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A Beginner’s Guide to TRON (TRX) Cryptocurrency

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The following article is a re-write of content originally developed by Coincentral.com: What is Tron (TRX) Cryptocurrency? | Beginner’s Guide

Since the inception of the very first bitcoin in 2008 and right after the rapid increase in bitcoin’s price, numerous other cryptocurrencies including Ethereum, Litecoin, Monero, Ripple, etc have been launched and introduced to the gargantuan market of cryptocurrency trading. Among the thousands of cryptocurrencies available at the moment, TRON has gained considerable popularity in the last few months. This cryptocurrency was first introduced to the market as an initial coin offering (ICO) on September 9, 2017, by a Singapore based non-profit organization.

By definition, TRON refers to an open source blockchain-based protocol specifically designed for the digital entertainment industry spread across the globe. It offers a decentralized platform that shares various entertainment content by leveraging a blockchain and peer-to-peer (P2P) network technology.

With its official cryptocurrency Tronix (TRX), this decentralized platform aims to mitigate the plenary control of the internet by a paltry number of corporations such as Google, Facebook and  Amazon by handing ownership of the data pool to the user. As per TRON’s whitepaper, the sole purpose of this cryptocurrency is to become an asset for humankind rather than turning into a profit-making tool for cryptocurrency traders.

The Technology behind TRON

TRON incorporates a blockchain based peer-to-peer technology which basically means that like other cryptocurrencies, it is capable of eliminating the middleman. From another aspect, TRON’s technology is a distributed storage facility that allows its users to access entertainment content from every part around the world without seeking assistance from GooglePlay Store or Apple Store. As a result, the content producers are able to receive funds directly from the consumers quickly.

As a cryptocurrency platform, TRON is capable of supporting multifarious blockchain networks and smart contracts including bitcoin, Qtum, Ethereum, EOS, and various other smart contracts. With this innovative technology and Peiwo App, TRON has become the first smart contract blockchain protocol that possesses over 10 million wallet holders all across the globe.

Stages of TRX:

TRON incorporates several stages or phases as it implements multiple blockchain technologies. It is currently on Exodus stage but in the coming years, this cryptocurrency is supposed to incorporate five more phases:

  1. Exodus: This modus operandi of this phase is quite similar to that of IPFS (a peer-to-peer hypermedia platform that is capable of making webs faster). As mentioned earlier, TRON is currently in this phase and the principal objective of Exodus is to provide a simple distributed file sharing facility. In this phase, TRON cannot leverage any blockchain technology on its current platform.
  2. Odyssey: This is the second phase of TRON and it intends to incentivize the creation and early adoption of a propriety community of entertainment contain creators. The Odyssey phase will be similar to the proof of stake paradigm. In this phase, the scale of reimbursement for creation is linked to a metric which follows a tipping scheme instead of views or clicks. The reason for eliminating the click or view system is to ensure authentication. Clicks can be produced in a bulk if there is a click farm or automated body involved. In this phase, the users of TRON will be able to make transactions by using TRX via unidirectional payment channels similar to µRaiden.
  3. Great Voyage: The third phase of TRON will be a personal ICO based on the advantages of blockchain network. Income payment, dividend management, and management of supporters would be the three principal objectives of this phase. Great Voyage would be able to transform this cryptocurrency from “fan economy” to “fan finance”. To achieve these goals, a personalized blockchain platform of TRON would be created in this phase.
  4. Apollo: This phase will also exhibit similar characteristics as Great Voyage. Like the third phase, Apollo would also offer an individual ICO to its users and an Ethereum-like platform. In this phase, TRON will be able to launch its own tokens that users would be able to emply for decentralized trading. Through this decentralized trading, the economic vitality of the entire system is likely to be increased considerably. However, there is also a possibility of a slight ramification where the network would not be able to validate the uniqueness of every token individually. To prevent this situation, TRON is likely to introduce a sophisticated security system that would successfully obliterate malicious websites, Sybil attacks, and hack attacks.
  5. Star Trek: The fifth phase or the Star Trek phase is actually quite similar to the technology of Augur that is basically a gaming platform. In this phase, the content platform of TRON would be transformed into a decentralized gaming platform with autonomous gaming as well as predicting functions. As the current value of the global gaming market is more than $450 billion, this phase is likely to provide TRON the impetus it needs to reach a desirable market capitalization.
  6. Eternity: As the sixth and final stage of this cryptocurrency, Eternity would basically deal with the fundraising and monetize depending on the growth of its community. In this phase, the investors would be able to put their money in globally popular games.

