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How to Hack

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How to hack

Hacking used to be a tool that government intelligence agencies utilized as a way of spying on other government agencies. Now many men and women from different walks of life and ages are learning the fundamentals of how to hack.

Learning How to Hack

Before venturing down the path of learning how to hack, it’s important to remember that becoming a hacker is not something that a person can become overnight. However, with time and a passion for looking at code, it is possible for an individual to hack like a professional.

This, in turn, could land you a job in security which covers a number of software issues ranging from exploit development to network defense.

hacker darkweb

Unfortunately, there is no hard-and-fast rule to learning how to hack. Instead, it will require a dedicated amount of reading on various programming languages as well as joining hacking community groups.

As the hackers in these groups will have been in your shoes at some point in their hacking careers, they will provide you with invaluable support and tips, giving you pointers on what you should and shouldn’t avoid.

Before starting, though, it may be a good idea to have some inkling as to where your interests may lie. Are you interested in detecting software vulnerabilities or maybe your interests lie in the security of applications? By knowing what you’re interested in beforehand will give you an idea of what area to focus on.

Code Programs

Of course, if you want to learn how to hack you will be required to delve into the world of coding programs. The key here, however, is to have an interest in the language of code. If you don’t, you’ll likely end up bored and will lack a fundamental understanding of how everything works, which is important as you develop your skills.

codes

To give yourself the best start, try looking at programs such as Python, C++, or Perl where you can learn basic coding. You should also look at operating systems such as Windows and Unix, which will aid your development and understanding of coding.

It should be noted, of course, that simply learning a programming code is not going to be enough to deepen your knowledge.

If you want to graduate from the title of script kiddie, you will need to research a range of topics and subjects on hacking. Research the history of hacking, databases, online privacy and security, and the Metasploit framework, which will aid your growth to become a hacking specialist.

Operating Systems

Next, you need to consider the type of operating system you are using and why. Just as you are learning the different programs involved with coding, you should also research into the different systems and tools that cybersecurity utilize. For example, consider looking at the open-source Linux build Kali, which is a provider of world-class information security training and penetration testing services.

Take a Course

Even though you may be reading and interacting with people through various hacking channels about how to get started, you may want to consider taking a course to cement the knowledge you have learned.

Udemy is a good place to start to better understand the fundamentals of hacking that delivers a step-by-step approach to simplified learning. Also, check out Hack this Site, which is a free, safe and legal training ground for hackers to test and expand on their hacking skills.

Stop, Look, and Listen

Understandably, as you acquire new hacking skills you will undoubtedly want to go and test them out in unchartered waters.

By mindful, however, that cybersecurity is a big issue and if you go digging around a network without the authority to do so, you may find yourself in trouble. You only have to remember the 2014 hack of Sony Pictures Entertainment or the 2015 hacks of the U.S. Office of Personnel Management, which compromised 22.1 million people, to know that cyberattacks have become more sophisticated over the years.

Interestingly enough, a McAfee report, Net Losses: Estimating the Global Cost of Cybercrime, found that it costs the global economy between US$375 billion and $575 billion each year.

Think About Contributing

As your skills develop you may want to consider offering your skills for the greater good. People who relish a challenge and have a deep knowledge of programming, systems, and computers should consider joining GitHub.

This is a good place to network with other hackers, developers, and enthusiasts and is the perfect location to improve your skills while helping to improve code.

Learn How to Hack Websites

The good think about learning how to hack is the simple fact that there are safe websites where an interested individual can visit to develop their hacking skills. One site already mentioned is Hack this Site, but there are plenty more to discover too.

  • Hacking Tutorial: Over at Hacking Tutorial a budding hacker can read short, technical articles that provide step-by-step instructions as to how to undertake a specific hack. While the blog may be small, you will find plenty of technical tricks to help you out.
  • Hack a Day: This is another handy website to have bookmarked. What’s great about this website is the fact that it focuses on hardware, so it allows a hacker to learn how to hack electronic devices by modifying it. For those who want to learn how to hack other devices, you can learn how to construct the electronics for that too.
  • EvilZone: Despite the fact that it might not be a website that sounds too attractive to consider, EvilZone is probably one of the biggest communities when it comes to hacking and security. As it is complete with people who have the knowledge and skills to answer any questions you have on hacking, it should definitely be one of the hacking websites you visit.
  • Hack in the Box: In spite of its simple homepage, HITB remains focused on ethical hacking and security. For those interested in reading up on content related to hacking and security they will find a wealth of content-focused articles. As the website doesn’t provide many inclusive articles focusing on hacks, HITB is more of a site for hackers to get their daily hacking news. HITB is available in a print version too.

