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Trading 101

Trading 101: 10 Essential Trading Rules for Rookies

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As we already stated, trading is more of an art than an exact science, but still, there are some rules that can help you in being consistently profitable despite the seemingly chaotic environment in financial markets. While some of the commandments below might be treated flexibly in certain cases, as a rookie, it’s best to follow them almost religiously. Why? Because the virtue of independence will come with experience in this field—and your experience will only build up if you stay in the game. These basic rules are vital for just that; assuring that you don’t make the mistakes that all too many traders already made.

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A great trader once said that for you to be successful you should lose all of your capital at least once. While this might be an exaggeration, it is true that learning to lose is an important skill in trading. That said, we are here to help you through those early, sometimes wild days of trading, by swiftly enhancing your skills and protecting you from the common errors of this profession.

Let’s dive into the most crucial rules!

1. Don’t hold positions that keep you up at night

In other words, mind the size of your positions. To be honest, this rule is probably THE rule of new traders. There are probably no traders out there who lost all of their capital by losing 50 trades in a row that cost 2% of the value of their portfolio, but there are thousands and thousands who blew away their account with 2 trades that took 50% of their capital. This is an easy filter— if you are excited about a position and you feel the urge to check it every hour, then there is a good chance that it’s too large.

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2. Get rid of your losers and let your winners run

This might sound obvious and easy, but believe us, the best way to spot successful traders is to look for green “Open Positions” tabs. Of course, from time to time you will have losers that stay open for a while (not hitting the stop-loss) but in general, your open positions should be winners.

3. Focus on the performance of your strategy not individual positions

Your success as a trader, in the long run, will be mostly determined by two things: the quality of your strategies and your risk management skills. Any single position will only be a small part of your long-term statistics. That said, experienced traders make concentrated bets all the time, but starting with large positions as a beginner is like trying to run a marathon after one training—it might work, but most likely it won’t be pretty. When you start trading, don’t look for “The Trade of Your Life” that will make you rich; it will lead to oversized positions and way too difficult decisions.

4. Trade in the direction of the prevailing trend

We already mentioned this rule in our previous articles, but it’s worth repeating; the best way to start trading is to trade when the trends on different time-frames align in one direction. Leave the reversal trades for later, when you are already confident in your strategies, risk management practices, and, above all, yourself.

5. Try to stay in trends as long as possible

Staying in a winner has the opposite effect than sticking with a loser; you become more confident, you will be making decisions easier, and what’s more, you are likely to stay in a trend that goes on for longer than you’d have expected. If a position keeps on delivering, the best thing to do is trying to stay in t while it lasts. A great way to achieve that is to take a part of your profits and leave a small position on the table. This way you can set a wider, trailing stop-loss (as your drawdown will be smaller) and, in a sense, “forget about” the position.

6. Don’t try to rationalize staying in losers

This relates closely to the previous rule, but it’s a very important one. In several cases, you will feel the urge to stay in a position that is getting near to your stop-loss level. What’s worse you will inevitably get into situations when the asset hits your stop-loss, just to turn back and hit your target without you. These situations will hurt your ego and make you regret following your strategy, but this is a dangerous road, and it can lead to serious losses. This doesn’t mean that you shouldn’t revise your strategies if this happens too often – maybe your stop levels are too narrow, and you should consider smaller positions – but the wrong answer is to start moving your stop-loss order because “it will come back”. This is just one of many ways to “escape” from taking a loss, but usually, they all serve one purpose: to protect your ego.

7. Never double down on losers

Another dangerous way of dealing with losers is to double down on them, buying more at lower prices or shorting more higher. This usually goes hand-in-hand with the excuse of “it’s now a long-term position”. While this can work once, twice, or several times, that just makes it even more dangerous. There will inevitably be a time when it won’t work, and it will be way harder to take a much larger loss. Even great traders can be caught in these kinds of situations, where they will simply lose their discipline and double down again, and again… Don’t be one of them!

8. Start trading with capital that you won’t need for at least a year

People mostly invest and trade to grow capital, to have another source of income, and eventually to be financially independent. As a beginner, planning on trading for a living is like trying any other profession without learning the skills required. Also, counting on instant profits from trading, or even worse relying on those profits, will put you under immense pressure. That pressure could very well be a game changer when learning the peculiarities of trading. If you follow this rule, you will be able to make decisions with relative ease, while being less exposed to markets when you are the most vulnerable. As you grow your savings and get more experienced, your invested capital will naturally grow together with your skills. This way, the mechanics of compounded returns will work in your favor.

