Connect with us

Articles

Could a Warren Buffett Emerge Today?

Published

on

Could someone today do what Warren Buffett did and parlay a $105,000 investment into more than $50 billion?

In considering the things Buffett did to become the world’s wealthiest man, the answer is yes. But comprehending the things he did takes a measure of study. Not to mention the commitment needed to execute it.

Much has changed since Buffett began his career in the 1950s. But the American economic system is largely run by the same rules and principles.

Early Money Making Secrets

Buffett discovered two of his lifelong money making secrets early in life: reinvesting profits and being willing to be different, according to warrenbuffett.com. These are principles that would certainly be useful today.

In high school, Buffett and a friend purchased a pinball machine and put it in a barbershop. They used the proceeds to buy more machines until they had eight in different shops. When they sold the venture, they used the proceeds to buy stocks and start another business.

In 1956, Buffett began managing money with $100,000 he received from a handful of investors while working in Omaha, Nebraska. When he ended the partnership 14 years later, it was worth more than $100 million from investing in undervalued companies.

He is often characterized as advocating a “buy and hold” strategy, but further examination indicates this is an oversimplification of his strategy.

Buffett’s Investment Strategy

There are several aspects to Buffett’s approach to investing. The most basic aspects have to do with his assessment of stock value, known as value investing. Early in his career, he said he is 85% Benjamin Graham, known as the godfather of value investing.

Value investing determines the underlying fair value of a stock based on it is future earnings ability, according to Investopedia.

To guide his decisions, Buffett considers the business, the management, financial measures and value. While these considerations seem easy to understand, they can be hard to execute.

A key Buffett tenet is to ask if management is candid with shareholders. This is not an easy question for many companies to answer.

There are also concepts Buffett follows that seem complex but are actually easy to execute, like economic value added (EVA). The concept is not easy to grasp, but in fact it is a laundry list of adjustments. It is an easy way to calculate EVA for a company.

Buffett’s ideas are also open to adaptation. Traders often require adherence to a formula to control emotions, but investors can adapt their models to current environments.

Business Focus

Another Buffett tenet is to restrict his activity to his area of competence – businesses he understands. Robert Hagstrom, the author of “The Essential Buffett: Timeless Principles for the New Economy,” wrote investment success is not a matter of how much one knows, but how realistically one defines what they don’t know.

Buffett regards a deep understanding of the operating business as a prerequisite for forecasting future business performance. He first analyzes the business, not the market, the economy or the investor sentiment. Then he looks for a consistent operating history. Lastly, he uses the data to determine whether the business has good long-term prospects.

Focus On Management

Another Buffett tenet is to evaluate management quality. This is one of the most difficult tasks for an investor. Buffett focuses on the degree to which the management is rational. He considers management’s approach to reinvesting, retaining earnings or returning profits to shareholders as dividends.

Research indicates that historically, management tends to be greedy and retains too much profit. It is naturally inclined to seek scale rather than utilize cash flow to maximize shareholder value.

Another tenet considers management’s honesty with shareholders. Does it admit mistakes? Does management resist the “institutional imperative”?

Buffett seeks out management that resists a “lust for activity” and the duplication of competitor strategies.

Financial Measures

Buffett focuses on return on equity (ROE) as opposed to earnings per share. ROE can be distorted by leverage (a debt-to-equity ratio) and therefore be less reliable than the return-on-capital metric. Buffett recognizes this, but he examines leverage separately, preferring low-leverage companies. He also looks for high profit margins.

Buffett also looks at what he calls “owner’s earnings” – the cash flow available to shareholders. He defines it as net income plus depreciation and amortization minus capital expenditures (CAPX) minus additional working capital needs.

With owner’s earnings, Buffett pays attention to a company’s ability to create cash for shareholders.

He also has a “one-dollar premise;” the market value of a dollar assigned to each dollar of retained earnings. This metric resembles market value added, the ratio of market value to invested capital.

