related

The founder of TRON Justin Sun, had left the community very excited on Friday, after tweeting “Finally, First time to partner with tens of billions USD valuation industry giant. Guess the name.”

According to ODaily, a local Chinese newswire, the partnership will be focused on cloud computing resources, not blockchain. It covered that TRON would be buying cloud computing resources from China’s equivalent to Google, Baidu. This was cited and translated by CNLedger.

If this being the case, it could be somewhat disappointing for some of the TRON community. There would have been general expectation and hope, of this being related to the foundation’s blockchain network. As it states the partnership remains focused on the purchase and use of Baidu’s basic cloud computing resources, rather than being a connection “at the blockchain business level.”

The report covered that Tron and Baidu will be working to maximize inter-compatibility. In addition, “to build, operate and debug blockchain products” based on Baidu Cloud. Baidu and Tron have not yet formed any connection at the blockchain business level. Currently the cooperation mainly focuses on the purchase and use of (Baidu’s) basic cloud computing resources.” As covered by CNLedger’s translated report.

Despite the circulating details, there has not been an official confirmation from either TRON or Baidu.

TRON Launches TronGrid

Most recently, TRON launched a website known as TronGrid, which will toolbox for developers. As a result, it will assist them in being able to integrate DApps smoothly into the TRON ecosystem. The move somewhat similar to Ethereum’s Infura.

Technical Review – 4-hour Chart View

TRX/USD 4-hour chart

TRX/USD price has cooled over the past two days now. Following a large spike up to $0.027980 on 15th October, the price had headed deep into a known supply zone. This is seen tracking form around $0.02700 – 0.028500 range. As a result, sellers forced TRX/USD back down within an ascending channel pattern.  It has been grinding higher within this channel since the 12th October.

Given the cooling in price action, it is worth noting the support seen at the lower trend line of the mentioned pattern. Furthermore, comfort can be observed around $0.024850. A breach may see a very fast move back south, reversing the upside move from 12th October. This could see a drop down to $0.020670.

Looking to the upside, should this ascending channel continue supporting the price, as it has been. Then expect bulls to give the near-term supply zone another retest. However, this area has been respected since the back-end of September. It is evident that sellers remain camped within this territory, not an easy task for the bulls to break down. ­

Disclaimer: The author owns bitcoin, Ethereum and other cryptocurrencies. He holds investment positions in the coins, but does not engage in short-term or day-trading.

Featured image courtesy of Shutterstock.

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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4.5 stars on average, based on 31 rated postsKen has over 8 years exposure to the financial markets. During a large part of his career, he worked as an analyst, covering a variety of asset classes; forex, fixed income, commodities, equities and cryptocurrencies. Ken has gone on to become a regular contributor across several large news and analysis outlets.




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Stellar Price Analysis: XLM/USD Has the Potential for a Short-term Rally, Though Bearish Set-up Eyed

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  • Stellar’s XLM potentially has further room for upside, within the short-term view.
  • Danger still looms for XLM/USD, as the daily chart suggests of a bearish technical pattern set up.

Steller’s native token XLM, has failed to commit to any sustained trend. This has been the case since the start of July. Bull rallies that have been witnessed were quickly sold by the market bears. This led the market to trade within a generally long running form of consolidation. Price action is narrowing, given the unsustainable short-term trend runs that have been witnessed. It comes as somewhat of a surprise, as the Stellar foundation have certainly been busy.

Stellar Developments

It was reported recently, blockchain security company BitGo, announced their support of Stellar Lumens (XLM). Being added to the BitGo’s list, Stellar now receives custody solutions. Their users will be able to generate wallets for Stellar Lumens. This is said to be starting at some point within the next couple of weeks. Elsewhere, as previously reported, the Stellar foundation at the start of this month released their heavily anticipated decentralized exchange, StellarX.

4-hour Chart Technical Review

XLM/USD 4-hour chart

Looking via the 4-hour chart, price action has formed a bullish pennant pattern. This comes after the surge higher between September 20-23. XLM/USD has since entered consolidation mode, trading within a range-bound nature. The price is coming very much towards the end of this technical pattern seen, raising the case for an imminent breakout. Near-term support can be observed around $0.2350 area. This is the lower tracking trend line of the mentioned pennant. A failure of the support could very likely see a fast fall to $0.2050. XLM/USD was last trading in this territory between September 12 – 20. The mentioned period was during a time of consolidation, prior to the mentioned breakout higher.