Types of Security Attacks

As your journey of learning how to hack continues, you will come across the different types of attacks that you should be aware of. These are:

  • DoS: Denial of Service attacks. This is when a user or company has been denied access to a resource from a perpetrator using a single Internet connection.
  • DDoS: Distributed Denial of Service attacks. This occurs when attacks take place from a number of devices that have been connected are dispersed across the Internet. These can be undertaken by a number of people and/or devices.
  • Trojan Horse: This is a form of malware that presents itself as legitimate software. Once activated by an unsuspecting individual, cybercriminals or black hat hackers can steal valuable information and gain backdoor access to your computer.
  • Virus: This type of attack is another form of malicious software when the virus attaches itself to a program before replicating itself when executed. It can also modify a computer’s systems when it passes through.
  • Worm: A computer worm is a malware program that copies itself so that it can infect other computers.
  • Logic Bomb: This form of attack is typically malicious and is a programming code that has been inserted deliberately so that it can be executed under certain circumstances, such as a date, trigger, time, or action.

You can view a more extensive list here.

What Next?

Now that you learned the basics of hacking you need to decide why you are hacking in the first place. Hopefully, you will be hacking for ethical reasons; however, there will be others who hack for malicious reasons too.

Even though hackers, in general, tend to be tarnished with the same brush, it’s imperative that you appreciate that there are different groups of hackers.

What a newbie hacker should recognize is that the world of hacking is one of twists and turns; however, with the right attitude, dedication, and motivation, it can deliver a wealth of satisfaction through the challenge of solving problems for the greater good.

Images from Shutterstock.

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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Cardano (ADA) Has Big Security Boost as Trezor Ready to Support ADA

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  • Hardware wallet manufacturer set to support Cardano’s ADA, which is a big security boost.
  • ADA/USDT still demonstrates some near-term vulnerabilities to the downside. 

Trezor Set to Support Cardano’s ADA

IOHK were very much pleased to announce, that Trezor are currently undergoing preparation to support Cardano (ADA). Trezor are a globally known hardware wallet, which facilitates cryptocurrencies to be stored. They are renowned for the security and being able to store the key to the wallet safely. The company is a large manufacturer of hardware wallets. A huge boost in security for the foundation’s native token, something token holders should be pleased about.

The update came from the Cardano founder, Charles Hotkinson, via his Twitter account, indicating this could be the case before the month of November. Separately, Trezor themselves tweeted, “have you ever wondered what we are working on? Have a look at our newly created roadmap, where you can see all the new stuff that is coming up! https://wiki.trezor.io/Roadmap It lists other tokens which will be receiving support in addition to Cardano’s ADA that day. This includes the likes of Monero (XMR), Stellar (XLM), Ripple (XRP), Zencash (ZEN) and Zcash (ZEC).

What Next for Cardano?

The Cardano Founder, Charles Hoskinson, was recently speaking about how the team is going to be providing more insightful updates. He noted that they will soon start the creation and posting of videos with their future projects.

There is much anticipation from token holders regarding the imminent 1.4 update. Given Cardano’s growing number of users, this is said to be a large factor to the development of a new update from the foundation. This 1.4 update is expected to help Cardano gain further traction in bringing in more users to its platform and the use of its native token.

Technical Review ADA/USDT – 4-hour Chart

ADA/USDT 4-hour chart

Downside pressure continues to keep ADA/USDT at bay. The lack of announcement from Cardano with regards to its ecosystem update, as mentioned above, perhaps could be also taking its toll on the price. It is currently running within its 8th consecutive trading session in the red. No sign of bounce yet.

