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Cobinhood Founders Raises $20 Million for New Blockchain That Can Process 1 Million Transactions/s

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The founders of Cobinhood, (the zero-fee cryptocurrency exchange that riffed on popular stock trading app Robinhood for its name and branding), have successfully raised $20,000,000 from venture capitalist firm IDG and angel investors to launch the Dexon Blockchain.

Dexon is offered as an ultimate solution to the scalability issues plaguing many larger and more recognized blockchains, such as Bitcoin & Ethereum.
The founders claim that this is achieved through the use of a Blocklattice, as opposed to a blockchain.

According to the Dexon whitepaper, “On the Dexon network, blocks are grown by all nodes individually in parallel to each other and in a non-blocking fashion, creating a blocklattice structure.

No node has to wait for any other node as it extends its own blockchain, enabling unprecedented scalability. In order to achieve consensus in a blocklattice, there must be a mechanism to identify the validity and order in which all of these blocks are being produced.

This is accomplished by having each node broadcast the existence of the new blocks to all other nodes on the network once they have been produced. As other blocks receive the broadcast, they can perform an “​ack” or “acknowledgment​” that serves as a validation and timestamping for the creation of the new block.”

In Dexon, the consensus of the network is achieved by taking the median time that all nodes recognized a given block solved by a single node. By fragmenting this validation, the founders of Dexon posit that it is basically impossible to game the system.

After all, you would basically have to fool each node in the network into thinking they recognized a block from another node at a different time than they actually did.

But is this really the silver bullet to every blockchain’s woes?

Unlikely.

Vitalik Buterin originally coined the phrase, “The Scalability Trilemma.”

In this Trilemma, Buterin posited that blockchains can only have two of the following three properties:

1. Decentralization (defined as a system where each user accesses network resources more or less equally)

2. Scalability (defined as being able to process X number of transactions in a given amount of time for insignificant fees)

3. Security (defined as ensuring security against network attackers due to the inherent amount of computing resources needed to attack successfully)

After conducting deep research on the project, this analyst remains unconvinced that Dexon has solved this trilemma. That said, it remains a promising project worthy of attention.

To provide some context on the project, Dexon is laser-focused on blockchain mass adoption within the banking industry and for real-world application requirements. They believe that blocklattices will work together to form an infinitely scalable, low-latency, and decentralized transaction processing engine.

The Dexon team also timed the announcement of securing funding with the release of results from the network’s first transaction speed test, which clocked in at 50 blocks per second. This figure is estimated one million transactions per second.

To put that number into perspective, Bitcoin has a transaction time of 1-6 hours, while Ethereum takes 1-5 minutes.

According to Dexon cofounder and Cobinhood founder Popo Chen, “Clearly, investors believe in Dexons’ ‘blocklattice’ protocol, which is underpinned by consensus algorithms that allow for transaction speeds competitive with major credit card companies.

In fact, we hope to partner with these institutions, as we’re now able to offer the same processing power without a need for centralization. Other than Dexon, current blockchain protocols can only process a few secure transactions per second, leaving them unable to keep pace with traditional solutions.”

Another critical feature of Dexon is its native interoperability protocol so that other blockchains can easily interface with it. In its white paper, the Dexon team is highly critical of other interoperability solutions, such as Polkadot.

They describe the flaws in Polkadot’s model as, “The way Polkadot bridges transactions is by a c​ollator, which is nominated by n​ominators. A nominator’s voting right to elect a collator is bonded to Polkadot’s native token, making the collators among different blockchain systems stake-coupled. We argue that the stake-coupled model will not work in the practical world.

Taking one case as an example, if Polkadot’s market cap is 1B USD and the bridged total amount of Bitcoin amounts to 10B, then theoretically, any malicious party’s best strategy is to purchase enough Polkadot tokens to break the Bitcoin collator system and steal all funds stored in the collator-managed multi-signature Bitcoin wallet.

In reality, the value of bridged assets tends to exceed the bridging network’s total assets value, thus we conclude that for a practically feasible blockchain bridging protocol to work, the bridging protocol collator must be stake-decoupled from the bridging network’s token value.”

Dexon’s interoperability approach meanwhile uses a so-called PoA (or proof-of-authority) model.

According to the Dexon whitepaper, “the goal of the PoA model is to achieve stake-decoupled and fully decentralized bridging operations. To this end, there is a special type of contract called inter-chain bridging contract,​ which can be used to bridge transactions between different blockchain systems.

The inter-chain bridging contract is operated by an inter-chain ​bridging committee ​which acts as an ​authority​ to ​two-way peg the transactions in other blockchain systems. We call the members of the bridging committee bridging operators​.”

It’s important to note that the whitepaper gave no explanation of how these bridging operators are elected. This could be an important point of contention to watch if their blockchain truly will be the interoperability tool of choice. This is also the focus of this analyst’s contention that Dexon has not solved the “scalability trilemma.”

That said, the project is intriguing, and the focus on mainstream adoption is sorely needed in an ecosystem in which scalability is treated as a long-term problem to solve instead of a necessary roadblock to everyday use.

