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Segwit2x: The Hard Fork That Failed to Activate

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After a tumultuous two weeks, Segwit2x appears to be more like a distant memory. Industry sources have uncovered that as many as 150 nodes running the algorithm have stopped accepting transaction blocks. Although it’s impossible to declare a project like Segwit2x formally dead, the avenues for its implementation have quickly narrowed.

The stoppage limits miners from actually producing transaction blocks larger than the 1 MB standard. One Segwit2x developer implemented a patch to make it easier to create bigger transaction blocks, but this doesn’t appear to have motivated wider industry adoption. At this point, it seems like the proposed fork has run out of leg room – and the necessary support from the community.

Lack of Consensus

Backers of the protocol, which included miners, startups and other market participants, cancelled the fork on Nov. 8, citing a lack of consensus. The 2x upgrade was supposed to boost bitcoin’s transaction capacity, thereby making it more attractive for consumers. This was part of a broader initiative to make cryptocurrency more relevant from an payments perspective.

The Segwit2x protocol emerged from the so-called New York Agreement, a comprehensive scaling proposal that was signed back in May by a long list of market players. The agreement was followed by months of infighting, including a heated debate about which cryptocurrency would get the coveted BTC symbol.

Fork day was supposed to happen on or about Nov. 16. Not a single Segwit2x block has been mined since the anticipated fork date – at least, none that we know of so far.

Analysts have also noted that software bugs made the new algorithm’s implementation difficult to pull off well before expected fork day. This was especially the case for btc1, a Segwit note designed to diverge from the original blockchain.

That being said, the activation of Segwit2x in the future isn’t impossible, no matter how unlikely it may appear now. Some analysts think the fork’s backers could file their grievances by supporting another project with similar goals (those aren’t difficult to find, given the increasing demand for scalable bitcoin solutions).

The following chart provides a simple breakdown of what the fork proposed to achieve relative to bitcoin and Bitcoin Cash. A more detailed discussion on the matter can be found here.

Bitcoin (BTC) SegWit Activated No Increase in Block Size
Bitcoin Cash (BCH) No SegWit Activated Increased Block Size to 8MB
SegWi2x (B2X) SegWit Activated Increase Block Size

 

Market Response

The cryptocurrency market hasn’t taken the Segwit cancellation lightly. The decision to abandon the fork triggered heavy buying interest in bitcoin and its newly created alternative, Bitcoin Cash (BCH). Over the past two weeks, these coins have demonstrated inverse trading patterns, with BCH surging to levels that would have seemed highly improbable just a few weeks ago.

Both cryptos appeared more in tandem this week, although Bitcoin Cash traded at less than half of its record levels. Bitcoin, on the other hand, touched $8,000 on at least two occasions.

Disclaimer: The writer owns bitcoin, Ethereum and other cryptocurrencies. He holds investment positions in the coins, but does not engage in short-term or day-trading.

Featured image courtesy of Shutterstock. 

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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4.6 stars on average, based on 664 rated postsSam Bourgi is Chief Editor to Hacked.com, where he leads content development for one of the world's foremost cryptocurrency resources. Over the past eight years Sam has authored more than 10,000 articles and over 40 whitepapers in the fields of labor market economics, emerging technologies, cryptocurrency and traditional finance. Sam's work has been featured in and cited by some of the world's leading newscasts, including Barron's, CBOE and Forbes. Contact: sam@hacked.com Twitter: @hsbourgi




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ICO Funding Has Slowed to a Crawl; Bithumb Reportedly Eyes Security Token Offerings

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The amount of money flowing into initial coin offerings (ICOs) plunged in October to levels not seen since before the crypto boom took off in early 2017, as regulatory uncertainty and bear-market conditions continued to take their toll.

ICO Funding Plunges

Crypto startups managed to raise a mere $54.5 million in token sales last month, the lowest haul since March 2017, according to ICOData.io. That’s a far cry from the $1.66 billion raised in December 2016 and the $1.52 billion-dollar haul from this past January.