Focus On Value

Buffett tries to estimate a company’s intrinsic value. He projects the future owner’s earnings, then discounts them back to the present. The projection of future earnings is easier to do if Buffett’s other tenets have been followed since consistent historical earnings are easier to forecast.

Buffett also coined the term “moat,” the “something that gives a company a clear advantage over others and protects it against incursions from the competition.”

The Bottom Line

Buffett’s tenets create a foundation in value investing that is open to adaptation. It is an open question which tenets require modification in consideration of a future where consistent operating histories are more difficult to determine, where intangibles play a bigger role in franchise value, and the blurring of industries’ boundaries makes business analysis harder.

Focus On Staples

Many Buffett observers have noticed he has made a lot of money over decades buying stocks in goods used every day, according to CNBC. He is known for being reluctant to invest in technology — an area that may not fall within his comfort zone.

Many consumer goods companies have beat broader market averages in recent years, such as Coca Cola and Wal-Mart.

Buffett’s Ownership Role

Kiara Ashanti, a financial adviser and securities trader writing in Money Crashers, noted that Buffett has taken an ownership role in many of his investments. He buys enough stock to gain seats on companies’ boards. As a board member, it is possible to influence a company’s direction and its management decisions.

The key point is that to gain wealth, ownership is imperative.

Ashanti observed that Buffett is often mischaracterized as following the “buy and hold” model, holding a stock through good times and bad. Buffett buys for specific reasons. When such reasons end, he sells.

Ashanti agreed Buffett looks for good prices, good management and a competitive advantage. In 1996, he cited General Motors, IBM and Sears as great companies that could not stay competitive in their markets.

Buffett does not pay attention to daily stock prices or what the press has to say about companies. He sticks to his tenets, asking if the company is properly valued and if it is making money.

While there is more to Buffet’s strategy than “buy and hold,” it bears noting that he has gone on record as saying successful investing takes time, discipline and patience.

According to the website, warrenbuffett.com, Buffett offered the following 10 money making secrets.

1) Reinvest your profits.

2) Be willing to be different. Don’t base decisions on what others say or do. The average is what everyone else does. To be above average, judge yourself by your own standards.

3) Never suck your thumb. Make decisions fast. Gather any information in advance to make a decision, but make sure you stick to a deadline.

4) Spell out the deal before you begin. Bargain leverage is greatest before the job begins.

5) Watch small expenses. Buffett looks for businesses with managers who obsess over the smallest costs.

6) Limit your borrowing.

7) Be persistent. Tenacity and ingenuity will enable you to win against a better established competitor.

8) Know when to quit. Know when to walk away from a loss and don’t let anxiety cause you to keep trying.

9) Assess the risk. Asking “and then what?” will help you see the possible outcomes when struggling with a decision.

10) Know what success really means. Buffett does not measure success in dollars. At his present age, he said a person measures success by how many people you want to have love you actually do.

Images from Flickr.

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

Rate this post:

Important for improving the service. Please add a comment in the comment field below explaining what you rated and why you gave it that rate. Failed Trade Recommendations should not be rated as that is considered a failure either way.
0 votes, average: 0.00 out of 50 votes, average: 0.00 out of 50 votes, average: 0.00 out of 50 votes, average: 0.00 out of 50 votes, average: 0.00 out of 5 (0 votes, average: 0.00 out of 5)
You need to be a registered member to rate this.
Loading...

3.9 stars on average, based on 8 rated postsLester Coleman is a veteran business journalist based in the United States. He has covered the payments industry for several years and is available for writing assignments.




Feedback or Requests?

1 Comment

1 Comment

  1. thoth

    May 5, 2017 at 2:16 am

    Your forgot to add the bit about crony capitalism, It is unlikely another could mimic what he has done now because (aside from fed buying everything) people like him have the monopoly and enough political influence to keep it.

You must be logged in to post a comment Login

Leave a Reply

Altcoins

“The Core of Any Blockchain Project is Decentralization” – Jack Zhang, Lightning Bitcoin

Published

on

Lightning Bitcoin is a fork of the ‘first-crypto-currency’ Bitcoin about which we decided to take the opportunity recently to speak to advisor Jack Zhang (AKA DianfuDatou / 点付大头 – known best as a Founder of Chainfunder and DAF).