According to another Dexon co-founder Wei-Ning Huang, “With its fundamentally new architecture, the DEXON network is poised to become the world’s first mainstream blockchain.

Investors are recognizing that there is a problem with current blockchain technology and that the protocol most focused on throughput and scalability will form the basis of Blockchain 4.0. These tests prove that the blocklattice works and this funding are proof that investors trust Dexon’s strategy over the long term.”

Whether this network can truly scale efficiently remains to be seen. Although these early speed tests are promising, only the existence of large numbers of nodes will definitively prove if the network efficiency is sustainable.

The fact that the founders of Cobinhood are behind the project could also be a positive thing or a liability depending on your perspective. Cobinhood after all pretty shamelessly ripped off Robinhood’s name and branding in launching their crypto exchange.

This resulted in Robinhood sending them a cease and desist letter and releasing a public statement stating, “Robinhood has no affiliation with Cobinhood, which is confusingly similar in name and branding. In order to protect our brand, Robinhood sent a cease and desist letter requesting that Cobinhood cease its use of the Cobinhood name and branding.”

Cobinhood responded publically by issuing a statement saying “Cobinhood is not associated with Robinhood in any way, but are as legitimate as them.” Now, this claim is essentially laughable.

Although it is not necessarily fair to judge the technology of the project by the co-founders, it is important if only to remember that it will be a project strongly influenced by founders who have no issue ripping off other projects and lying to gain user adoption.

Although Cobinhood has since become a fairly useful exchange to use for the limited number of coins they support, it’s still not necessarily the cryptocurrency equivalent of a gold star to have their endorsement on a given project.

In conclusion, Dexos appears promising. If the networks’ speed test figures can maintain themselves as more nodes are added, they could be a real contender for a mass adopted blockchain. If.

Featured image courtesy of Shutterstock. 

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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Ethereum

Ethereum Hard Fork to Launch on Testnet in Early October

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Ethereum core developers have been feverishly working on Constantinople, which is the next upgrade of the network. According to a recent Ethereum Core Devs Meeting, devs will be ready for the hard fork release soon, and the hard fork of testnet Ropsten has been scheduled to launch on around Oct. 9. It could serve as a boon for the ETH price, which despite its recent rally could use another catalyst.

The Constantinople upgrade is phase-two of Metropolis, the first phase of which was the Byzantium fork. It’s expected to bolster efficiency and slash costs on the Ethereum blockchain. The widely watched as Casper technology, which is tied to increasing the scalability of the network, is planned during Constantinople.

The goal of the devs was to launch Constantinople ahead of Devcon 4, which is scheduled to unfold in Prague Oct. 30-Nov. 2. But they weren’t willing to do so if it “makes things unsafe” or “pushes people too hard,” according to the call. Dimitry, who was on the call, suggested it would be “a couple of months at least” before Ethereum forks onto proof-of-work chain Ropsten, pointing to the upcoming dev conference as the reason for the delay in progress.

Other devs chimed in, saying the timeline was “overly cautious” considering that Ropsten is a testnet. The devs tossed around the idea of creating a new testnet to replace Ropsten, but that was rebuffed. Ethereum Co-Founder Vitalik Buterin said on the call: “I’d argue that consensus issues on Ropsten happening from time to time is good because it trains an ecosystem of participants on how to react to them.”

The majority ruled, and the developers agreed to test the hard fork on Ropsten in the coming weeks, ultimately landing on the date of early October because there is a break in developer conference activity that week. They’re targeting Oct. 9 and will set the actual block number in a couple of weeks when it’s closer to being released to clients.

Block Mining Times

As for the release of Constantinople, the call host pointed to test cases at year-end 2018, either November or December, after which time the conversation turned to avoid launching the mainnet amid “crazy” block times. Average block mining times are currently hovering at a stable 15 seconds and Buterin doesn’t expect them to “get crazy within two months.”

He referred to last year’s Byzantium upgrade, saying the “general pattern is a doubling at the beginning every 17 days.” As a result, there would likely be a “more than three months of safety,” Buterin said. A wildcard, however, is Byzantium had the “backdrop of a rapidly increasing ETH price and hashrate” whereas now we don’t. As a result, it could take less time.

Featured image courtesy of Shutterstock.

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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4.6 stars on average, based on 60 rated postsGerelyn has been covering ICOs and the cryptocurrency market since mid-2017. She's also reported on fintech more broadly in addition to asset management, having previously specialized in institutional investing. She owns some BTC and ETH.




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SBI’s Ripple-Backed ‘MoneyTap’ Set to Launch Soon

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One of Japan’s largest financial institutions will soon launch a new consumer payments application backed by Ripple’s technology, signaling an important milestone in the quest to bring blockchain adoption mainstream.

Introducing MoneyTap

SBI Ripple Asia, a joint venture of SBI Holdings and the San Francisco-based Ripple, Inc. is preparing to launch the ‘MoneyTap’ mobile application on Android and iOS.

MoneyTap is the first major consumer-oriented application launched on the Ripple protocol in Japan. The app enables consumers with domestic bank accounts to send money instantly 24 hours a day, seven days a week using a QR code, phone number or bank account.

