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ICO Analysis: Productivist

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The ‘Productivist blockchain project’ hopes to define and implement a “new standard of smart production” (whitepaper) that focuses on key areas for improvement such as service quality, fairness of pricing, and an overall increase in the efficiency of production.

The Current State of Smart Manufacturing

Supply chain and manufacturing sectors have adapted numerous times as a result of the many technological, social and economic changes that have taken place throughout the 20th and 21st centuries.

So much that a word has been coined to denote the current set of changes that are taking place.

The ‘industry 4.0’ or ‘industrial revolution 4.0’ (also known as ‘smart manufacturing’) describes a future state which many believe we are in the process of transitioning towards. It comprises of ideals such as interoperability between workers (human and machine), the effective exchange of data, and a cross-reliance regarding technical support & problem-solving functions.

Additional core principles include informational transparency and the decentralization of decision making.

So How Does It Work?

Split up into various compartmentalized service layers aimed at different levels of user, the Productivist platform incorporates functions that benefit parties on both sides of the supply chain.

It’s based on decentralized blockchain architecture which means that the storage, tracking and indexing of records is inherently immutable, transparent, and encrypted.

The primary use case will be the community driven market system, where matchmaking protocols will facilitate direct and decentralized negotiations, in addition to bid and tender proposal processes.

Resulting agreements will be recorded and enforced using ‘Smart contracts’, which are a well-proven decentralized blockchain-based innovation.

Benefits over traditional forms of contract include the elimination of legislative intermediaries and court litigation fees, in addition to automated enforcement of agreed terms.

A Deeper Dive into the Technology

Productivist’s platform uses Hyperledger architecture, a collaboration of concurrent projects led by the Linux Foundation as a means of fostering a mutually beneficial set of standards.

As all Hyperledger code is open-source it, along with all the inner workings of Productivist, is transparent. Technical peers, potential investors and partners can verify everything with their own eyes to determine whether the code is viable, and trustable.

On a negative note however: the Productivist platform demands from manufacturers the implementation of a new piece of hardware which they have innovated, called a ‘smart device’.

These are to be installed and integrated on-site and within process strategy to (supposedly) maximize the benefits delivered through…

“real time monitoring, usage optimization, and scaling… [as well as] offer highly innovative applications, such as intellectual property protection.” source

Token

Customers can pay for their selection of goods and services on the platform by using their preference of traditional fiat currency payments. These are instantaneously converted into Productivist’s token-based currency, the ‘Productoken’ (or ‘PROD’).

PROD helps to ensure lightning fast transaction-speeds and minimizes expenses, such as extraneous service charges and currency conversion fees. It also eliminates middle-men, like traditional payment providers like Mastercard and Visa (along with their commissions and restrictions).

The Productoken’s liquidity will be ensured through adoption of the Ethereum-backed ERC-20 standard and can be received by any compatible wallet. The token itself will be based on Productivist’s own proprietary blockchain.

Token allocation, as reported in their white paper, will be…

  • 70%: Token Sale
  • 3%: Productivist Reserve (future promotions and initiatives)
  • 16%: Distributed to Productivist’s founders and employees
  • 5%: Referral and Bounty program

The usage plans for funds raised through token sales is broken up as follows…

  • 30%: IT Development
  • 20%: Marketing and Sales
  • 15%: Acquisitions & Partnerships
  • 5%: International Expansion
  • 10%: Administration and Operations
  • 5%: Development Fund
  • 5%: Legal
  • 5%: Bug Bounty Program

The team states that they are currently “negotiating with various exchanges to list PROD tokens on their platforms”.

Team

Almost all Productivist’s co-founders (who are currently dispersed between France and Dubai) share dual leadership capacities at a company called Freelabster, where they have worked together for some time and continue to do so.

Freelabster is a digital services company which was founded in 2016, and claims to be “one of the biggest 3d printing platforms on the web” (although I have not been able to find much in the way of third party feedback or recognition online to support these claims).

The company’s eponymous ‘Freelabster platform’ allows potential clients to connect with expert 3D printing professionals in their local area. This is a concept they wish to evolve upon through use of blockchain, distributed ledger technology.

Whilst the team members collectively possess a diverse portfolio of transferable leadership capabilities, almost all their industrial experience lies within the design and manufacturing services sector. This suggests that their greatest professional insight into blockchain technology comes from their hired guns.