ADA/USDT price action remains stuck and dictated within this triangular pattern formation. The market bears, with the current losing streak, are set to test the key near-term support to the downside. This is seen at the lower part of the above-mentioned pattern, tracking at $0.0728 area, also within a touted demand zone. A breach potentially seen here, could see a very fast move back down to 18th September low area, around $0.0620. As a result, it is hard to ignore that the current technical set up, suggest of vulnerabilities.

In terms of resistance, this can be seen at the upper part of the pattern, tracking at $0.0800 mark. Enough upside momentum could see a breakout higher, back towards $0.0950 territory, price last within this proximity on 23rd September. Further north, any breach of the mentioned areas, $0.10000, will quickly be back in the picture.

ADA/USDT daily chart

To conclude as mentioned above, the near-term support $0.0728, is vital for ADA/USDT to hold. A failure of comfort here, could open the doors to a fresh wave of selling pressure.

Disclaimer: The author owns bitcoin, Ethereum and other cryptocurrencies. He holds investment positions in the coins, but does not engage in short-term or day-trading.

Featured image courtesy of Shutterstock.

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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4.5 stars on average, based on 54 rated postsKen has over 8 years exposure to the financial markets. During a large part of his career, he worked as an analyst, covering a variety of asset classes; forex, fixed income, commodities, equities and cryptocurrencies. Ken has gone on to become a regular contributor across several large news and analysis outlets.




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EOS Price Forecast: EOS/USD Heading for Another 300% Move?

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  • EOS/USD price action via the 4-hour chart view has formed a bullish flag pattern.
  • The price is moving around levels seen back end of March to early April, before a bull run of over 300%.

The past six sessions for EOS/USD have been erratic to say the least. It has been subject to a high amount of volatility, swinging aggressively in both directions. There has been a lack of commitment from either the bear or bull camps of late. As the market continues to trade with such behavior, it appears to be trying to find its feet, ahead of a potential chunky firm trend.

EOS DApp Hacked Again

An EOS based gambling DApp, EOSBet has been hacked, with $338,000 being reported as stolen. This isn’t the first time; just back in September, hackers managed to get away with a reported 40,000 worth of EOS, which at the time had a value of $200,000. It has been said that they were able to exploit their smart contracts, having found security vulnerabilities.

Technical Review – 4-hour Chart View

EOS/USD 4-hour chart

EOS/USD price action has formed a bullish flag pattern, which began taking shape on 15th October, after the aggressive price behavior stabilized. The bulls at the time ran the price well up into $6 territory. Consequently, it then met the breached ascending trend line, failing to move back above this area. This followed the sharp breakthrough to the downside, which occurred on 11th October. As a result, a drop of over 15% was seen, forcing EOS/USD to retreat in a demand area, within the $5.0000 level proximity.

Looking to the upside, small near-term resistance is seen at around $5.6100, which is the upper trend line of the mentioned bull flag pattern. A breakout will likely open the doors to a retest of the broken ascending trend line, tracking around $6.1100. Support can be eyed at $5.4600, which marks the lower trend line of the flag. Furthermore, should this fail to hold, EOS/USD could likely fall back down to the serving demand area, within the lower $5.0000 territory.

April 2018 Bull Run

EOS/USD April bull run

In April of this year EOS/USD entered a chunky bull run, gaining over 300%. From the back end of March until 11th April, the price had been stuck within consolidation mode. Resulting in the price trading within a tight range, at levels of where the price is currently seen today.

Something quite astonishing started to unfold. Between the period of 11th April to the 29th April, a bull run of around 290% was seen. Over this time frame EOS/USD went from $5.9500 up to a high of around $23.0811. The price is currently demonstrating a similar behavior to that of what was seen during the mentioned period. It is interesting to note that the price did have historical levels to break through, as it had already run higher during the period of December 2017 and came back down. Finally, this is not to say EOS/USD will observe the same bull run. However, it is an interesting observation to be aware of.

Disclaimer: The author owns bitcoin, Ethereum and other cryptocurrencies. He holds investment positions in the coins, but does not engage in short-term or day-trading.

Featured image courtesy of Shutterstock.

