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The Largest Breach of 2016: 412 Million FriendFinder Accounts Exposed

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FriendFinder Networks, the parent company behind the likes of AdultFriendFinder, Cams, Penthouse, iCams and Stripshow has been hacked, with six databases from the company compromised, according to breach notification website LeakedSource.

A Local File Inclusion (LFI) exploit was all it took for server breaches that led to a mammoth 412,214,295 user-accounts’ credentials to leak online. Alarmingly, 99% of all available passwords gathered from the breach, are visible in plaintext.

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CSOOnline reveals that information from the breached databases was circulating online since their compromise in October 2016. The incident itself is likely to have occurred before October 20, 2016 with the last login timestamps for user accounts occur on October 17.

As the publication reports, one researcher identified the LFI flaw and warned AdultFriendFinder about the vulnerability. More specifically, the LFI was discovered in a module on AdultFriendFinder’s production servers. While the researcher followed up the public reveal of the vulnerabilities with a post noting that the issue was resolved, the reality could not have been starker.

The severity of the breach saw the leak of FriendFinder Networks’ source code and public/private key-pairs alongside the databases – which contained email addresses and passwords, stored in plain text or hashed using SHA1 with pepper.

The bemusing and weak encryption habit deployed means that 99% of all websites gained from the FriendFinder Networks databases have been cracked.

Furthermore, LeakedSource was able to determine that a notable number of users had an email in the form of ‘email@address.com@deleted1.com’, a clear indicator that the user associated with the account sought to delete the account, while AdultFriendFinder tagged these to-be-deleted accounts with “@deleted.com.” A mammoth 16,766,727 so-called deleted accounts were discovered in total.

LeakedSource lays out the startling numbers. The websites that have been targeted, along with the number of compromised user accounts.

  • Adultfriendfinder .com – 339,774,493 users
  • Cams .com – 62,668,630 users
  • Penthouse .com – 7,176,877 users
  • Stripshow .com – 1,423,192 users
  • iCams .com – 1,133,731 users
  • An unknown domain – 35,372 users

Altogether, that’s over a staggering 400 million user accounts or 20 years of customer data leaked during the breach, making it the largest recorded breach this year, firmly scaling the MySpace breach which saw 360 million compromised user accounts. By way of comparing, this particular breach makes the infamous Ashley Madison breach meagre in comparison.

Image from AdultFriendFinder.

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Samburaj is the contributing editor at Hacked and keeps tabs on science, technology and cyber security.




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Breaches

Skepticism Grows Over BitGrail’s Supposed $167 Million Hack

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A relatively unknown cryptocurrency exchange by the name of BitGrail has informed its users of a coordinated cyber attack targeting Nano (XRB) tokens. However, the incident does not appear to be holding up to scrutiny after the founder of the exchange made an odd request to the developers of Nano shortly after discovering the alleged theft.

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BitGrail Exchange Allegedly Compromised

The Italian exchange issued a notice to its clients last week informing them that 17 million XRB tokens were compromised in a cyber attack. The XRB token, formerly known known as Raiblocks, is valued at $9.80 at the time of writing for a total market cap of $1.3 billion. That puts the total monetary loss of the supposed heist at nearly $167 million.

Parts of the notice have been translated into English from the original Italian by Tech Crunch, a media company dedicated to startups and technology news. According to the agency,  BitGrail has stated the following:

“… Internal checks revealed unauthorized transactions which led to a 17 million Nano shortfall, an amount forming part of the wallet managed by BitGrail… Today a charge about those fraudulent activities has been submitted to the competent authorities and now is under police investigation.”

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The notice indicated that all transactions have been put on hold until authorities complete their investigation.

Very little is known about BitGrail, as it is not listed among the 183 exchanges whose volume is ranked by CoinMarketCap.

Suspicion Grows

Unlike other crypto heists, the circumstances surrounding the alleged BitGrail attack have been met with widespread suspicion. As David Z. Morris of Fortune rightly notes, this isn’t the first time BitGrail has suspended Nano withdrawals. The same thing happened in early January when the exchange halted not only Nano, but Lisk and CryptoForecast transactions as well.

The suspension was followed by an announcement that the exchange was taking measured steps to verify users and enforce anti-money laundering requirements. It was around this time that users became suspicious that BitGrail was going to cut and run with their tokens.

BitGrail founder Francesco Firano made an unusual request to the developers of Nano following the alleged attack: he asked them to fork their record, a move that would essentially restore the stolen funds.

Nano officially rejected the request on Friday, the day after Firano supposedly discovered the stolen coins. In a post that appeared on the Nano Medium page, the team said:

“We now have sufficient reason to believe that Firano has been misleading the Nano Core Team and the community regarding the solvency of the BitGrail exchange for a significant period of time.”

Last month, hackers made off with more than $400 million worth of NEM tokens stolen from Coincheck, a Japan-based cryptocurrency exchange. The coins have yet to be recovered and the perpetrators remain at large. In 2014, a cyber heist brought down Mt Gox, which was the world’s largest exchange.

Disclaimer: The author owns bitcoin, Ethereum and other cryptocurrencies. He holds investment positions in the coins, but does not engage in short-term or day-trading.

Featured image courtesy of Shutterstock.

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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4.6 stars on average, based on 166 rated postsSam Bourgi is Chief Editor to Hacked.com, where he specializes in cryptocurrency, economics and the broader financial markets. Sam has nearly eight years of progressive experience as an analyst, writer and financial market commentator where he has contributed to the world's foremost newscasts.




