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Trading 101

Trading 101: Trading vs. Investing

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A historic debate without a real purpose.

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Those who deal with financial markets professionally more often than not can be put into one of two categories: Traders and Investors. The main difference in the approach of the two groups is time-frame that they focus on. Traders deal with short-term fluctuations in the market, while investors tend to focus on long-term returns, through holding positions for years.

This difference leads to a certain, mostly unnecessary, ideological stand-off between traders and investors. Several value focused players simply don’t except that consistent returns can be achieved through short-term trading, while traders often think that holding on to positions through bull markets and bear markets is a waste of resources and profits.

On an interesting note, some old-school economists ridicule both camps with the simple, yet powerful “rule” that it’s impossible to beat the market, as financial markets are perfect discounting mechanisms, and the returns of the likes of Warren Buffet or Stan Druckenmiller (and countless others) are the product of pure luck.

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The similarities

The two approaches have way more in common than most investors or traders realize. First and foremost, both camps use the assumption that you actually can achieve excess returns by analyzing financial markets and financial assets. This means that markets are not “perfect” and irrationality is common.

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Without going into academic details, this has everything to do with the psychology of groups, investors tendency to act emotionally (fear and greed…), and the huge size of some of the players (banks, pension funds, insurance companies, and other institutions) that brings the real world far from the perfect environment of economic models. When you learn to trade successfully or learn how to pick undervalued companies, you simply acquire skills that the masses don’t have, while taking advantage of the flexibility of being an individual investor with a relatively small amount of capital.

Another important similarity is the need for discipline. If you are a value investor and you have to be ready to buy stocks (or any other asset) in the time of crisis and market panic (when the there is blood on the street…). You also have to endure losses, should the market move against you; in fact, if you are confident in your analysis, you should buy more, as your choice of investment just got even cheaper. When trading, you will have to be able to take small losses and let your winners run without going against your trading plan, or leaving yourself to the hope of “it will come back”.

The Differences

The real difference between trading and investing is in the way of looking at assets. For a trader every financial market is an opportunity; although lot of traders specialize in certain markets, the principles of trading can be applied to every traded asset. For example, the Japanese candlestick method, which is widely used in stock trading even today, was developed by rice traders several hundreds of years ago.

An investor, on the other hand, has to be familiar with the assets fundamentals, the business behind a stock, the supply-demand balance of a commodity, the macro situation of a currency and so on… Otherwise, calculating the value of a given asset is not possible.

This primary difference leads to the stark contrast between the methods of the two approaches. While a trader might analyze the price chart, the order book, market statistics, and various indicators, an investor will look for clues in the financial statements of a company, the structure of a countries economy, demographic trends, and countless other fundamental measures.

The Synergies

In this debate, those who are new to the world of financial markets and investments, have a distinctive advantage. What is that? Well, of course, it is the ability to realize that ignoring trading as an investor or investing as a trader has no point.

Who would deny that buying a cheap company that will provide dividends for the next 20 years is a great thing? Also, who would say that a high probability technical entry point that could lead to lofty gains in a matter of days is a bad opportunity? The answer to both questions is easy—those who already built up a bias towards one of the approaches. Don’t be among them, and use both trading and investing to reach your financial goals.

Some of the most successful investors (or traders) use some sort of a mix of the two analysis methods. It makes sense too, knowing the fundamental pressures of a given market could boost your trading returns, while timing your entry into a promising investment position might provide significant extra gains to you.

Keep an Open Mind but Always Know What You Are Doing

The takeaway is that as you progress as both a trader and an investor, you should be able to harvest the skill sets of both approaches without having to choose between them. That said, there are certain dangers of applying different sets of rules at the same time.

Mixing up trading and investing in a given position often leads to heavy losses. For example, if you enter a position with a trading setup, with a given stop-loss level and the asset moves against you, removing your stop-loss order “Because it will be a good investment!!” is simply rationalizing a move against your trading plan. Don’t give us wrong, you might get lucky, but odds are that you will end up with losses in the long-run because of these decisions.

On the other hand, there is nothing wrong with letting a winning trading position run, maybe after exiting a part of the original position, if it’s in line with your investment plan (think position sizing and portfolio weights). That, of course, implies that you did your homework regarding the asset as an investor before you started trading.

We will revisit this very lucrative opportunity (among many others) when we dive deep into investment strategies, but for now just remember that with conscious planning and good execution, the two approaches can easily work hand-in-hand, helping you in boosting your returns and significantly reducing your downside risks.