Discussion topics include: what makes this project unique, as well as how you shouldn’t get it confused is not to be confused with the Lightning Network upgrade which is being applied to the original ‘Bitcoin’.

Who is Jack Zhang

Jack Zhang (AKA DianfuDatou / 点付大头) is a Chinese investor, business leader, and entrepreneur whose “portfolio includes XRP, XEM, IOTA, NEO, EOS, TEZOS, VEN”.

Zhang proudly describes himself as “one of the leading advocators of Ripple in China” having “translated Ripple into Chinese as ‘ruibobi’” – as well as the co-founder of NEO. Please note that most sources ascribe this latter achievement regarding NEO to an ‘Erik Zhang’ and so this claim requires further confirmation – however this writer sees no reason for him to lie in this respect.

He claims that his first experience with cryptocurrency was in 2011, when he entered the industry himself having previously worked as an investment banker at companies such as Zhejiang investment bank.

“I bought more than 10 thousand bitcoins at the price of 5 dollars and sold all of them out at the price of 7 dollars. At that time, I remember how I was reading posts on Bitcointalk about blockchain for several months and got fascinated by the genius design of the technology.”

Zhang says that the Lightning Bitcoin team members “come from a diverse cultural background, including China, the United States, Canada, the UK, Russia, Germany, and India.” And that:

“Currently Lightning Bitcoin has four core developers (listed on the website) with a team of 6 specialists. Eason Zhao is a CTO and H.H.Wang is a leading developer.

“Lightning Bitcoin also has an operational team of 8 outstanding and hardworking people managed by Wasley together with a community manager James Vuitton… We have independent leaders for each directions of the business;”

What is Lightning Bitcoin?

According to Zhang, Lightning Bitcoin is “a coin that takes the best from existing blockchain titans and adds advanced consensus mechanism.”

“Lightning Bitcoin forked from Bitcoin blockchain at block height 499,999… Lightning Bitcoin (LBTC) is a fully decentralized Internet-of-value protocol for global payments.

“The specific applications include peer-to-peer transactions and exchange platforms. Any users that operate on the LBTC protocol can enjoy instant, secure and nearly free global financial transactions of any size.”

Lightning Bitcoin is far from the first (nor will it be the last) fork from Bitcoin. A number of observers have claimed that the correlation between new forks and over inflation of Bitcoin. Jack Zhang however sees it as follows…

“Back in 2017, Bitcoin blockchain started to face network congestions, and a lot of other problems, that is one of the reasons why there were so many hard forks popping up. However, all of them changed either size or difficulty adjustment, what in my opinion did not improve the situation. That is a consensus that makes the difference. Pow and PoS are easily centralized, while DPoS represents true decentralization. Moreover, DPoS has the benefit of high efficiency, with little resource consumption.”

This mechanism utilises the relatively young Distributed Proof of Stake (DPoS) protocol which this writer has written about in a recent article, despite its basis upon the Proof of Work (PoW)-based ‘Bitcoin’.

Zhang states that Distributed Proof of Stake “allows separation of the voting power and block production, with no risks of a hard fork.” In fact, the aftermath of the announcement of DPoS adoption coincided with the company taking on another of its advisors “Stan Larimer a founding partner of Bitshares… we found mutual interests, as a result Stan joined Lightning Bitcoin advisory board.”

“Lightning Bitcoin uses DPoS, with the forging interval of 3 seconds, and the block size of 2M. We have achieved the TPS of thousands of transactions.

“Anyone can use LBTC, without censorship. The transaction fees are charged only for preventing network security issues, like DDoS attacks. It is not an off-chain solution on top of the Bitcoin blockchain as Lightning Network. I personally believe that Lightning Network will face the problem of centralization eventually.”

Furthermore,

“Lightning Bitcoin’s on-chain governance system enables LBTC holders to vote for the blockchain improvement proposals and the delegates who maintain the network as Lightning Nodes. It solves the problems of centralization of bitcoin by incorporating all participants in the Lightning Bitcoin ecosystem into the decision-making process.”