Resistance is seen just ahead of the current price. The above descending trend line of the pennant pattern is tracking around $0.2460-70. Enough bullish momentum to see the breach would likely force the price running to $0.2650. This is seen as an area of resistance on the 4-hour chart view. Looking further to the north, eyes would be on the supply heading into the $0.3000 mark.

Daily Chart Technical Review

XLM/USD daily chart

Taking into consideration the 4-hour chart view, there is still room for another squeeze higher. Despite this, danger appears to still be looming for XLM/USD. Risks on the daily chart point to the downside. The view of this is that a longer-term bearish pennant pattern is containing the price. XLM/USD support on the daily chart can be seen just sub of $0.2000. A long-running supporting trend line can be seen. The price having required assistance on June 29 and several occasions from September 8 – 12. To the upside, resistance can be seen around $0.2900. XLM/USD was rejected already on a few prior occasions, by the above descending trend line. July 25-2 and then most recently September 23, all saw respective bull runs halted.

Disclaimer: The author owns bitcoin, Ethereum and other cryptocurrencies. He holds investment positions in the coins, but does not engage in short-term or day-trading.

Featured image courtesy of Shutterstock.

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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4.5 stars on average, based on 31 rated postsKen has over 8 years exposure to the financial markets. During a large part of his career, he worked as an analyst, covering a variety of asset classes; forex, fixed income, commodities, equities and cryptocurrencies. Ken has gone on to become a regular contributor across several large news and analysis outlets.




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Cardano Price Analysis: Imminent Breakout Anticipated, with Eyes on Another Bull Run

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  • The Cardano (ADA) price has been showing some promising signs, following the project’s 1-year anniversary.
  • ADA/USDT is near the end of a triangular pattern, which can also be perceived as a bullish pennant pattern.

Cardano a few days ago celebrated its one-year anniversary. It is still very much a new project to hit the industry. There are always new technologies and cryptocurrencies cropping up, so it is important to review what purpose do or are they going to serve. It does appear Cardano community members are looking forward to several upcoming developments from the foundation.

What Is Cardano?

Cardano is very much like Ethereum – a smart contract platform. The technology is much focused on scalability and security via a layered architecture. As such, it is the first blockchain platform to evolve out of a scientific philosophy and peer-reviewed academic research. A large innovation of Cardano is that it will balance the needs of users with those of regulators, and in doing so combine privacy with regulation. Its cryptocurrency is ADA, which is currently the ninth largest by market cap.

Recent Updates

The organisation behind Cardano, IOHK, has released a new project known as ‘Cardano Rust’. This will be a large helping hand to developers, who want to build products for its blockchain. The effort is essentially providing the toolbox for developers, with a library of functions that they can use to build their decentralised applications for Cardano and facilitate integration.

Technical Review

Looking at Cardano (ADA) technically vs. Tether (USDT), it is down a chunky 95% from the 1st January 2018. This move largely following suit of the general strong bearish trend, seen across the market. Since September, this price has shown some positive signs, and a willingness to make breakout from the bears paws. ADA/USDT produced a double bottom pattern on 18th September, which saw the take-off. It went on to gain over 50% up to $0.0939, from the low within $0.06 territory, moving into the $0.09 area. The price has since eased somewhat, but is still up over 30% from the mentioned low area.

ADA/USDT 4-hour chart

Current price behavior has formed a triangular pattern, as it narrows within this range-bound form. It is very much coming to the end of this, looking more and more likely to a breakout. This formation could also be perceived as a bullish pennant. The big bull run from the above-mentioned double bottom, provides the substance for the pennant view. Near-term resistance is seen just ahead at $0.0830, with support at $0.0797. Another test to the upper descending trend line, could see a fast breakout up towards the supply at the 23rd September high, $0.0939. Failure to see enough bullish momentum for a breach, could see a slip down to the below demand area, $0.0750-40.

Disclaimer: The author owns bitcoin, Ethereum and other cryptocurrencies. He holds investment positions in the coins, but does not engage in short-term or day-trading.

Featured image courtesy of Shutterstock.

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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4.5 stars on average, based on 31 rated postsKen has over 8 years exposure to the financial markets. During a large part of his career, he worked as an analyst, covering a variety of asset classes; forex, fixed income, commodities, equities and cryptocurrencies. Ken has gone on to become a regular contributor across several large news and analysis outlets.




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