A Final Word on Passive Investing

These days, after 8-years of blatant central bank intervention, the financial world is all about the success of passive investments, which are often confused with value investing. This couldn’t be further from the truth. Passive investment is something totally different, as it means that you simply follow the market rather than choosing the most promising assets.

If you truly want to hack the system you have to look past the temporary supremacy of passive strategies, as it can pass without any warning. Taking the decisions in your hand and learning to use just the right trading and investment tools will help you succeed in any environment.

Previous article: Trends and a Basic Trend Following Strategy

Next article: Trend Analysis with Basic Charting Tools

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Education

Research an ICO (Initial Coin Offering) Like a Pro – Insider Information

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I usually write about Altcoins investing and trading. Right now I wanted to spill the beans on how I research an ICO. If you are not familiar with an ICO, it is a coin offering an altcoin does to raise funds to build the product or to expand their company/reach.

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Instead of doing an IPO as most traditional companies do, a lot of companies are now going ICOs. Why? Many reasons but I would say the top 2 are the fact that millions of dollars are being raised in a short amount of time as investors are trying to be a part of the new altcoin launches in order get in on the ground floor. The second reason is that investors that take part in an ICO do not own actual equity in a company, they are essentially just giving the company money in order to launch their product. In traditional IPOs, investors would actually own a small or large percentage of a company when they invest possibly giving them voting rights as well as actual company ownership.

Now I want to jump right into how I analyze and research an ICO. While some people start with the technology or the idea itself, I have to admit that I start with the ICO token metrics. First, calculate market cap to make sure they are not overvaluing themselves compared to other ICOs or existing altcoins.

Determine the Market Cap of the ICO:

  • Calculate the token price with this formula ETH Current Price/Num Tokens per ETH
  • Now multiply Token Price * Number of Tokens in Circulation (tokens sold in crowdsale + presale)

This is the company market cap roughly if the ICO sells all available tokens during the crowdsale. Take this market cap and compare it to the top 100 altcoins to see how the coin compares. If the market cap equals $30,000,000 then they would need to grow to $90,000,000 in order for you to make 3x your investment. Now go to Coinmarketcap.com and see what companies have the same market cap as this ICO. Ask yourself: Is this ICO as good as the existing altcoin and is it or should it be worth the market cap they are trying to achieve with the ICO launch.

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Now that you have determined that the market cap is good and that the altcoin has the potential to make you 3x – 5x your initial investment it is time to move on.

Read the Whitepaper:

Ask yourself these questions: Is the technology unique? Can this company survive/thrive without doing an ICO? What is the purpose of the token in the company ecosystem? Are they just creating a coin to profit in this ICO craze or does the coin serve an important purpose? How will the coin increase in value, is it based only on hype on exchanges or is it from it being used as a utility in the company? Does this company have competitors that may make this one irrelevant?

Research the Team:

First off, is the legitimate? Do they really exist on Linkedin, etc. You would be surprised how often the team members can be faked. Read the linkedin description to see if the team member is full-time with the ICO and if the ICO is even mentioned at all.

Research the ICO Advisers:

Are the advisers relevant to the ICO or are they just a shiny attention grabber? If you see the same adviser on multiple ICOs then their credibility/value to the ICO diminishes greatly.

Determine Level of Hype:

Don’t underestimate this step. An easy way to get a feel for hype and popularity is to google the name of the ICO. See how many mentions are in the google search results. Make sure you use exact matches such as quotes in the google search so that you don’t get results for the word ‘the’ or something generic. How many times are they mentioned on social media? The best way to do this is to go to buzzsumo.com and type in the name of the ICO. This will give you a results list showing content and mentions on Facebook, Linkedin, Twitter, Pinterest and how many times the content pieces were shared. Go to the ICO website and search for the websites, social media and chat programs where they interact. Some of the most popular are Slack Channel, Telegram Chat, Twitter, Bitcointalk.org, Reddit.com.

Check out their existing product and code:

For this step you don’t have to know programming or anything like that. You will just want to go to their Github.com account as this is where they will store the code for their project. You can see how often they update their code and how active they are developing. Also, do some research on their past products if they are an existing business that is just expanding by offering an ICO.