ICO funding has declined in each of the last four months following a decisive shift in market dynamics earlier in the summer. Tokens sales attracted nearly $913 million in investments in June; one month later, that figure had fallen to less than half.

For all of 2018, 1,150 ICO projects have raised in excess of $7.16 billion, easily outpacing last year’s haul. Although that still comes out to a respectable $6.2 million average raise per project, the amount of money flowing into the ecosystem has fallen sharply from peak levels.

Bithumb Pursuing STO Platform: Report

The fallout from the ICO boom has given rise to a new paradigm that seeks to address many of the longstanding issues plaguing token sales. The security token offering (STO) is a financial security that mirrors traditional shares in a publicly-traded company. STOs are governed by federal laws set forth by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), putting them in the same bracket as traditional securities. This includes specific consumer protection guidelines and rules for soliciting investment from the general public.

According to a new report from South Korea’s Yonhap news agency, cryptocurrency exchange Bithumb is planning to launch its own STO platform. Citing industry sources, Yonhap reports that the exchange has already entered into an agreement with SeriesOne, a U.S. fintech firm, to begin developing the STO exchange, which would allow it to list security offerings in the world’s largest economy.

Yonhap reports that SeriesOne is looking to launch the security token platform during the first half of 2019, with Bithumb providing necessary resources to operate the exchange.

“SeriesOne actively sought to strike a deal with Bithumb after assessing it as the most suitable partner,” a Bithumb official said, as quoted by Yonhap. “Bithumb will ramp up efforts to develop into a global financial firm as the blockchain-based asset tokenization is expected to spread globally down the road.”

A platform backed by one of the world’s largest cryptocurrency exchanges could entice more startups to register as a security and actively seek contributions from U.S. investors. Until now, blockchain companies have been hesitant about entering the U.S. market due to more stringent regulations.

Disclaimer: The author owns bitcoin, Ethereum and other cryptocurrencies. He holds investment positions in the coins, but does not engage in short-term or day-trading.

Featured image courtesy of Shutterstock.

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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4.6 stars on average, based on 664 rated postsSam Bourgi is Chief Editor to Hacked.com, where he leads content development for one of the world's foremost cryptocurrency resources. Over the past eight years Sam has authored more than 10,000 articles and over 40 whitepapers in the fields of labor market economics, emerging technologies, cryptocurrency and traditional finance. Sam's work has been featured in and cited by some of the world's leading newscasts, including Barron's, CBOE and Forbes. Contact: sam@hacked.com Twitter: @hsbourgi




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Is Goldman Sachs Finally Launching a Bitcoin Trading Product?

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After a full year of speculation, Goldman Sachs Group Inc. may finally be following through with plans to launch a bitcoin trading product. According to The Block, Goldman has already begun a limited roll-out of its new trading platform.

About to Make a Splash?

Citing sources familiar with the matter, The Block reported Tuesday that Goldman Sachs is already signing up new customers for a forthcoming bitcoin derivatives product. Although details remain scant, the New York mega firm appears to be pushing for a non-deliverable forward – a cash-settled product that is comparable to futures but isn’t traded on an exchange.

Last year, Bloomberg reported that Goldman Sachs was planning to launch a full-fledged bitcoin trading desk by mid-2018 in its quest to bring crypto trading to mainstream investors. The bank has since scaled back that timeline and has apparently done away with the concept for now. The trading desk was initially conceived to support physical cryptoassets, including bitcoin. Although the bank has been involved in clearing bitcoin futures contracts that trade on CBOE and CME, Goldman announced back in August that it had “not reached a conclusion on the scope of our digital asset offering.”

Rumors linking Goldman Sachs to crypto offerings continue to swirl. Earlier this month, Abacus Journal reported that the bank was actively seeking the creation of an Ethereum derivatives product that would serve many of the same functions described above with respect to bitcoin. According to The Block, those rumors are not accurate.

Institutional Adoption

Putting digital assets in the hands of institutional markets is considered by many to be the greatest hurdle standing in the way of mass adoption. This line of reasoning also believes that institutional access to the market, whether physical or derivatives-based, could spearhead the next wave of growth. While significant efforts have already been made to democratize cryptocurrencies and temper fears over custody and consumer protection, adoption at the institutional level remains limited.