The Advantages of TRX

The TRX cryptocurrency of TRON can provide the following advantages to its users:

  1. Data liberation: The users or data creators would have the fundamental ownership of the entertainment contents and other related data instead of middlemen like Google Play Store or Apple.
  2. Personal ICO: The liberty to dole out individual digital assets.
  3. Gaming and market forecasting: TRX comes with a distributed digital asset that allows market forecasting and gaming for the investors.

TRX Market Cap, Circulation, and Trading History:

At this very moment, the market capitalization of this cryptocurrency is circa $7.5 billion, which is a steep rise from its market cap $6.47 billion just a few days ago. As on December 18, 2017, Sun announced that $34.2 billion worth TRON token is locked up until January 2020. At the moment, 1 TRX is equivalent to $0.114084.

TRX Price Surge

Buying and Storing TRX

Interested traders can access TRX in exchanges like Binance and Liqui, where they can trade them for bitcoin or Ethereum. In exchanges like Bitstamp or Coinbase, TRON is also tradable.

For storing TRX, hardware wallets like Ledger Nano S or Trezor will be appropriate as TRX is an ERC-20 Token.

Conclusion

Although it’s still early days, TRON’s native Tronix token has shown significant promise to become a viable cryptocurrency of the future. The recent large upswing in its value suggests TRX could have a pivotal role to play in the overall market.

Featured image courtesy of Shutterstock. 

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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4.5 stars on average, based on 9 rated postsHira Saeed is a tech geek girl with a passion to write on latest technology trends. She is the Founder of Tech Geeks community in Pakistan and also runs her copywriting and social media agency, Digital Doers. Follow her on @heerasaeed.




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6 Comments

6 Comments

  1. BAGGYSPORT

    January 17, 2018 at 1:39 am

    A poorly written article for a subscription service ..I would need to see dates were is the company now its objectives has it reached each staged of planned objectives is it on track..this is a basic requirement for a beginner’s guide.nice try.

  2. Lakshmana

    January 17, 2018 at 11:21 pm

    “In exchanges like Bitstamp or Coinbase, TRON is also tradable.”

    How can I understand this? Certainly Bitstamp and Coinbase don’t list Tronix. Am I missing something?

  3. mariuspe

    January 26, 2018 at 1:25 pm

    Bitstamp doesn’t trade TRON. What kind of article did you write??

  4. LukeEm

    January 30, 2018 at 9:42 pm

    Shit article for a shitcoin. Case in point: you’ve used an image of the Exodus wallet in the section on this shitcoin’s “Exodus” phase.

  5. Herki1987

    January 31, 2018 at 8:27 pm

    Now is 157 th time in 2 months that i said to my self that i am pissing my money away subscribing to your shitposting

  6. mzl961

    January 31, 2018 at 11:50 pm

    Why not inform us on other coins with lower circulating supplies and much greater potential? IE APPC or AST?

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How Do BTC Transactions Actually Work?

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The advent of bitcoin has revolutionized the payment arena by removing centralized systems and the need for expensive and often convoluted intermediaries. To illustrate, let’s take a look at payments via traditional centralized systems and contrast them to bitcoin.

Centralized Payments

Payments via traditional finance channels are done though the help of intermediaries (financial institutions with certain roles and level of trust).

What are the features of such a system? In short:

  • reversible transactions
  • intermediaries take a percentage, which increases the cost of transactions and sets their minimum price, making it impractical to carry out infrequent and small transactions
  • the reversibility of transactions increases the cost of services whose services are irrevocable (the transaction was canceled. but we have already paid% of it)
  • since the payment can be canceled, the seller is insured, requiring more information from the buyer than is necessary
  • a certain percentage of fraud is inevitable

But what if there would be a payment system that allows any two participants to transfer funds directly, without an intermediary? The computational cost of canceling transactions will make fraud unprofitable, and escrow mechanisms will protect customers.

This is exactly what does Bitcoin based on the blockchain technology.

How Does it Work?

Information (block info, counter, and list of transactions) is recorded in blocks. When a block (its size is up to 1 MB) is full, a new block appears. The blocks are interconnected linearly, one after another in order, and each block contains information (hash) about the previous one. Therefore, if you wish, you can see the story down to the very first block.

We define electronic coin as a sequence of digital signatures. Person A sends the coin to person B, signing the hash of the previous transaction and Person B’s public key, attaching this information to the coin. However, how does Person B determine how many times Person A spent this coin? He should know that none of the previous owners signed the transaction before the one that is in the chain of the coin sent to him. For this, a time stamp is written in the block hash. It shows that at the moment specific data existed and therefore fell into the block hash. It turns out that only the first transaction is valid, so you can not worry about late attempts at double spending, the information about the first transaction was already there and, since it is recorded for all system participants, the false (later) will be rejected.