9. Start trading with assets that you understand

Have you heard about time decay? No? Then probably you should avoid options trading. Does delivery date ring a bell? No? Futures might be tricky for you; you could even end up with a few barrels of crude oil. Jokes aside, this is a very important rule, as all financial markets have opportunities and traps that are essential for traders. Be sure to know the basic rules of trading, the commissions, spreads and other costs, the trading units, and the special features of your asset of choice before putting real money on the table. Demo accounts are great tools for getting acquainted with the different asset classes.

10. Don’t start your trading career with day-trading

A lot of new traders get lured by day-trading on forex markets, and lately binary options markets, because it’s easy to start trading in those markets, and after all day-trading seems exciting. But if you think about it, day-trading requires potentially tough decisions several times a day, and a beginner is much more likely to make bad choices, especially under pressure. Wouldn’t it make more sense to start with maybe only a few decisions a week before diving into the furiously fast world of intraday positions? We suggest that until you are not familiar with, at least, one asset class, while also having some experience in trading, DON’T start day-trading.

Following these general rules won’t be enough to transform you into a successful trader instantly, but they will help you in staying on the right track, while avoiding some of the biggest traps of this exciting profession. With these rules in mind, you will be free to experiment with different asset classes and strategies until you find the most suitable ones for you.

As you already know, investing is fundamentally different from trading, so next time we will go through the essential rules of long-term value investing.

Previous article: Trend Analysis with Basic Charting Tools

Next article: Charting Tools I: Support and Resistance Levels

Important: Never invest money you can't afford to lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here.



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Education

Research an ICO (Initial Coin Offering) Like a Pro – Insider Information

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I usually write about Altcoins investing and trading. Right now I wanted to spill the beans on how I research an ICO. If you are not familiar with an ICO, it is a coin offering an altcoin does to raise funds to build the product or to expand their company/reach.

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Instead of doing an IPO as most traditional companies do, a lot of companies are now going ICOs. Why? Many reasons but I would say the top 2 are the fact that millions of dollars are being raised in a short amount of time as investors are trying to be a part of the new altcoin launches in order get in on the ground floor. The second reason is that investors that take part in an ICO do not own actual equity in a company, they are essentially just giving the company money in order to launch their product. In traditional IPOs, investors would actually own a small or large percentage of a company when they invest possibly giving them voting rights as well as actual company ownership.

Now I want to jump right into how I analyze and research an ICO. While some people start with the technology or the idea itself, I have to admit that I start with the ICO token metrics. First, calculate market cap to make sure they are not overvaluing themselves compared to other ICOs or existing altcoins.

Determine the Market Cap of the ICO:

  • Calculate the token price with this formula ETH Current Price/Num Tokens per ETH
  • Now multiply Token Price * Number of Tokens in Circulation (tokens sold in crowdsale + presale)

This is the company market cap roughly if the ICO sells all available tokens during the crowdsale. Take this market cap and compare it to the top 100 altcoins to see how the coin compares. If the market cap equals $30,000,000 then they would need to grow to $90,000,000 in order for you to make 3x your investment. Now go to Coinmarketcap.com and see what companies have the same market cap as this ICO. Ask yourself: Is this ICO as good as the existing altcoin and is it or should it be worth the market cap they are trying to achieve with the ICO launch.

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Now that you have determined that the market cap is good and that the altcoin has the potential to make you 3x – 5x your initial investment it is time to move on.

Read the Whitepaper:

Ask yourself these questions: Is the technology unique? Can this company survive/thrive without doing an ICO? What is the purpose of the token in the company ecosystem? Are they just creating a coin to profit in this ICO craze or does the coin serve an important purpose? How will the coin increase in value, is it based only on hype on exchanges or is it from it being used as a utility in the company? Does this company have competitors that may make this one irrelevant?

Research the Team:

First off, is the legitimate? Do they really exist on Linkedin, etc. You would be surprised how often the team members can be faked. Read the linkedin description to see if the team member is full-time with the ICO and if the ICO is even mentioned at all.

Research the ICO Advisers:

Are the advisers relevant to the ICO or are they just a shiny attention grabber? If you see the same adviser on multiple ICOs then their credibility/value to the ICO diminishes greatly.

Determine Level of Hype:

Don’t underestimate this step. An easy way to get a feel for hype and popularity is to google the name of the ICO. See how many mentions are in the google search results. Make sure you use exact matches such as quotes in the google search so that you don’t get results for the word ‘the’ or something generic. How many times are they mentioned on social media? The best way to do this is to go to buzzsumo.com and type in the name of the ICO. This will give you a results list showing content and mentions on Facebook, Linkedin, Twitter, Pinterest and how many times the content pieces were shared. Go to the ICO website and search for the websites, social media and chat programs where they interact. Some of the most popular are Slack Channel, Telegram Chat, Twitter, Bitcointalk.org, Reddit.com.