Lightning Bitcoin vs Lightning Network

Due to the similarities in naming, it seems natural that there may be a little confusion on behalf of the public and crypto-investment community with regards to the differences between ‘Lightning Bitcoin’ and ‘Lightning Network’.

“There is some confusion, you are correct.

When Lightning Bitcoin forked in December 2017, for Lightning Network it was still unclear when it is going to be launched, since it was still at the internal testing stage; only after four months later, in March 2018 when Lightning Network released its beta, both projects started to be confused by users in some countries.”

This, according to Zhang, is actually a problem more specific / limited to region,

“In other countries, like China, lightning network is not that well-known, as well as it has different Chinese name, that gives us more room for the development in Asia.”

Present and Future of LBTC

“Currently, Lightning Bitcoin network is stable, we constantly improving its functions and adding more products.

“The next big step for LBTC that we are working on right now is the development of on-chain governance, that will allow the network to self-improve and self-upgrade.

“In the future, stable upgrades of Lightning Bitcoin network in combination with chain governance, and decentralized transactions will allow cross-chain flashovers and smart contracts… the exploration of the on-chain governance model will become one of the most important tasks in the current stage of LBTC.”

Zhang continues to discuss the future for the coin in-detail as well, including that:

“In short, after complete integration of on-chain governance, next milestone is the development of new decentralized exchange. It will be an important component of the LBTC payment function.

“This exchange will have both basic functionality such as flashovers function of the gateway, as well as a system to guarantee the ease of cross-chain operations. Additionally, it will have the function of early crowdfunding of project under the necessary supervision.”

Finally,

“After implementing and perfecting the decentralized exchange, the development of intelligent contracts based on the UTXO model will be carried out, and a high-concurrence-based public chain ecosystem will be established to guide the flow of DAPP traffic.”

Featured image courtesy of Shutterstock. 

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

Rate this post:

Important for improving the service. Please add a comment in the comment field below explaining what you rated and why you gave it that rate. Failed Trade Recommendations should not be rated as that is considered a failure either way.
3 votes, average: 3.67 out of 53 votes, average: 3.67 out of 53 votes, average: 3.67 out of 53 votes, average: 3.67 out of 53 votes, average: 3.67 out of 5 (3 votes, average: 3.67 out of 5)
You need to be a registered member to rate this.
Loading...

4.5 stars on average, based on 12 rated posts




Feedback or Requests?

Continue Reading

Altcoins

Encrypgen Offers A Low Risk, High Reward Opportunity

Published

on

Since the start of the year, crypto valuations have been collapsing faster than Kevin Spacey’s career.  For investors who entered the market a few years ago, it’s been painful but not deadly.  For those who entered the market at or near the highs, this bear market may have turned them off of crypto for a very long time.  However, one bright side of the current market is that some incredible values exist.  And one day these compelling values are going to make today’s investors boatloads of money.  While I’m keeping my eyes on several tokens, perhaps the most exciting crypto company is Encrypgen (DNA).

Investors love to claim that projects they are following or investing in are the most likely to succeed.  But despite the bear market, many coin price collapses have been the fault of the companies themselves.  Many companies have missed their own deadlines and/or adjusted the roadmaps to something less ambitious.  Encrypgen has done just the opposite.  They are meeting their deadlines and are on the verge of releasing a revolutionary platform in the field of blockchain genomics.

It’s well known that small cap healthcare/biotech stocks have the potential of generating the highest returns in the equity markets.  Of course, those high returns come with astronomical risk.  So what if I told you that Encrypgen could generate those kind of returns with only a fraction of the risk that typically comes with start-up science companies?  Well, I fully expect Encrypgen to do just that.

I mentioned the risk is only a fraction typically associated with these types of companies because at some point in the 4th quarter (probably much sooner rather than later), Encrypgen will release the full working version of the Gene-Chain.  The beta version is already live.  The Gene-Chain will allow researchers and scientists to purchase data directly from consumers using Encrypgen’s token, DNA.

