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Research an ICO (Initial Coin Offering) Like a Pro – Insider Information

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I usually write about Altcoins investing and trading. Right now I wanted to spill the beans on how I research an ICO. If you are not familiar with an ICO, it is a coin offering an altcoin does to raise funds to build the product or to expand their company/reach.

Instead of doing an IPO as most traditional companies do, a lot of companies are now going ICOs. Why? Many reasons but I would say the top 2 are the fact that millions of dollars are being raised in a short amount of time as investors are trying to be a part of the new altcoin launches in order get in on the ground floor. The second reason is that investors that take part in an ICO do not own actual equity in a company, they are essentially just giving the company money in order to launch their product. In traditional IPOs, investors would actually own a small or large percentage of a company when they invest possibly giving them voting rights as well as actual company ownership.

Now I want to jump right into how I analyze and research an ICO. While some people start with the technology or the idea itself, I have to admit that I start with the ICO token metrics. First, calculate market cap to make sure they are not overvaluing themselves compared to other ICOs or existing altcoins.

Determine the Market Cap of the ICO:

  • Calculate the token price with this formula ETH Current Price/Num Tokens per ETH
  • Now multiply Token Price * Number of Tokens in Circulation (tokens sold in crowdsale + presale)

This is the company market cap roughly if the ICO sells all available tokens during the crowdsale. Take this market cap and compare it to the top 100 altcoins to see how the coin compares. If the market cap equals $30,000,000 then they would need to grow to $90,000,000 in order for you to make 3x your investment. Now go to Coinmarketcap.com and see what companies have the same market cap as this ICO. Ask yourself: Is this ICO as good as the existing altcoin and is it or should it be worth the market cap they are trying to achieve with the ICO launch.

Now that you have determined that the market cap is good and that the altcoin has the potential to make you 3x – 5x your initial investment it is time to move on.

Read the Whitepaper:

Ask yourself these questions: Is the technology unique? Can this company survive/thrive without doing an ICO? What is the purpose of the token in the company ecosystem? Are they just creating a coin to profit in this ICO craze or does the coin serve an important purpose? How will the coin increase in value, is it based only on hype on exchanges or is it from it being used as a utility in the company? Does this company have competitors that may make this one irrelevant?

Research the Team:

First off, is the legitimate? Do they really exist on Linkedin, etc. You would be surprised how often the team members can be faked. Read the linkedin description to see if the team member is full-time with the ICO and if the ICO is even mentioned at all.

Research the ICO Advisers:

Are the advisers relevant to the ICO or are they just a shiny attention grabber? If you see the same adviser on multiple ICOs then their credibility/value to the ICO diminishes greatly.

Determine Level of Hype:

Don’t underestimate this step. An easy way to get a feel for hype and popularity is to google the name of the ICO. See how many mentions are in the google search results. Make sure you use exact matches such as quotes in the google search so that you don’t get results for the word ‘the’ or something generic. How many times are they mentioned on social media? The best way to do this is to go to buzzsumo.com and type in the name of the ICO. This will give you a results list showing content and mentions on Facebook, Linkedin, Twitter, Pinterest and how many times the content pieces were shared. Go to the ICO website and search for the websites, social media and chat programs where they interact. Some of the most popular are Slack Channel, Telegram Chat, Twitter, Bitcointalk.org, Reddit.com.

Check out their existing product and code:

For this step you don’t have to know programming or anything like that. You will just want to go to their Github.com account as this is where they will store the code for their project. You can see how often they update their code and how active they are developing. Also, do some research on their past products if they are an existing business that is just expanding by offering an ICO.

Research similar altcoins:

Go to Coinmarketcap.com and CryptoCompare.com and study similar coin charts. Of course, every company is different but you just want to get a general feel for the potential. Right now ICO investors are leaning towards investing in Protocols and Platforms such as 0x, Kyber and Raiden. Ideas that are needed to propel blockchain and cryptocurrency forward.

Good luck researching ICOs and may you see 3x – 100x returns. CryptoDayTrader, over and out…

Featured image courtesy of Shutterstock. 

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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Understanding the Lightning Network: Where We Stand

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The scaling of bitcoin’s network has long been a source of strife among supporters and detractors alike. As the network gained momentum over the last few years, users have seen both the transaction fees and wait times increase significantly.