Check out their existing product and code:

For this step you don’t have to know programming or anything like that. You will just want to go to their Github.com account as this is where they will store the code for their project. You can see how often they update their code and how active they are developing. Also, do some research on their past products if they are an existing business that is just expanding by offering an ICO.

Research similar altcoins:

Go to Coinmarketcap.com and CryptoCompare.com and study similar coin charts. Of course, every company is different but you just want to get a general feel for the potential. Right now ICO investors are leaning towards investing in Protocols and Platforms such as 0x, Kyber and Raiden. Ideas that are needed to propel blockchain and cryptocurrency forward.

Good luck researching ICOs and may you see 3x – 100x returns. CryptoDayTrader, over and out…

Featured image courtesy of Shutterstock. 

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Cryptocurrencies

Make More Profit with Proof of Stake Altcoins – Ultimate Guide

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Here is a list of all coins that are Proof-of-Stake. Some of these coins get very little volume but I wanted this to be an extensive list of all coins that are proof-of-stake. The value of these type coins is that you can buy and hold any amount of the coin and you will get paid interest each year for holding them in an active wallet. The more coins you have, the more you make. Long story short: Buy the altcoin, hold the altcoin, make money from holding it each year.

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“Proof of Stake is a type of algorithm by which a cryptocurrency blockchain network aims to achieve distributed consensus. Unlike Proof-of-Work (PoW) based cryptocurrencies (such as bitcoin), where the algorithm rewards participants who solve complicated cryptographical puzzles in order to validate transactions and create new blocks (i.e. mining), in PoS-based cryptocurrencies the creator of the next block is chosen in a deterministic (pseudo-random) way, and the chance that an account is chosen depends on its wealth (i.e. the stake).”- Wikipedia

I will highlight some of the more profitable and well-known proof of stake coins and include a link to their website. This is meant to be an exhaustive list of all PoS coins as of 2017 and will be updated as new coins get added.