Research similar altcoins:

Go to Coinmarketcap.com and CryptoCompare.com and study similar coin charts. Of course, every company is different but you just want to get a general feel for the potential. Right now ICO investors are leaning towards investing in Protocols and Platforms such as 0x, Kyber and Raiden. Ideas that are needed to propel blockchain and cryptocurrency forward.

Good luck researching ICOs and may you see 3x – 100x returns. CryptoDayTrader, over and out…

Featured image courtesy of Shutterstock. 

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Cryptocurrencies

Make More Profit with Proof of Stake Altcoins – Ultimate Guide

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Here is a list of all coins that are Proof-of-Stake. Some of these coins get very little volume but I wanted this to be an extensive list of all coins that are proof-of-stake. The value of these type coins is that you can buy and hold any amount of the coin and you will get paid interest each year for holding them in an active wallet. The more coins you have, the more you make. Long story short: Buy the altcoin, hold the altcoin, make money from holding it each year.

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“Proof of Stake is a type of algorithm by which a cryptocurrency blockchain network aims to achieve distributed consensus. Unlike Proof-of-Work (PoW) based cryptocurrencies (such as bitcoin), where the algorithm rewards participants who solve complicated cryptographical puzzles in order to validate transactions and create new blocks (i.e. mining), in PoS-based cryptocurrencies the creator of the next block is chosen in a deterministic (pseudo-random) way, and the chance that an account is chosen depends on its wealth (i.e. the stake).”- Wikipedia

I will highlight some of the more profitable and well-known proof of stake coins and include a link to their website. This is meant to be an exhaustive list of all PoS coins as of 2017 and will be updated as new coins get added.