From the user’s side, the operation looks like this: Person A opens his wallet, enters the recipient’s address and the amount of 2.5 (for example) Bitcoin, executes the signature using the private key (the public key or bitcoin address is a unique personal address that is used in the chain, and everyone can see it, and the private key works as a password).

Inside the system, a transaction will have three pieces of information:

  1. Input. Record with details about where Person A has bitcoins.
  2. Amount. The number of transferred coins. In this case, 2.5 BTC.
  3. Output. Person B bitcoin wallet address.

Input and Output

As you probably understand, Bitcoins exist only in the form of transaction records in the electronic repository. For example, Person A’s balance consists of 1 BTC from Person C, and 3 BTC from Person D. All these are different transactions that were carried out at different times. In Person A’s wallet, the records do not merge into a single file with 4 BTC but continue to be stored separately.

For Person A to send Person B 2.5 BTC, the repository is trying to find a file with such a sum or combination of data to make 2.5 BTC. In our example, there is no operation with such amount, and they are not cumulative to get the required amount. Person A cannot break 3 BTC received from Person D (the sum of the input) since the system does not allow such division. Therefore, Person A has to send 3 BTC instead of 2.5 (output amount) for two transactions or two outputs: 2.5 BTC for Person B and 0.5 BTC back in the form of change. Of course, the user won’t see the difference and this is just a way of explaining how this works overall.

Featured image courtesy of Shutterstock. 

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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4.9 stars on average, based on 41 rated postsVladislav Semjonov has a legal and financial background. He has been involved in crypto space since early 2017 in both ICO advising positions in several ICO consultancy firms, and as an ICO analyst for VC. He began contributing for Hacked.com in April 2017.




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What is a Smart Contract? Here are Practical Examples

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Smart contracts

Even though there are very few newcomers to the crypto market now, I will provide some useful information on smart contracts even for those who have been investing in digital assets for a long time. After all, we all have knowledge gaps, and many definitions are very vague – especially as it pertains to blockchain and smart contracts.

What is a Smart Contract, Anyway?

A smart contract is a program that starts the execution of a specified result only when pre-specified conditions are met. In other words:

  1. The parties have determined the conditions and the result of their execution.
  2. When requirements are met, the smart contract will be automatically executed. This can be either the transfer of assets from one side to the other or the launching of a chain of any operations sequence.

The principle and most apparent advantages of this technology are the elimination of intermediaries and the resolution of the issue of trust which is an achievement of technological trust.

The first and most straightforward application of such a contract is multi-signature contract (i.e., multisig, escrow). Those parties who do not trust one another can freeze a certain amount of assets in the blockchain in such a way that, in order to spend them, a contract would require signatures of more than 50% of stakeholders.

Example 1

The contract execution mechanism is visible in the following example:

Suppose there is a contract for saving money initiated by parents for their children to use when they reach adulthood. Contributions can be made to the account, where funds can be returned strictly after 18 years. This contract accepts transactions, transfers money from the parent’s account and checks the timeline for a specified date (like 18 years). If it does, it transfers money to the child’s account. Miners, seeing the code of this contract, will execute it. If you do not need to do anything, then the state of the account will not change, and no transactions need to be performed. However, as soon as 18 years have passed, the miner will execute the contract code and receive a transaction returning the money to the child’s account – and write it in the blockchain. To avoid contracts that take money from accounts or DoS clients in endless cycles, each instruction of the contract costs a bit of a different currency (i.e., gas), which has a price in the currency of the network. Therefore, the execution of a contract requires money that goes to those who execute them and close the blocks (i.e., to miners themselves).

Example 2

The second example:

Another type of contract could be one that accepts bets on the bitcoin price on a specific date and then transfers the money to the winning party based on the result. How does a contract know a bitcoin rate when the time comes? After all, can’t the data be changed and faked?

Such problems can be solved with Oracles. An oracle is a conductor program that transfers information from external data sources to the blockchain, providing the necessary data to execute smart contracts. For example, an oracle can tracks stock quotes on the external web and transfer these data to the blockchain.

Oracles in smart contracts are a full-fledged industry in which many startups try to offer their solutions. Hacked covered this industry in the following article: Are Oracles the Ticket to Ethereum’s Next Bull Market?