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Breaches

Coincheck Hackers Are Trying to Sell Their Stolen NEM Coins

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The hackers behind the biggest crypto heist of all time are attempting to sell their stolen coins, according to an executive at the NEM Foundation. The revelations are the latest in a four-day saga that has authorities still struggling to identify perpetrators or locate the account in receipt of the stolen funds.

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Hackers Try to Profit

Jeff McDonald, Vice President of the NEM Foundation, said Tuesday that his organization had traced stolen XEM coins to an unidentified address. It was here that the thief tried to unload the stolen funds onto six online exchanges for the purpose of selling them. McDonald said the exchanges have since been notified.

It was not immediately apparent how many of the stolen coins were spent or even the whereabouts of the account. A spokeswoman at the NEM Foundation later said the attacker sent the cryptocurrency to several random accounts in 100-token increments.

Last Friday, the attackers made off with more than $400 million worth of NEM tokens from Japanese cryptocurrency exchange Coincheck. The monetary value of the heist has fluctuated several times over the past four days, reflecting regular price moves in NEM’s native XEM token. However, Coincheck said it would reimburse account holders at a rate of 81 U.S. cents per token, which reflects the average price between Jan. 26 and 27.

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Coincheck has been fined administrative penalties for failing to secure client funds. It was later revealed by the executive management team that the exchange failed to implement basic security features, such as multi-signature capability and cold storage. Rather, the XEM tokens were held in accounts connected to the internet.

Although the NEM Foundation is trying to prevent the liquidation of stolen funds, MacDonald said the attackers will likely get away with some of the money. However, the likelihood that they spend all of it is virtually zero given the market’s underlying liquidity constraints.

NEM Price Volatility

News of the heist on Friday triggered significant volatility in the price of XEM and the broader cryptocurrency market. Following a brief recovery, XEM has declined steadily over the past three days, with prices reaching new six-week lows on Tuesday. The coin touched a session low of 79 cents on volumes of more than $32 million. At press time, the coin was worth a little more than 80 cents.

Even with the decline, NEM held on to tenth spot in the global cryptocurrency rankings based on market cap. The coin’s overall value remains well north of $7 billion, according to CCN.

Disclaimer: The author owns bitcoin, Ethereum and other cryptocurrencies. He holds investment positions in the coins, but does not engage in short-term or day-trading.

Featured image courtesy of Shutterstock.

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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4.6 stars on average, based on 166 rated postsSam Bourgi is Chief Editor to Hacked.com, where he specializes in cryptocurrency, economics and the broader financial markets. Sam has nearly eight years of progressive experience as an analyst, writer and financial market commentator where he has contributed to the world's foremost newscasts.




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Coincheck Update: Exchange Announces Plan to Compensate 260,000 NEM Holders

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Japanese digital currency exchange Coincheck has announced plans to compensate hundreds of thousands of traders exposed to the recent theft of NEM (XEM) cryptocurrency. Roughly 523 million units of NEM were illegally redirected from the exchange early Friday, forcing management to suspend trading activity for all digital assets except bitcoin.

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Calculating Losses

Coincheck announced Saturday that 260,000 XEM holders were affected by the theft. The exchange plans to compensate them for their loss using a weighted average of volume, according to CCN. Volumes were calculated based on trading activity between 12:09 on Jan. 26 and 23:00 on Jan. 27 (Japan time). Based on this calculation method, the compensation amount for each unit of XEM will be 88.549 yen (81 US cents) multiplied by the number of units held.

Given the compensation amount, it can be assumed that the total loss of the heist was roughly $423 million.

Coincheck, which has apologized for the ordeal, says it is still investigating the matter further. During a press conference on Friday, the management team revealed several details about the exchange’s underlying infrastructure. According to media sources present at the conference, Coincheck admitted it had not integrated multi-signature technology or cold storage security, which would have held the tokens offline in a secure location. These capabilities are key selling points for most major exchanges keen on touting their security features. They are also considered necessary, albeit insufficient, in combating the growing threat of cyber criminals.

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The company’s management team has vowed to continue services once it concludes initial investigations. The exchange also said it will pursue registration with Japan’s Financial Services Agency (FSA), something it neglected to do prior to the hack.

Biggest of All Time

The heist of Coincheck has been described as the biggest the cryptocurrency market has ever seen, even surpassing the implosion of Mt Gox back in 2014. At the time, the theft of 85,000 bitcoins from the world’s biggest crypto exchange was a wake up call for regulators, market participants and service providers.

Unlike other modern-day cryptocurrency exchanges, Coincheck had severe security flaws that made it a prime target of hackers. According to analysts, storing the funds in a hot wallet connected to the Internet was the most serious flaw in the exchange’s setup.

The hack initially sent shock waves throughout the cryptocurrency market, with NEM and several coins suffering broad declines. As Hacked reported earlier, the value of NEM’s native token rebounded sharply on Saturday to trade well above $1.00. At press time, XEM was up more than 22% to $1.02.

Disclaimer: The author owns bitcoin, Ethereum and other cryptocurrencies. He holds investment positions in the coins, but does not engage in short-term or day-trading.

Featured image courtesy of Shutterstock.

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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4.6 stars on average, based on 166 rated postsSam Bourgi is Chief Editor to Hacked.com, where he specializes in cryptocurrency, economics and the broader financial markets. Sam has nearly eight years of progressive experience as an analyst, writer and financial market commentator where he has contributed to the world's foremost newscasts.




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