Exceptions include ‘Smart Device Leader’ Jeremie Francois, who previously worked for almost two years as a researcher at an IoT / blockchain company called ChainOrchestra.

  • Patrick Musso (LI): Head of Economics Research at CNRS National Center for Scientific Research.
  • Benjamin Fuentes (LI): IBM Cloud Garage & Blockchain Advocate at IBM. Certified Hyperledger Fabric mentor.
  • Jean-Marie Le Sueur (LI): Owner of Asterwind CO Ltd and 30+ years’ experience in Manufacturing and Supply Chain.
  • Julien Gobert (LI): Payment specialist at Worldline, head of development, International Issuing Back Office.
  • Luca Benevolo (LI): CEO of Cryptense. Blockchain expert & contributor. ICO strategist.
  • Daniel Doppler (LI): President at Colossal Factory and experienced in artificial intelligence.

Verdict

Productivist is an innovative project packed with great ideas and a solid foundation. The team’s experience in the digital print and manufacturing services sector also proves that they understand the requirements of both clients and manufacturers.

Without any high level blockchain experts within the leadership team it is hard to visualize what Productivist can truly bring to the table here.

A result of this competency gap appears to be that many of the key features and innovations of Productivist are shared with those of ‘Freelabster’ with the benefits related to blockchain being rudimentary at best (particularly as they pride themselves on local rather than international services).

How fast this coin could grow as an investment is likely to be correlative with the trajectory of Freelabster, especially as the upcoming roadmap milestones include integrating Freelabster with the Productivist platform to form an initial use case.

Risks

  • The team possesses a distinct lack of blockchain expertise, in addition to a general lack of diversity in industrial experience, -3
  • The company prides itself on local services, however this has two flaws as it a) eliminates many of the benefits / reasons for incorporating cryptocurrency (e.g., elimination of cross-country fees and legal differences when constructing business contracts) and b) proves the niche market they are appealing to in a world where it is often cheaper to wait and import print service products from abroad. -3
  • The ‘smart device’ is interesting conceptually – however it adds more concerns than hope in my mind. How much will this high tech, cross-compatible piece of hardware cost? Who will be footing the bill? And how long would it take for the manufacturer, if they are purchasing the device, to achieve ROI especially regarding downtime to BAU (Business as usual)? -3
  • Beyond the implementation of rudimentary blockchain features such as smart contracts and distributed ledger technology, Productivist are not bringing anything else to the table – and can’t sufficiently justify ascribing themselves as ‘Industry 4.0’ .-1

Growth Potential

  • Freelabster will not only act as an anchor in terms of token value, but also a use case to advertise the platform’s adaptable SDK and API to third party organizations as a key area of their growth strategy. +3
  • 3D printing is noted to be a fast-growing industry and has exceeded the level of growth achieved by traditional manufacturing sectors for a considerable time now. Despite this growth, it still as a long way to catch up with its more conventional peers. +2
  • By utilizing open-source ‘Hyperledger’ infrastructure and tools to build their platform, Productivist are not only ensuring transparency and trust but also longevity due to the on-going support which Hyperledger is and will continue to receive. +2
  • Automatically converting to and from cryptocurrency, whilst taking and releasing funds as traditional fiat breaks down the barrier of technical understanding to manufacturers and clients who want to get involved but are unfamiliar with how cryptos work. Could also potentially enhance token liquidity. +2
  • Great looking team of advisors, but it is not enough to make up for the core teams’ lack of formal crypto knowledge. +1
  • The team’s collective expertise in 3D printing, manufacturing, and service platforms means that they may be sufficiently equipped to tackle the challenges ahead. +1

Disposition

It’s something of a passion project which doesn’t appear to have big intentions of scaling fast: I think it’s a trustable and reliable coin which will appreciate very slowly. Furthermore, whether the team can maintain a slow and steady growth but their capability for rapid scaling is yet to be proven.

As such, I see no reason to invest in a currency what is most likely to remain static in value for a very long time (if it even succeeds) when there are much more prosperous projects to investigate for now.