Now smart contracts are widely used in the field of fundraising, such as in initial coin offerings (ICOs). As many investors know, ICOs have made their presence felt on many industries, such as financial markets (banking services, insurance, derivatives trading), supply chain management and logistics, accounting and auditing, registration of property rights, all sorts of voting, smart transport, digital identity identification and many, many others.

Unconditional advantages of smart contract technology are, of course, savings (due to the absence of intermediaries); immutability (since the prescribed terms of the contract are stored in a distributed registry, and no one can change them) and speed (when conditions are met, the process starts instantly).

The most apparent shortcomings are the susceptibility to bugs and the complexity of writing. Besides, the exchange of confidential data through transparent distributed registries is not suitable for many banks and large corporations. Also, problems of scaling and speed of transaction processing are still relevant.

However, overall, a smart contract is a significant breakthrough and a foundation of broader applications of blockchain technology. Smart contracts have proliferated the market via ICOs but their applicability extends far beyond that. Only time will tell if smart contracts disrupt other core areas of the economy.

Disclaimer: The author owns bitcoin, Ethereum and other cryptocurrencies. He holds investment positions in the coins, but does not engage in short-term or day-trading.

Featured image courtesy of Shutterstock.

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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4.9 stars on average, based on 41 rated postsVladislav Semjonov has a legal and financial background. He has been involved in crypto space since early 2017 in both ICO advising positions in several ICO consultancy firms, and as an ICO analyst for VC. He began contributing for Hacked.com in April 2017.




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Crypto Kingmakers: Evaluating Exchange Listings

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Cryptocurrency exchanges have long been considered potential ‘kingmakers’ for up and coming ICO projects both pre and post launch of crowd-funding rounds owing to reputation, trading volume and community value, as well as prior experience of shrewd coin selection.

Cryptocurrency exchanges are (at a base level) responsible for fostering liquidity in the market whilst providing competitive choices for investment consumers in the market: both with regards to the exchanges themselves as well as the diversity of the coins they offer for trade.

When a new token is announced for listing on popular platforms such as Coinbase or Binance for example: trends show an increase on interest as represented by value and investment potential. Whether this offsets the prohibitively high cost of entry incurred by such service providers however is yet to be proven.

Separating the Kings from Pretenders

2018 has not been a fortuitous year for many start-ups and underdogs.

Whilst data shows an overall increase in investment volume for new ventures, it also shows a significant failure ratio within these same figures. In fact, data published by tracking agency ‘ICORating’ suggests that a majority (55%) of these initial coin offerings have failed within just the second quarter of this current year.

Potential reasons for this include a ‘bubble’ effect resulting from the artificial inflation of token prices which in actuality hold little to no real value, inability to acquire funding or meet expectations, and the difficulty of gaining attention and penetrating a highly competitive space.

Considering the reported failure rate of ICOs at present, it would be reasonable to exercise caution when considering investment in any of the influx of new tokens on the market (no doubt exacerbated by recent decisions made by Coinbase).

A Utilitarian Perspective

This writer reccommends that you apply critical thinking, solicit the advice of experts and knowledgeable friends, do your own research and cross-reference it with those of pundits and your peers, and do not let anybody encourage you to make any premature decisions. This is all simple advice easily taken for granted, but timeless nonetheless.

We host our own series ICO Analysis / review articles at Hacked.com: articles that break down each project into its fundamentals: such as the strength of the team, technical theory and existing products, and other factors. All of these fields can be incorporated into your own research and analyses. Additionally, I myself frequently publish interviews with a wide range of leaders and experts.

If a coin has no real actionable purpose, inexperienced leadership, technical fallacies, poor communication, or any combination of the above plus more – then there is a good chance that said coin holds no real value, beyond they professed by its proponents.

Looking at Trends

We can’t predict the future, however there are some observable indicators and trends which could point towards the next coins to be chosen by top platforms.

After the PR nightmare surrounding Tether of late, there has been something of a rush of new contenders attempting to become the next stable-coin (a fixed-value token used for off-setting bear markets, or to be used as an intermediary. One of the most talked about of these is the Winklevoss twins’ ‘Gemini Token’.

Adjacent to the ‘Gemini Token’ is the unique investment orientated token from BitMart exchange entitled the ‘BMX Token’. Like a stable coin it can be used as an intermediary for exchanges with other forms of cryptocurrency, however it has the added benefits of affording token-holders discount on all on-platform transactions in addition to being able to stake these coins towards potential new coin listings in the future.

I have also frequently borderline evangelised Terra Virtua on this site and beyond.

As a disclaimer I have no holdings or stake in any of the above companies or tokens. Additionally, I possess a small and transient amount of Bitcoin.

Featured image courtesy of Shutterstock.

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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