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  • AcesCoin (ACES)
  • AcesCoin (AEC)
  • Aegis (AGS)
  • Aero Coin (AERO)
  • Algo.Land (PLM)
  • Allsafe (ASAFE)
  • Ammo Rewards (AMMO)
  • ArchCoin (ARCH)
  • Ardor (ARDR)
  • Asia Coin (AC)
  • Atmos (ATMS)
  • Avatar Coin (AV)
  • AvonCoin (ACN)
  • BattleCoin (BCX)
  • BattleStake (BSTK)
  • BigUp (BIGUP)
  • BitBay (BAY)
  • BitCurrency (BTCR)
  • BitHIRE (HIRE*)
  • BitLuckCoin (BTLC)
  • BitMoon (BM)
  • BitOKX (BITOK)
  • BitVegan (VEG)
  • BitVolt (VOLT)
  • BitcoinTX (BTX*)
  • BitluckCoin (BTCL)
  • Bitradio (BRO)
  • Bitshares (BTS)
  • Bitz Coin (BITZ)
  • BlackCoin (BLK)
  • Blackstar (BSTAR)
  • BlitzCoin (BLITZ)
  • Boats and Bitches (BNB*)
  • BonesCoin (BON*)
  • CAIx (CAIx)
  • CabbageUnit (CAB)
  • Cardano (ADA)
  • CheckCoin (CXC)
  • Clickcoin (CLICK)
  • CoffeeCoin (CFC)
  • Coin to the Future (BTTF)
  • ColossusCoinXT (COLX)
  • CoolCoin (COOL)
  • CoralPay (CORAL)
  • CraigsCoin (CRAIG)
  • Creatio (XCRE)
  • Crowdwiz (WIZ)
  • Crypti (XCR)
  • CryptoCircuits (CIRC)
  • CryptoJournal (CJC)
  • CryptoPennies (CRPS)
  • Cryptokenz (CYT)
  • CybCSec Coin (XCS)
  • Dash (DASH) – Website: https://www.dash.org/ – Annual Return: Approx 7.5%
  • DeOxyRibose (XNA)
  • Decent (DCT)
  • DeltaCredits (DCRE)
  • Diggits (DIGS)
  • DigiCube (CUBE)
  • Digital Bullion Gold (DBG)
  • Draftcoin (DFT)
  • Dropcoin (DRC)
  • EGOcoin (EGO)
  • Ebitz (EBZ)
  • EbolaShare (EBS)
  • Exclusive Coin (EXCL)
  • Extreme Sportsbook (XSB)
  • FaucetCoin (DROP)
  • FazzCoin (FAZZ)
  • FindCoin (FIND)
  • FlyCoin (FLY)
  • Forever Coin (XFC)
  • FreeCoin (FRE)
  • Fuel2Coin (FC2)
  • FuturePoints (FTP)
  • GAIA Platform (GAIA)
  • GPU Coin (GPU)
  • GameBetCoin (GBT)
  • Global (GLOBE)
  • Global Currency Reserve (GCR)
  • GlowShares (GSX)
  • GorillaBucks (BUCKS*)
  • GrexitCoin (GREXIT)
  • GrowthCoin (GRW)
  • HealthyWorm (WORM)
  • HeelCoin (HEEL)
  • HiCoin (XHI)
  • Horizon (HZ)
  • Iconic (ICON)
  • Incrementum (INC)
  • InvisibleCoin (IVZ)
  • Ionomy (ION)
  • KryptCoin (KTK)
  • LePenCoin (LEPEN)
  • Let it Ride (LIR)
  • Limited Coin (LTD)
  • LuckyBlocks (LUCKY) (LUCKY)
  • Lutetium Coin (LC)
  • MacronCoin (MCRN)
  • MaieutiCoin (MMXIV)
  • MapCoin (MAPC)
  • MasterMint (MM)
  • MintCoin (MINT)
  • Mojocoin (MOJO)
  • MudraCoin (MUDRA)
  • Nas2Coin (NAS2)
  • Nautilus Coin (NAUT)
  • Navcoin (NAV) – Website: http://www.navcoin.org/ – Annual Return: Up to 5%
  • Nebuchadnezzar (NEBU)
  • NEO (NEO) – Formally Antshares, Website: https://neo.org/ – Annual Return: Approx 5.5%
  • NeosCoin (NEOS)
  • NeuCoin (NEU)
  • Neurocoin (NRC)
  • NewInvestCoin (NIC)
  • NoLimitCoin (NLC2)
  • Noocoin (NOO)
  • NuBits (NBT)
  • NuShares (NSR)
  • NukeCoin (NUKE)
  • Obsidian (ODN)
  • OkCash (OK) – Website: https://okcash.org/  – Annual Return: 10%
  • OldSafeCoin (OLDSF)
  • OmiseGo (OMG)
  • Opair (XPO)
  • OptionCoin (OPTION)
  • PSIcoin (PSI)
  • PandaCoin (PND)
  • PayCoin (XPY)
  • Persistent Information Exchange (PIE)
  • Phreak (PHR)
  • PIVX (PIVX) – Website: https://pivx.org/  – Annual Return: Approx 4.8%
  • PokeChain (XPOKE)
  • PostCoin (POST)
  • Power Ledger (POWR) – Website: https://powerledger.io/Annual Return: Not Sure
  • PrimeChain (PRIME)
  • Prizm (PZM)
  • ProCurrency (PROC)
  • Pulse (PULSE)
  • PureVidz (VIDZ)
  • QTUM (QTUM)
  • QoraCoin (QORA)
  • Quantum Resistant Ledger (QRL)
  • RadicalCoin (RADI)
  • Radium (RADS)
  • RadonPay (RDN)
  • Ratio (RATIO)
  • Red Pulse (RPX) – Website: https://coin.red-pulse.com/Annual Return: 5%
  • RenosCoin (RNS)
  • Resumeo Shares (RMS)
  • ReturnCoin (RNC)
  • Ride My Car (RIDE)
  • Rise (RISE)
  • RoyalCoin (ROYAL)
  • RoyalCoin 2.0 (RYCN)
  • Rubies (RBIES)
  • RubyCoin (RBY)
  • SARCoin (SAR)
  • SelenCoin (SEL)
  • ShortyCoin (SHORTY)
  • Signatum (SIGT)
  • SkullBuzz (SKB)
  • Specie (SPX)
  • Spectre (XSPEC)
  • SportsCoin (SPORT)
  • Squall Coin (SQL)
  • Stakecoin (STCN)
  • Stakers (STA*)
  • Stakerush (STHR)
  • SteamPunk (PNK)
  • Steps (STEPS)
  • SterlingCoin (SLG)
  • StorjCoin (SJCX)
  • Stratis (STRAT) – Website: https://stratisplatform.com/ – Annual Return: .5 – 1%
  • Subscriptio (SUB*)
  • TeamUP (TEAM)
  • The Vegan Initiative (XVE)
  • TrashBurn (TBCX)
  • TrickyCoin (TRICK)
  • TrumpCoin (TRUMP)
  • Turron (TUR)
  • UPcoin (XUP)
  • Ubiqoin (UBIQ)
  • Ucoin (U)
  • Ultimate Secure Cash (USC)
  • Universe (UNI)
  • Vcash (XVC)
  • Versa Token (VERSA)
  • Viral Coin (VIRAL)
  • WMCoin (WMC)
  • Wanchain (WAN)
  • WarpCoin (WARP)
  • WayCoin (WAY)
  • WealthCoin (WEALTH)
  • Wexcoin (WEX)
  • Wink (WINK)
  • XDE II (XDE2)
  • YobitVirtualCoin (YOVI)
  • ZeitCoin (ZEIT)
  • Zennies (ZENI)
  • deCLOUDs (DCS)