The new platform is powered by Ripple’s xCurrent, a solution that allows banks to instantly settle cross-border payments. Sources have yet to confirm whether XRP, the cryptocurrency launched by Ripple, can be used on MoneyTap.

As Hacked reported back in March, initial roll-out of the app will be accepted by several financial institutions, including SBI Net Sumishin Bank, Suruga Bank and Resona Bank. These firms are part of a larger consortium of financiers that represent more than 80% of Japan’s banking assets.

Ripple to Expand Commercial Application

In addition to MoneyTap, Ripple is planning to launch a commercial application of its cryptocurrency-focused product as early as next month, according to Sagar Sarbhai, who heads the firm’s Asia-Pacific and Middle East regulatory department. According to Sarbhai, the new product will be focused on xRapid, which offers low-cost liquidity for payment providers and other financial institutions.

“I am very confident that in the next one month or so you will see some good news coming in where we launch the product live in production,” Sarbhai said of xRapid in an interview with CNBC.

The xRapid technology relies on XRP to bridge currencies, which allows payment providers to process faster cross-border transactions.

Despite facing multiple lawsuits alleging XRP is a security, Ripple is riding a tidal wave of momentum from several high-profile partnerships with leading payment providers. Chief among them are American Express, Western Union, Money Gram and Santander. Ripple also has partnerships with more than 120 banks and financial institutions, especially in the Asia-Pacific region. Although not tied to XRP directly, these developments add value to Ripple’s blockchain technology, which could spearhead wider adoption at the currency level.

XRP, which was little changed Monday morning, is trading at a fraction of its all-time high. One unit of XRP is currently valued at just over $0.28, according to CoinMarketCap. The coin reached $3.29 on Jan. 3, according to CryptoCompare.com.

XRP has a total capitalization of $11.2 billion, placing it fourth among active cryptocurrencies in terms of value.

Disclaimer: The author owns bitcoin, Ethereum and other cryptocurrencies. He holds investment positions in the coins, but does not engage in short-term or day-trading.

Featured image courtesy of Shutterstock.

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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4.6 stars on average, based on 601 rated postsSam Bourgi is Chief Editor to Hacked.com, where he specializes in cryptocurrency, economics and the broader financial markets. Sam has nearly eight years of progressive experience as an analyst, writer and financial market commentator where he has contributed to the world's foremost newscasts.




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Fundstrat, Circle and Genesis Trading Execs Offer Market Insight

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Long-suffering crypto investors are finally getting some relief today, with the broader market gains surprisingly being led by Ethereum. The combined market cap is steadily approaching $200 billion while bitcoin’s dominance is back below 56%. Whether or not the market rally has legs and it’s the start of the bull run that strategists have been forecasting remains to be seen, but for now, the double-digit gains in many altcoins, not the least of which includes ETH, which is boasting an 18% increase, is a welcome sign.

Trading Dynamic

Ethereum Classic is hosting its 2018 summit in South Korea featuring one of the bitcoin bulls, Tom Lee, in addition to other industry leaders including Matt Beck of Grayscale Investments, Circle’s Jack Liu and Genesis Global Trading chief Michael Moro, all of whom offered their observations on the trading dynamic.

Source: ETC Summit/YouTube

If you need more proof that the crypto market remains in the nascent stages, consider that today 90-95% of the market is controlled by individual investors, not institutions, which is unusual for other asset classes such as commodities, as Genesis’ Moro pointed out. But that doesn’t mean that institutions aren’t placing bets.

Circle’s Liu pointed to a landscape in which early crypto investors who have amassed a portfolio may be looking to cash out at some point in time, while new investors who may have taken longer to be convinced to enter are there for the long haul. “You’re seeing quite traditional VCs/institutional investors take long-term bets on longer tail coins,” said Liu.

Bitcoin miners are also in the spotlight, given that the bitcoin price has managed to hold the $6,000 level despite the latest bout of selling, which is deemed the breakeven point for creating new coins. It’s a repeat of the dynamic of 2015 when the bitcoin price was similarly able to hold at 1x mining costs. Fundstrat’s Lee pointed out that contrary to popular belief, miners are not the ones unloading during the market downdraft.

“I think in a way miners are actually acting as a stabilizer. They’re not actually worsening what’s happening in crypto,” Lee said.

Based on anecdotal conversations with miners, Fundstrat gleaned that BTC miners are very aware of ROI tied to creating more coins. As a result, they’re more inclined to hold during the down times and sell when prices are higher.

Meanwhile, as the crypto market heads into the final stretch of 2018, institutional capital is the right custody solution away from entering the space. In the interim, crypto investing just requires more patience. “I think the next FANG is crypto. You need to just buy the quality projects and $1,000 will turn into … it’s probably going to be more than 1000x from here,” said Lee.

Featured image courtesy of Shutterstock.

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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4.6 stars on average, based on 60 rated postsGerelyn has been covering ICOs and the cryptocurrency market since mid-2017. She's also reported on fintech more broadly in addition to asset management, having previously specialized in institutional investing. She owns some BTC and ETH.




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