1/10

Investment Details

  • Token Type: Utility
  • Platform: Private Blockchain, ERC20 compliant
  • Symbol: PROD
  • Pre-ICO: Ends 17th May 2018 (28% + 15% – 5k Bonus)
  • Total Supply: 385,000,000 PROD tokens. Available in Pre-ICO & Main ICO (Hard Cap): 238 million PROD tokens (61,7%).
  • Public Crowd sale: Date Unannounced
  • Hard cap: $29,000,000
  • Soft cap: $5,000,000
  • Website + pre-ICO details: https://ico.productivist.com
  • Twitter: https://twitter.com/ProducToken
  • Telegram: https://t.me/productivist

Featured image courtesy of Shutterstock.

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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ICO Analysis: Solana

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Scalability, scalability, scalability.

Scaling blockchain for the next level of (mass) adoption is the name of the game these days.

Solana is yet another contender to jump into the fray to become the most scalable blockchain and boasts the capability to handle 710,000 transactions per second with normal, off-the-shelf hardware and no features like sharding (a popular scaling proposal which proposes splitting a blockchain into shards or pieces that can process transactions simultaneously instead of having one, overloaded blockchain).

Here’s how.

Proof of History

The staple of Solana that will allow for unparalleled speed is Proof of History. Proof of History timestamps transactions in the blockchain so that nodes can verify the time and order of transactions without witnessing them firsthand.

This has the end result of optimizing Solana’s processes drastically by greatly reducing messaging between nodes and making the processing of transactions separate from consensus.

Here are some other features of Solana:

Sub-Second Confirmations

Older projects like Bitcoin not only have lower transaction rates but also have slow finality or confirmation of transactions as transactions have to be confirmed multiple times before becoming finalized.

Similar to project Perlin, Solana uses the Avalanche consensus protocol, which will allow for transactions to be fully confirmed within seconds, if not less. No more waiting minutes, hours, or days to pay for that coffee using crypto.

Proof of Replication

As of writing, the Bitcoin blockchain is nearly 180 gigabytes. Not everyone has that amount of storage capacity. Solana’s solution for ledger storage is Proof of Replication, which makes it so that not every node has to storage a full copy of the blockchain. Instead, each bit of Solana’s data is replicated to a dedicated storage node.

This means that the network can prove that a node you don’t trust is using its resources to store part of the Solana ledger. The end result is that the network is like a torrent, with no one node holding a full copy of the ledger yet a copy of the ledger is always available.

Broad Smart Contract Language Support

Instead of limiting developers to a single smart contract language, Solana will support any language supported by LLVM, starting with Javascript and Solidity.

Usage by the Next Generation of DApps

Thanks to Solana’s high transaction throughput, Solana could become the platform for the next generation of DApps that process tons of transactions like decentralized exchanges, payment platforms, decentralized cloud storage and web services, decentralized ad exchanges, and prediction markets.

Token

Details on Solana’s token and its token sale are sparse.

For the token itself, since Solana is aiming to be a platform like Ethereum or EOS, it’s assumed that Solana’s token usage will be similar to that of the aforementioned projects.

As for the token sale, interested investors can submit their interest in contributing via Solana’s presale interest form.

Team

CEO Anatoly Yakovenko – Yakovenko created Solana and has deep tech experience, having led operating system development at Qualcomm, compression at Dropbox, and distributed systems at Mesophere. Other achievements include being a core kernel developer for BREW (powered every CDMA flip phone – 100m+ devices), holding 2 patents for high performance operating systems, and leading development that made Protect Tango (VR/AR) possible on Qualcomm phones.

CTO Greg Fitzgerald – Fitzgerald is Solana’s principal architect and also worked at Qualcomm at the Office of the Chief Scientist.

Head of Growth Hsin-Ju Chuang – Chuang leads Solana’s community and growth efforts. Her track record is pretty solid, having been the former Head of Growth at Stellar, a top blockchain project.

Partnerships, Biz Dev Alan Yu – Yu is in charge of Solana’s business relationships and comes from Google, where he spent 10 years in sales and marketing and won various awards for his performance.

Partners

Solana’s partners include the following:

  • globaliD – globaliD is an identity provider, which has venture support from the likes of 500 Startups.
  • Hard Yaka – Hard Yaka is an investment fund with investments in companies like Coinbase, Ripple, Filecoin, ShapeShift, AngelList, twilio and exits from companies like Square (IPO), Twitter (IPO), Authy (twilio acquisition), and more.
  • Helium is the world’s first decentralized, blockchain-powered machine network with investment from the likes of GV (Google Ventures) and Marc Benioff, founder, chairman, and CEO of Salesforce.