Featured image courtesy of Shutterstock.

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Trading 101

Trading the News in Cryptocurrencies

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bitcoin news

Cryptocurrency trading shares many similarities with both forex and stock trading. All of these assets can be traded with a range of different trading strategies, using technical analysis, quantitative analysis, and fundamental analysis. In this article, we will focus on fundamental analysis and how you can succeed with cryptocurrency trading by trading the news.

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In the stock market, we all know how news can impact stock prices. This is especially true for penny stocks, where one corporate announcement can make a huge impact on the price. The same goes for forex, which is largely driven by fundamentals in the long terms and technicals in the shorter term.

Cryptocurrencies are ideal for news trading

One can argue that the cryptocurrency space is better suited for news trading than the stock or forex market is. The main reason for this is the lack of institutional traders, including high-frequency traders, in the crypto space. This is a space that is still dominated by retail traders, meaning you stand a much better chance at profiting from news releases by reacting in a quick and smart way.

So, what are some important things we need to consider when trading the news?

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  1. Is the news fresh? You need to evaluate whether the news is actually news or if it is already priced in by the market. Look at how the price moved ahead of the news release? Did the news just confirm an outcome that was already expected by the market, or did it bring new information to the table?
  2. Is the news of importance to the price of the cryptocurrency? Is it likely to impact the price over the long-term or is it a one-time boost?
  3. Is the coin liquid enough to be traded profitably in the short term? How many people are actually following this coin and related news?

Let’s take a look at how this can play out in a real-world scenario:

Phase 1 – The first leg: The news has just been released and the first reaction in the price is already seen. This is your first opportunity to take a position in the market to profit from. If momentum and liquidity is good, you can take your first position here.

Phase 2 – New buyers are joining the party: After the initial euphoria has settled, you will often experience a move in the opposite direction. This is expected, and happens because all the traders who were ready to buy right away already got their orders filled at this point. The market now needs new buyers to join in in order to continue to rise. And more often than not, that is exactly what happens. As the word of the positive news in your crypto asset spreads, more and more traders are joining in, extending the upward move in the price.

Phase 3: The swing trade opportunity: Medium to longer-term traders are now eyeing the opportunity to make money from this asset that is “in play,” instead of the boring stuff they are currently holding on to that is not making them any money. This type of trader is looking for longer-term opportunities in coins that are trending. Once an uptrend has formed, they look to enter as early as possible and ride the trend up.

How long should you hold the trade?

The trend will persist as long as new traders are jumping on this opportunity. Usually, trends act as self-fulfilling prophecies in the way that the longer the trend has lasted, the more people will hear about it and join in on it. When we finally reach a point where the sellers outnumber the new buyers, the trend ends and the cycle may repeat itself in the opposite direction.

One way to develop an estimate of how long the trend is going to last and setting a target price is by using Fibonacci extensions. You can also study previous trends in the asset and see if you can spot any pattern. In all asset classes, crypto included, trends move in waves that tend to repeat themselves.

Personally I prefer to hold on to the trade until the market has given a clear indication that the trend has ended. Usually, I will let this come in the form of price breaking through one of the moving averages, for example the 20 day moving average when trading on the daily timeframe. That way, I don’t have to second-guess when I should get out of the trade, and I also never change this rule once the trade is entered into. It’s not so important what strategy you choose for getting out of the trade, but it is very important that you do have a pre-determined plan for getting out and actually follow through with it.

These strategies work just as well for crypto trading as they do in the stock and forex markets. As the legendary trader Jesse Livermore said more than a hundred years ago:

“The pockets change, the suckers change, the stocks change, but Wall Street never changes, because human nature never changes.”

Featured image from Pixabay.

Important: Never invest money you can't afford to lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here.



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