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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4.5 stars on average, based on 54 rated postsKen has over 8 years exposure to the financial markets. During a large part of his career, he worked as an analyst, covering a variety of asset classes; forex, fixed income, commodities, equities and cryptocurrencies. Ken has gone on to become a regular contributor across several large news and analysis outlets.




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“Mass Adoption is the Direction Things Are Taking” – Lionel Wolberger, CTO and Co-Founder of Platin

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Platin is a new blockchain token-based ecosystem which powers an infrastructure platform that incorporates a proprietary programming language (‘SolidityGEO’), all in the name of accomplishing a so-called decentralized ‘Proof of Location’ protocol.

We reached out to the team to find out more about how their solution works, the current state and future vision.

The result of this outreach was a warm reception from the company’s Chief Technical Officer (CTO) and Co-Founder Lionel Wolberger, with whom we discussed such topics as well as Platin’s: objectives, company ethos, and views on the current state of the crypto space.

Who is Behind Platin?

Lionel Wolberger’s experience with cryptocurrency and blockchain spans as far back as 2011, where he “spoke about it at Cisco Secure Video where our team of cryptographers included the inventor of Public Key Cryptography himself, Prof. Adi Shamir.”.

It wasn’t until two years later before Wolberger got the opportunity to professionally re-engage with crypto technology, when he participated in an experiment on behalf of the Internet Identity Workshop “and decided to study it more closely and see what it was all about.”

In 2017, Lionel Wolberger created Platin alongside co-founder Allon Mason when they “identified the potential for a secure and lightweight Proof of Location protocol on the blockchain.”. Wolberger met mason during academia at Cornell University, having

“always admired his drive and passion for the projects he has developed over the years, particularly XPLace an online marketplace with hundreds of thousands of users and multi-million dollar annual turnover.”

Wolberger also highlights the fact that the team is working alongside secure-location advisor Professor Srdjan Capkun (Director of the Zurich Information Security and Privacy Center, ZISC), which he calls a “privilege”.

“Dr. Capkun is an ideal advisor, as he sits on the major standards committees, and has an inside track to secure GPS and other important technologies associated with secure proof of location.”

What is Platin?

Whilst participating in the “’colored coin’ experiment’” for the Internet Identity Workshop, Wolberger had a fundamental epiphone with regards to his perception of blockchain and the purpose of cryptocurrency:

“it’s not about currency, but an asset tracking system of decentralized trust that could also provide the basis for so much more than just currencies.”

As such, Platin’s purpose is to provide a utility-token based platform which they (on their website) describe as a system for the “Geo-location of digital assets (cryptocurrencies, documents, images, etc.), anywhere on the map, anywhere in the world, in real time.”.

There are a wide range of uses for geo-locational software, from marketing to emergency broadcasting regarding critical events such as national disasters. Official use-cases include:

Lionel Wolberger lists, among the key values of Platin its hardware agnosticism as well as its interoperable nature.

“Interoperable refers to Platin’s protocol, that it is cleanly defined and independent, enabling it to work with many other products or systems, at present or in the future, in many possible implementations with few restrictions. This is achieved by having a clean interface (API, SDK) and is essential as Platin is needs to inter-operate with Android, Apple, many backend systems and blockchain assets.

“Hardware agnostic refers to one aspect of Platin’s Proof of Location protocol, its ability to work with any — all, i possible — geospatially relevant signal sources. This will certainly include GPS, cll towers and wifi, but will extend to BLE, LoRA, Ultrasound, indeed any signal that has relevance for a Proof of Location. This is achieved by having a clear definition of Proof of Location and how a device’s location relates to all this other data.”

Furthermore, the team is planning to implement cross-chain compatibility in the future, including Ethereum / EOS.

A Security Focus

Security is also a key concern and this is echoed in our interview as well as across the website for Platin. The company even mentions KYC / AML with its list of use-cases for the platform.

One way which the company seeks to achieve this is through the use of hardware cold-storage systems for the safe-keeping of all tokens, with their first wallet integration being TrustWallet. They also, according to Wolberger, are anticipating a future partnership with Ledger.

Lionel Wolberger claims that

“Platin has security and privacy baked-in from the start. Some features that reflect this approach include.