Intercontinental Exchange (ICE) is launching its new cryptocurrency trading platform, Bakkt, in mid-December. The platform will initially offer physically settled bitcoin futures contracts as opposed to the derivatives contracts currently offered by the Chicago-based clearing houses. This means traders who purchase a futures contract will receive physical bitcoin on settlement.

ICE’s foray into cryptocurrencies could be a significant step in the market’s gradual pivot toward institutional investment. In the absence of a bitcoin exchange-traded fund (ETF), physical futures could serve as a promising alternative for investors looking to diversify into crypto without the risk of trading on a virtual exchange.

Disclaimer: The author owns bitcoin, Ethereum and other cryptocurrencies. He holds investment positions in the coins, but does not engage in short-term or day-trading.

Featured image courtesy of Shutterstock.

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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4.6 stars on average, based on 664 rated postsSam Bourgi is Chief Editor to Hacked.com, where he leads content development for one of the world's foremost cryptocurrency resources. Over the past eight years Sam has authored more than 10,000 articles and over 40 whitepapers in the fields of labor market economics, emerging technologies, cryptocurrency and traditional finance. Sam's work has been featured in and cited by some of the world's leading newscasts, including Barron's, CBOE and Forbes. Contact: sam@hacked.com Twitter: @hsbourgi




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Crypto M&A: Bitstamp Acquired by Belgian Investment Firm

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UK-based Bitstamp, which is the largest crypto exchange in the European Union, is being acquired by Brussels-based investment firm NXMH. Bitstamp, whose trading volume hovers at approximately $45 million over the last 24 hours and which only supports leading cryptocurrencies, will keep its management team and vision intact. The deal is a sign of shifting sands in the blockchain industry during a year in which market prices and trading volumes have plummeted.

Bitstamp’s reasons for being acquired are three-pronged:

  • “quality of the buyer”
  • “quality of the offer”
  • “the industry is at a point where consolidation makes sense”

According to Reuters, it’s an “all-cash deal”, the size of which is being held close to the vest. Bitstamp reportedly boasted a valuation of $60 million as of 2016. Bitstamp will gain access to the deep pockets of NXMH, which reportedly has AUM of EUR 2 billion and which should only strengthen the exchange’s competitive position. NXMH, whose investment approach focuses on China, Korea and Japan, is no stranger to crypto, with its parent company NXC having acquired South Korea’s Korbit exchange last year.  NXMH is acquiring a majority stake of 80% while Bitstamp CEO Nejc Kodrič will hold into 10%, according to Reuters.

Further industry consolidation could unfold with exchanges buying exchanges or there could be a trend emerging in which investment companies acquire minority and majority stakes. Bitstamp reportedly has been being courted by potential buyers since mid-2017, which suggests that other exchanges are similarly being pursued. Meanwhile, leading U.S. crypto exchange Coinbase is reportedly pursuing an IPO, though no signs of a public listing could be found.

With the BTC price having shaved off more than 50% of its value this year, exchanges are experiencing lower trading volumes versus a year ago, which no doubt has eaten into profits. Reuters reports Bitstamp’s daily turnover at $100 million, but CoinMarketCap suggests it’s less than half that amount. Bitstamp, whose humble beginning sounds a lot like that of Microsoft, having been “founded in a garage with two laptops and EUR 1,000 seven years ago,” maintains that the integrity of the exchange will remain the same.

One Step Forward, Two Steps Back

For all the progress that the industry has made, there are signs of an apparent “exit scam” unfolding on a small Canadian crypto exchange dubbed MapleChange over the weekend. If that proves to be the case, it’s two steps forward one step back for a crypto community that has worked to remove the stigma attached to the nascent industry.

Featured image courtesy of Shutterstock.

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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4.6 stars on average, based on 70 rated postsGerelyn has been covering ICOs and the cryptocurrency market since mid-2017. She's also reported on fintech more broadly in addition to asset management, having previously specialized in institutional investing. She owns some BTC and ETH.




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