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  • AcesCoin (ACES)
  • AcesCoin (AEC)
  • Aegis (AGS)
  • Aero Coin (AERO)
  • Algo.Land (PLM)
  • Allsafe (ASAFE)
  • Ammo Rewards (AMMO)
  • ArchCoin (ARCH)
  • Ardor (ARDR)
  • Asia Coin (AC)
  • Atmos (ATMS)
  • Avatar Coin (AV)
  • AvonCoin (ACN)
  • BattleCoin (BCX)
  • BattleStake (BSTK)
  • BigUp (BIGUP)
  • BitBay (BAY)
  • BitCurrency (BTCR)
  • BitHIRE (HIRE*)
  • BitLuckCoin (BTLC)
  • BitMoon (BM)
  • BitOKX (BITOK)
  • BitVegan (VEG)
  • BitVolt (VOLT)
  • BitcoinTX (BTX*)
  • BitluckCoin (BTCL)
  • Bitradio (BRO)
  • Bitshares (BTS)
  • Bitz Coin (BITZ)
  • BlackCoin (BLK)
  • Blackstar (BSTAR)
  • BlitzCoin (BLITZ)
  • Boats and Bitches (BNB*)
  • BonesCoin (BON*)
  • CAIx (CAIx)
  • CabbageUnit (CAB)
  • Cardano (ADA)
  • CheckCoin (CXC)
  • Clickcoin (CLICK)
  • CoffeeCoin (CFC)
  • Coin to the Future (BTTF)
  • ColossusCoinXT (COLX)
  • CoolCoin (COOL)
  • CoralPay (CORAL)
  • CraigsCoin (CRAIG)
  • Creatio (XCRE)
  • Crowdwiz (WIZ)
  • Crypti (XCR)
  • CryptoCircuits (CIRC)
  • CryptoJournal (CJC)
  • CryptoPennies (CRPS)
  • Cryptokenz (CYT)
  • CybCSec Coin (XCS)
  • Dash (DASH) – Website: https://www.dash.org/ – Annual Return: Approx 7.5%
  • DeOxyRibose (XNA)
  • Decent (DCT)
  • DeltaCredits (DCRE)
  • Diggits (DIGS)
  • DigiCube (CUBE)
  • Digital Bullion Gold (DBG)
  • Draftcoin (DFT)
  • Dropcoin (DRC)
  • EGOcoin (EGO)
  • Ebitz (EBZ)
  • EbolaShare (EBS)
  • Exclusive Coin (EXCL)
  • Extreme Sportsbook (XSB)
  • FaucetCoin (DROP)
  • FazzCoin (FAZZ)
  • FindCoin (FIND)
  • FlyCoin (FLY)
  • Forever Coin (XFC)
  • FreeCoin (FRE)
  • Fuel2Coin (FC2)
  • FuturePoints (FTP)
  • GAIA Platform (GAIA)
  • GPU Coin (GPU)
  • GameBetCoin (GBT)
  • Global (GLOBE)
  • Global Currency Reserve (GCR)
  • GlowShares (GSX)
  • GorillaBucks (BUCKS*)
  • GrexitCoin (GREXIT)
  • GrowthCoin (GRW)
  • HealthyWorm (WORM)
  • HeelCoin (HEEL)
  • HiCoin (XHI)
  • Horizon (HZ)
  • Iconic (ICON)
  • Incrementum (INC)
  • InvisibleCoin (IVZ)
  • Ionomy (ION)
  • KryptCoin (KTK)
  • LePenCoin (LEPEN)
  • Let it Ride (LIR)
  • Limited Coin (LTD)
  • LuckyBlocks (LUCKY) (LUCKY)
  • Lutetium Coin (LC)
  • MacronCoin (MCRN)
  • MaieutiCoin (MMXIV)
  • MapCoin (MAPC)
  • MasterMint (MM)
  • MintCoin (MINT)
  • Mojocoin (MOJO)
  • MudraCoin (MUDRA)
  • Nas2Coin (NAS2)
  • Nautilus Coin (NAUT)
  • Navcoin (NAV) – Website: http://www.navcoin.org/ – Annual Return: Up to 5%
  • Nebuchadnezzar (NEBU)
  • NEO (NEO) – Formally Antshares, Website: https://neo.org/ – Annual Return: Approx 5.5%
  • NeosCoin (NEOS)
  • NeuCoin (NEU)
  • Neurocoin (NRC)
  • NewInvestCoin (NIC)
  • NoLimitCoin (NLC2)
  • Noocoin (NOO)
  • NuBits (NBT)
  • NuShares (NSR)
  • NukeCoin (NUKE)
  • Obsidian (ODN)
  • OkCash (OK) – Website: https://okcash.org/  – Annual Return: 10%
  • OldSafeCoin (OLDSF)
  • OmiseGo (OMG)
  • Opair (XPO)
  • OptionCoin (OPTION)
  • PSIcoin (PSI)
  • PandaCoin (PND)
  • PayCoin (XPY)
  • Persistent Information Exchange (PIE)
  • Phreak (PHR)
  • PIVX (PIVX) – Website: https://pivx.org/  – Annual Return: Approx 4.8%
  • PokeChain (XPOKE)
  • PostCoin (POST)
  • Power Ledger (POWR) – Website: https://powerledger.io/Annual Return: Not Sure
  • PrimeChain (PRIME)
  • Prizm (PZM)
  • ProCurrency (PROC)
  • Pulse (PULSE)
  • PureVidz (VIDZ)
  • QTUM (QTUM)
  • QoraCoin (QORA)
  • Quantum Resistant Ledger (QRL)
  • RadicalCoin (RADI)
  • Radium (RADS)
  • RadonPay (RDN)
  • Ratio (RATIO)
  • Red Pulse (RPX) – Website: https://coin.red-pulse.com/Annual Return: 5%
  • RenosCoin (RNS)
  • Resumeo Shares (RMS)
  • ReturnCoin (RNC)
  • Ride My Car (RIDE)
  • Rise (RISE)
  • RoyalCoin (ROYAL)
  • RoyalCoin 2.0 (RYCN)
  • Rubies (RBIES)
  • RubyCoin (RBY)
  • SARCoin (SAR)
  • SelenCoin (SEL)
  • ShortyCoin (SHORTY)
  • Signatum (SIGT)
  • SkullBuzz (SKB)
  • Specie (SPX)
  • Spectre (XSPEC)
  • SportsCoin (SPORT)
  • Squall Coin (SQL)
  • Stakecoin (STCN)
  • Stakers (STA*)
  • Stakerush (STHR)
  • SteamPunk (PNK)
  • Steps (STEPS)
  • SterlingCoin (SLG)
  • StorjCoin (SJCX)
  • Stratis (STRAT) – Website: https://stratisplatform.com/ – Annual Return: .5 – 1%
  • Subscriptio (SUB*)
  • TeamUP (TEAM)
  • The Vegan Initiative (XVE)
  • TrashBurn (TBCX)
  • TrickyCoin (TRICK)
  • TrumpCoin (TRUMP)
  • Turron (TUR)
  • UPcoin (XUP)
  • Ubiqoin (UBIQ)
  • Ucoin (U)
  • Ultimate Secure Cash (USC)
  • Universe (UNI)
  • Vcash (XVC)
  • Versa Token (VERSA)
  • Viral Coin (VIRAL)
  • WMCoin (WMC)
  • Wanchain (WAN)
  • WarpCoin (WARP)
  • WayCoin (WAY)
  • WealthCoin (WEALTH)
  • Wexcoin (WEX)
  • Wink (WINK)
  • XDE II (XDE2)
  • YobitVirtualCoin (YOVI)
  • ZeitCoin (ZEIT)
  • Zennies (ZENI)
  • deCLOUDs (DCS)