Other cryptocurrencies have spawned based on this weakness, but bitcoin’s development community is hard at work on the scalability problem. The most promising project at the moment is the Lightning Network.

The Shortcomings of Bitcoin

Bitcoin’s original promise of being able to create a trustless network that enabled immutable financial transactions is still true to this day. With the implementation of SegWit on August 24th, 2017, it was hoped that the issues could be solved by finding a roundabout way to increase the block size. However, the protocol has not been widely adopted, and as such, a new solution is required.

This is where the need for the Lightning Network arose from, and it has been in development since 2015. The simplest way to understand the network is that it helps manage bitcoin transactions without executing them directly on the Bitcoin blockchain.

The Basics of the Technology

The core idea behind the Lightning Network is that you can create small “bidirectional payment channels” that act as a running tab between two accounts. The smart contracts determine how much is owed to who, but none of this is stored directly on the blockchain until a payment is rendered. Basically, it is a running tab system that allows for microtransactions. Allocations are made between parties off-blockchain, with all the confidence of performing commerce on-blockchain.

Multi-signature wallets are the connecting force that acts as a running tab in a safety deposit box for the two parties. Their cryptocurrency sits in the wallet and is debited and credited according to the pre-existing agreement.

The result is that all of the different payment channels connect multi-sig wallets to create a network of two-party ledger entries. This means you don’t need to have a wallet between every duo that wishes to do transfer money. The connections can occur across a network of users with the same effect.

The Benefits of Lightning

The most salient benefit of the Lightning Network are the faster payments at a lower cost. The presence of instant payments will increase the usability of the entire network, and the smart contracts used will still be secure enough to prevent tampering.

As we mentioned before, the Bitcoin network was previously limited by its lack of scalability, so on a meta-level, the lightning network is enabling the network to continue its expansion.

The presence of the Lightning Network will also enable cross blockchain transactions (also known as atomic swaps), even with heterogeneous blockchain consensus rules. The enablement of these instant transactions between blockchains will eliminate the need for third party custodians and change the way the networks interact.

Where We Are Now

In order for Bitcoin to be a viable payment option in the future, something like the lightning network is absolutely essential. Scaling requires the ability for small payments to be made quickly, otherwise it will never be feasible to make everyday purchases like coffee or lunch with bitcoin.

Looking at all the potential benefits listed above, it is clear that the lightning network will have a drastic effect not only on the Bitcoin network, but the entire cryptocurrency ecosystem. As such, the protocol is not only being developed for the Bitcoin network, but many other of the top cryptocurrencies (Litecoin, Stellar, zcash, Ethereum, and Ripple). The test results are starting to come in, however, none of the implementations are ready for launch yet. Lightning Labs has released a beta version, but before this technology can change the industry, a lot more work must be done.

Featured image courtesy of Shutterstock. 

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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What is Proof of Stake?

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Newbies to the cryptocurrency space often struggle to understand how the mining mechanism works. The idea of having a cryptographic algorithm that mints new coins to reward those who help maintain the blockchain isn’t exactly a natural one, and a long explanation is usually required.

But once this group understands how the traditional proof of work theorem functions, they often find out that there are algorithms different than the one implemented by Satoshi in the beginning.

Where Proof of Work Falls Short

News stories keep surfacing about the growing energy requirements of networks using proof of work algorithms. The enforced scarcity of coins means that as more miners join the network, the amount of computation required continues to increase. Not only is this not sustainable in the future, but it also prices out smaller mining pools that don’t have the capital required, leaving a market structure similar to the oligopoly of the banking industry.

Additionally, from an economic standpoint, the proof of work theorem is vulnerable to the tragedy of the commons. This is an economic scenario where users are incentivized to act in accordance with what is best for them, rather than what is best for the group. Profitability on mining coins like Bitcoin will begin to fall, and that will drive miners out of the market, hurting the whole network.

Proof of Stake as an Alternative

So if proof of work rewards you for the amount of work you do, proof of stake will reward you for the amount of coins you hold. You will mine coins in proportion to the amount you hold, which is much like the traditional interest rate structure.

Our previously described tragedy of the commons issue is solved, because people now have reason to continue holding the coin and are rewarded for it. Additionally, the centralization risks are minimized, as those with the most mining power or capital are no longer in control.