In addition, a buy-now feature will be implemented in the platform.  This is expected imminently.  This game-changing functionality will allow researchers to convert FIAT to DNA tokens directly on the Gene-Chain.  Researchers will receive DNA tokens and Encrypgen will receive funds that will be converted to BTC so that the company can continue to operate, expand, and enhance their product offerings.

Anther reason why I consider the risk to be much lower than usual is that the company has already done a tremendous job of navigating the complicated regulatory hurdles.  Because of the sensitive nature of the information being uploaded to the Gene-Chain (consumer genetic data), it certainly is necessary for regulation to exist.  Nevertheless, Encrypgen has already dealt with that while other competitors, such as Nebula Genomics, Shivom and LunaDNA, are significantly behind.  I always prefer to invest my hard earned money in market leaders rather than followers.  And there is no question that Encrypgen is the current leader in this space.

Investors should also take note that Encrypgen currently has an ICO cap of approximately $3.1 million.  Based on some of the other valuations I’ve seen in the crypto space, that is a significant undervaluation.  A $3.1 million valuation for a market leader in one of the fastest growing spaces that is about to release game changing technology doesn’t make much sense to me.  I am expecting a sharp and rapid increase once the Gene-Chain is being used by researchers.  The opportunity to accumulate at these prices won’t exist for much longer.

Featured image courtesy of Shutterstock.

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

Rate this post:

Important for improving the service. Please add a comment in the comment field below explaining what you rated and why you gave it that rate. Failed Trade Recommendations should not be rated as that is considered a failure either way.
1 vote, average: 5.00 out of 51 vote, average: 5.00 out of 51 vote, average: 5.00 out of 51 vote, average: 5.00 out of 51 vote, average: 5.00 out of 5 (1 votes, average: 5.00 out of 5)
You need to be a registered member to rate this.
Loading...

5 stars on average, based on 1 rated posts




Feedback or Requests?

Continue Reading

Articles

Trans-Fee Mining: Investigating FCOIN and The Future

Published

on

Trans-fee mining’ is a concept utilised by a growing number of projects and exchanges which has not received much in the way of critical attention recently from either mainstream financial or specialist cryptocurrency publications.

The Fall of F-Coin?

Thanks to a company called FCOIN, most of the news which has appeared has been negative. Statistical information regarding the exchange can be found at popular aggregate ranking website CoinMarketCap.

Despite positive coverage earlier this year from the likes of Forbes’ Andrew Rossow, David Hundeyin of our sister site CCN.com wrote more recently that the exchange had been “Accused of Crippling Ethereum Network for Cheap Publicity” with a supposed aim of gaining publicity.

These pundits are joined by community members such as Reddit poster u/ltcisking (along with a large amount of other concurring, Google-topping results), who recently wrote a post aimed at proving such allegations, entitled ‘One of the biggest scams to ever hit Crypto’.

Twitter has also seen its fair share of investor complaints as well, including the following…

As well as the replies to this post,

What is Trans-Fee Mining?

Due to the unusual circumstances in which the ‘trans-fee mining’ sits (being supported by a number of independent projects despite the reputation of FCOIN): it is a difficult methodology to describe.

It builds upon the concept of the ‘exchange token’: which is most often associated with coins such as BNB (Binance Coin), which can be used for staking towards a particular crypto in the exchanges ‘community coin of the month’ program.

The original FCOIN implementation appeared to build upon this vision at first. The token’s value is derived from the fact that it has a stable value, and that it can be used on-platform (like BNB) as a means of purchasing other tokens whilst offering regular returns on investment for long-term holders of the token.

What is FCOIN Doing Now?

FCOIN has issued various statements which appear to support the sentiment behind the claims which they have faced. These include a recent August 14th post, with the telling title ‘FCoin community referendum end and recent plan publicity’.