Featured image courtesy of Shutterstock.

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Trading 101

Trading the News in Cryptocurrencies

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bitcoin news

Cryptocurrency trading shares many similarities with both forex and stock trading. All of these assets can be traded with a range of different trading strategies, using technical analysis, quantitative analysis, and fundamental analysis. In this article, we will focus on fundamental analysis and how you can succeed with cryptocurrency trading by trading the news.

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In the stock market, we all know how news can impact stock prices. This is especially true for penny stocks, where one corporate announcement can make a huge impact on the price. The same goes for forex, which is largely driven by fundamentals in the long terms and technicals in the shorter term.

Cryptocurrencies are ideal for news trading

One can argue that the cryptocurrency space is better suited for news trading than the stock or forex market is. The main reason for this is the lack of institutional traders, including high-frequency traders, in the crypto space. This is a space that is still dominated by retail traders, meaning you stand a much better chance at profiting from news releases by reacting in a quick and smart way.

So, what are some important things we need to consider when trading the news?

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  1. Is the news fresh? You need to evaluate whether the news is actually news or if it is already priced in by the market. Look at how the price moved ahead of the news release? Did the news just confirm an outcome that was already expected by the market, or did it bring new information to the table?
  2. Is the news of importance to the price of the cryptocurrency? Is it likely to impact the price over the long-term or is it a one-time boost?
  3. Is the coin liquid enough to be traded profitably in the short term? How many people are actually following this coin and related news?

Let’s take a look at how this can play out in a real-world scenario:

Phase 1 – The first leg: The news has just been released and the first reaction in the price is already seen. This is your first opportunity to take a position in the market to profit from. If momentum and liquidity is good, you can take your first position here.

Phase 2 – New buyers are joining the party: After the initial euphoria has settled, you will often experience a move in the opposite direction. This is expected, and happens because all the traders who were ready to buy right away already got their orders filled at this point. The market now needs new buyers to join in in order to continue to rise. And more often than not, that is exactly what happens. As the word of the positive news in your crypto asset spreads, more and more traders are joining in, extending the upward move in the price.

Phase 3: The swing trade opportunity: Medium to longer-term traders are now eyeing the opportunity to make money from this asset that is “in play,” instead of the boring stuff they are currently holding on to that is not making them any money. This type of trader is looking for longer-term opportunities in coins that are trending. Once an uptrend has formed, they look to enter as early as possible and ride the trend up.

How long should you hold the trade?

The trend will persist as long as new traders are jumping on this opportunity. Usually, trends act as self-fulfilling prophecies in the way that the longer the trend has lasted, the more people will hear about it and join in on it. When we finally reach a point where the sellers outnumber the new buyers, the trend ends and the cycle may repeat itself in the opposite direction.

One way to develop an estimate of how long the trend is going to last and setting a target price is by using Fibonacci extensions. You can also study previous trends in the asset and see if you can spot any pattern. In all asset classes, crypto included, trends move in waves that tend to repeat themselves.

Personally I prefer to hold on to the trade until the market has given a clear indication that the trend has ended. Usually, I will let this come in the form of price breaking through one of the moving averages, for example the 20 day moving average when trading on the daily timeframe. That way, I don’t have to second-guess when I should get out of the trade, and I also never change this rule once the trade is entered into. It’s not so important what strategy you choose for getting out of the trade, but it is very important that you do have a pre-determined plan for getting out and actually follow through with it.

These strategies work just as well for crypto trading as they do in the stock and forex markets. As the legendary trader Jesse Livermore said more than a hundred years ago:

“The pockets change, the suckers change, the stocks change, but Wall Street never changes, because human nature never changes.”

Featured image from Pixabay.

Important: Never invest money you can't afford to lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here.



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