51% attacks are hardly a worry on the Bitcoin network, because you’d need to gain access to more than 51% of the computing power of the network. However, with PoS there is an even smaller risk because of how expensive it would be to buy 51% of a coin, only to devalue it.

Many Cryptocurrencies Using It

Since the incentives are different, proof of stake algorithms essentially change the entire structure of the market for a cryptocurrency. The fact you can earn coins just by holding cryptocurrency would be very appealing as an alternative to using tons of electricity.

Dash, or digital cash, may be the best known cryptocurrency using PoS, but NEO, PIVX, and many more are currently using it. The incentives change when you use these coins, because of all the additional benefits of just holding them. Often the only way to gain this interest is by joining a masternode or having a significant amount of coins yourself, but it is still something worth looking into.

Finally, we are finally starting to see larger cryptocurrencies like Ethereum considering a move to a hybrid algorithm that uses proof of stake as well, it is clear the consensus method will finally get tested at scale.

The Risks of PoS

As with any solution, there are risks involved with the potential implementation of proof of stake algorithms. The biggest risk inherent in a proof of stake system is that the bad actors aren’t pruned out in the same way as with a proof of work system. They can continue to collect “interest” while they vote for “invalid” blocks, and not be harmed in any way. For the proof of stake system to work, this problem will eventually need to be solved, but at the same time, it shows a lot of potential.

Featured image courtesy of Shutterstock. 

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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How to Convert Your Cryptocurrency Back to Fiat Currency

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It is possible that at some point in your cryptocurrency investing journey, you feel the need to sell off some of your crypto. Most of the time, this means you are just converting it back into the USD of cryptocurrency, bitcoin, but you could also be trying to get your money out of cryptocurrency entirely.

If your goal is to convert back into fiat currency, then there are a few paths you can take. As you might remember when you were first putting your money into cryptocurrency, it isn’t nearly as simple as using a regular brokerage account, but it is getting easier.

Simplest Possible Method

This sort of goes without saying, but if you did acquire your cryptocurrency on an exchange that allows for fiat deposits, you are likely going to be able to convert your money back into fiat with that same exchange. Exchanges known to do this are Gemini, Coinbase, Kraken, and Coinmama, although there are many others that do and it is worth checking yourself.

Exchanges are generally motivated to increase their revenue, and as a result, they tend to have fees set for withdrawal. Not only does this make them money when you withdraw your money, but it also makes it more likely you will keep your money in the exchange and continue trade it, which will also make them more money.

The final thing you should realize here are that the exchanges may put actual limits on the amount you can withdraw or the time period you must wait before withdrawing. Both of these serve to the same effect as high withdrawal fees, and help them control their liquidity in a way very similar to a bank.

Using Services and Vendors

It is possible you have already moved your money to a separate hardware or software wallet, in which case, it might not make sense to move it back to an exchange, just to pay fees on the withdrawal. There are other ways of getting your cryptocurrency back into fiat, and some of them work out to be quite a bit cheaper.

In fact, websites like LocalBitcoins.com make it possible you to actually sell your cryptocurrency at a premium because of the extra effort. LocalBitcoins does take a fee, but it still works out quite nicely for the seller in the end.

Another option you may find appealing is using your money to directly pay for goods or services. There are an increasing amount of companies that accept cryptocurrency, and this saves you a lot of hassle, as it is working very similarly to LocalBitcoins.com. You are bartering with each other rather than have a third party act as market maker, and the costs are reduced as a result.

Similar to this is the idea of using your cryptocurrency to purchase a prepaid debit card. Services like Monaco and Tenx are making this easier than ever, and it minimized the number of times your money needs to change hands before it is spent.

What to Do About Your Altcoins

If you are trying to convert your altcoins back into cryptocurrency, you will have one extra step. Since most altcoins transact on a different exchange than those that convert into fiat, you will need to sell your altcoin for a more well-known cryptocurrency, and then convert it to fiat.

Generally, users choose to do this using Ethereum, because of the significantly lower network fee. You would sell your altcoin for Ethereum, transfer that Ethereum to your fiat exchange, and then sell back to your fiat currency.

No matter why you’re choosing to convert your crypto back to fiat, it is even nice to know how you would if you were in a pinch or were worried about potential crashes. The best way to think of it is having an escape plan, just in case.

Featured image courtesy of Shutterstock.

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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