  • Platin’s architecture starts with individuals storing their own data, with blinded commitments shared to the network.
  • Platin’s functionality is “opt-in” based, reflecting a deep respect for our users as sovereign digital actors. You opt-in for the sharing of data, whatever you are comfortable with. The default is no sharing.
  • One of our Platin’s hires was a full-time cryptographer, and we are open sourcing our first zero knowledge cryptographic achievement: a ZK Range proof of bounded location. This shows our cryptographic and security passion.
  • Platin’s default pattern is “send the algorithm to the user,” rather than, “have the user send their data to the network.” Our Artificial Intelligence is privacy-preserving in this way.
  • Platin’s three pillars of security are orthogonal, working together to create a secure proof of location that would not be possible with any one of those pillars”

Geolocation and Geofencing

With use cases including retail shopping and other location-based rewards initiatives, Platin incorporates (and is responsible for the effective utilization of) specific technical and methodological processes pertaining to their geo-locational solution / protocol.

This scenario is made fully possible using a technology called ‘geo-fencing’ which is essentially, according to Wolberger, “An ability to restrict and define usage within the boundaries of their regulatory and legal jurisdiction.”

“imagine that a national supermarket chain airdrops coupon for 10% off certain items to celebrate the launch of their new store However, they do not want these coupons to be redeemable at other locations as they want to drive traffic to this new store.

“With a special smart contract, the coupon will only work within the geo-fenced area around the new store.”

Attempts at geo-location are most effective with both the consent and honest participation of both direct and third-party sourced users. Considering tech scandals surrounding personal and public data privacy & security, it has become increasingly difficult to encourage people to confide their personal data sincerely.

This is where rewards-based systems such as Platin come in.

Humanitarian Aid (A Use Case)

Another key use case cited, which Wolberger doubles down on in our discussion is that of charitable coin drops…

“We think it is incredibly important to focus on use cases such as humanitarian aid airdrops.

“While our technology has broad commercial uses, our team is passionate about seeing the project bring new ways to enable ordinary people use cryptocurrency, and an ideal win/win use case is the ability to transfer crypto to people who need assistance.

“Blockchain and cryptocurrency can often seem intimidating to people, but mass adoption is the direction things are taking. Platin wants to ensure that everyone can access and utilize this technology to utilize decentralized funds in a beneficial and potentially life-saving way.”

These partnerships include IsraAID (with whom theys already signed an agreement) in addition to the Swiss Red Cross (with whom they are currently in discussions), where Platin plans to further develop and test their systems and processes with regards to how they will integrate geo-location focused / geo-fenced cryptocurrency airdrops.

Another, tangentially related use-case is:

“the Tokyo Olympics airdrops… we are currently discussing the opportunity with our Tokyo-based partners.

“The Olympics has traditionally seen technological innovation, such as instant replay, virtual video graphics and most recently 5G deployments. This is the year of blockchain, and we look forward to announcing details once we are permitted.”

Final Words

All these features, aims and objectives are tied together by the fact that they are all built upon not only a proprietary – but also a home-grown programming language which third parties can leverage for their own projects when working on the Platin blockchain.

“SolidityGEO extends Ethereum’s Solidity language, GEOS extends EOS’s C++ language. These will equip our partners for fast onboarding into location proofs on the blockchain.”

SolidityGEO is what Platin calls a “location-aware language” created to help the utilisation and implementation of geographic demarcation for token distribution, rewards and airdrops. It will additionally include ZK-Snarks and Starks zero-knowledge proof mechanisms as well as general operating standards such as ISO and W3C.

Finally, with regards to the future:

“Proximity radio technology is being deployed steadily, without any loud publicity. 5G, RTT-enabled Wi-Fi, and IEEE secure proximity radio standards promise highly accurate distance readings via radio. The average person feels this progress in the slow spread of keyless entry–just having a key, fob or smartphone in your pocket to unlock a desired resource such as your car or home. Platin has partners in this space and there are sure to be exciting announcements in the next six months (though they will be quite technical, they will promise rapid progress).”

Featured image courtesy of Shutterstock. 

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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