Highlights of the piece include new objectives such as

“1.Complete and publicize the destruction of the remaining unissued FT.
“2. Complete the delivery of all FT warrants and withdraw the FT warrants from the market…
“4. As of the end of the referendum, the previous trans-fee refund will remain unchanged (based on the price of the FT related trading pairs before the suspension), and then, all the trans-fee refund will be stopped (including all return plans based on FT issuance).
“5. We plan to establish an FCoin mechanism and an announcement cleanup team. The team untied and improved the current FCoin mechanisms and standardized the release of various mechanisms in the future, and made a unified interpretation.”

At best, this may be an admission of fault, and at worst: an ambiguous and uninformative piece of messaging which fails to outline the situation with a strong brand or executive voice.

This comes in addition to a couple of announcements regarding ‘compensation planning’ with regards to investors who had “participated” in the fundraising of the ‘GU’ and ‘QOS’ tokens through their service.

The latter included the assurance that this process “compensation plan is an initiative taken by the platform to protect the interests of community user” concluded with the damning statement that:

“The FCoin platform has informed the QOS project parties and urged them to conduct self-examination of market price fluctuations and recent media reports as soon as possible. It is not excluded to take delisting and other related measures. The specific plan will be subject to the subsequent announcement. During this period, QOS will be temporarily suspended.”

Torch-bearers of Trans-Fee Mining?

Various claims of discrepancy against FCOIN’s actions as a company however, have not discouraged many projects which are attempting to build their own version of trans-fee mining. Whether or not they have been inspired by the short-lived success of FCOIN’s implementation is yet to be confirmed!

One of the most recent organisations which has decided to foray into this difficult and all-but-controversial territory is BitMart, an exchange founded by current CEO Sheldon Xia. Their approach is branded ‘Mission X’, and utilises their proprietary ‘BMX’ token.

“All transaction fees from the BMX market will go directly to the users who supported the project. In addition, successful projects will enter BitMart’s main trading markets.

“This program gives users the ability to decide which projects they want to be listed on the exchange, creating a self-regulated market.”

The platform piqued this writer’s attention upon noticing a disparity between public consensus and professional news coverage. Whilst the latter has published next to nothing with regards to the platform, a quick search of social media and communities such as forums seem to illustrate a positive and transparent image.

CoinEx was recently reported to have achieved unprecedented growth following the release of their token – however, like FCOIN have been called out for discrepancies. This time regarding the faking of volume metrics.

Final Thoughts

It appears that trans-fee mining as a concept is a long-way from earning this writer’s confidence, however it must be noted that there are many promising aspects. Time will tell whether talent will shine through or if trans-fee mining will fade out at the hands of opportunists.

What is important to note is that it is not the technology or idea, but the hands that are operating the machine incorporating it.

This writer cannot directly recommend the concept in its current state, but believes that the original idea is solid and if implemented in a viable way: would thoroughly warrant the full attention of any potential investor.

Until then, watch the community and keep an eye on the media – as well as word-of-mouth as this flawed-yet-promising idea is if nothing else, highly interesting!

Featured image courtesy of Shutterstock.

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

Rate this post:

Important for improving the service. Please add a comment in the comment field below explaining what you rated and why you gave it that rate. Failed Trade Recommendations should not be rated as that is considered a failure either way.
0 votes, average: 0.00 out of 50 votes, average: 0.00 out of 50 votes, average: 0.00 out of 50 votes, average: 0.00 out of 50 votes, average: 0.00 out of 5 (0 votes, average: 0.00 out of 5)
You need to be a registered member to rate this.
Loading...

4.5 stars on average, based on 12 rated posts




Feedback or Requests?

Continue Reading

Recent Comments

Recent Posts

A part of CCN

Hacked.com is Neutral and Unbiased

Hacked.com and its team members have pledged to reject any form of advertisement or sponsorships from 3rd parties. We will always be neutral and we strive towards a fully unbiased view on all topics. Whenever an author has a conflicting interest, that should be clearly stated in the post itself with a disclaimer. If you suspect that one of our team members are biased, please notify me immediately at jonas.borchgrevink(at)hacked.com.

Trending