Verdict

Below is a breakdown of the risks and growth potential of Solana.

Risks

  • Bold claims re: scalability and throughput. The team has claimed to have achieved hundreds of thousands of transactions per second on their testnet but the testnet isn’t public (-1)
  • Details on token and token sale not released yet (-0.5)

Growth Potential

  • Strong team and partnerships (+3)
  • Github work impressive (+2)
  • Solid hype and social presence (+2)

Disposition

  • Solana is a project with a lot of potential. Though tons of blockchain projects claim that they’re going to fix blockchain’s scalability woes, Solana might just have the actual team and partners to make that vision a reality. For now, we recommend keeping an eye out for further developments.
  • Solana receives a 5.5/10

Investment Details

  • Type: Unspecified – presumably utility
  • Symbol: Unspecified
  • Platform: Unspecified – presumably Native
  • Crowdsale: TBA
  • Minimum Investment: Unspecified
  • Price: Unspecified
  • Hard Cap: Unspecified
  • Payments Accepted: Unspecified
  • Restricted from Participating: Unspecified

For More Information

Featured image courtesy of Shutterstock.

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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ICO Analysis: BitSong

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The music industry is ever-evolving alongside new technologies. Smart contracts and blockchain are currently changing it again. Over the past year, numerous music blockchain projects have come onto the scene as ambitious entrepreneurs try to get in on the action.

BitSong, is an Ethereum based project that wants to put the entire process on one platform. Music creators will stream their songs or videos, manage their fanbase and work out advertising deals all on the BitSong Platform.

According to the whitepaper:

“The BitSong Platform will be a holistic one -stop shop approach, choice is given to the user, to watch videos, stream music and have the ability to use whichever device they own to partake in Bitsong. This also permits the artist to manage their social media fanbase from one source, their Bitsong channel, thereby retaining their fans on one single decentralized music platform”

The platform allows users to do the following;

  • Upload new songs/videos and create your own music channel.
  • Sell your songs, listen to them and get donations.
  • Earn BTSG token during your plays.
  • Support the artist by making a donation through the BTSG token.
  • Listen to your songs on any TV, Smartphone or PC.
  • Sponsor your business or your songs in full autonomy.

Perhaps the coolest feature of BitSong will be how they incorporate advertisements into the platform. The user will be paid for their “User Attention,” the producer will receive earnings in real time and the advertiser will be able to optimize the campaign after viewing the reports.

Token

The BTSG token will be essential for: sponsorship, making a donation, purchasing a song, voting, buying tickets and purchasing merchandising.

Use of funds:

  • 50% Business Development and Expansion
  • 15% Technology and Logistics
  • 15% Research and Development
  • 20% Marketing and PR

Two percent the tokens were sold at a 40% discount during the pre-sale in late May.

Team

This is a rather large and spread out team. Lots of different countries involved and most of the team are former DJs/producers.

Angelo Recca: Co-Founder/CEO from Italy. LinkedIn says he has been CEO of this cloud storage company SpazioRC since 2012. Spazio has only one employee listed on LinkedIn and the twitter only has 340 followers and hasn’t been active since Novemebr 2017.

Rino Ticli: Co-Founder. The only work history listed is “DeeJay” since 2002. He doesn’t seem to be a very popular DJ/producer, either. He’s had Twitter since 2012 yet only has 800 followers that give him zero love or retweets.

Julian Anghelin: EMEA Manager. Despite typing a long and vague description of his skills, the only work history he has listed is as a publications guy for Royal Caribbean Cruises for ten months in 2016.

Giovanni Melfi: CTO and Blockchain Developer. Out of the 12 team members, he is the only developer. And it looks like he has no work history to brag about. He did describe himself on LinkedIn as follows:” Passionate about cryptocurrencies and blockchain, 2 languages speaker. Coming from an experience in software engineering and a passion for software development with some programming languages such as PHP. I participated in some group work on the robotic system, on linux programming and on StartUp Manager, and I think these experiences are the most important for professional growth.”

The website goes on to list 19 international DJs/producers that are supposed to be a part of BitSong. However, after checking all of them, only a couple ever mention BitSong. No mentions of the token sale.

The most popular is a guy named Tadeo, who gained almost 300,000 Twitter followers for being on an MTV reality show. He does not mention the BitSong crowdsale on his twitter.

Nicola Fasano is a DJ with 16,000 followers on Twitter.

Mossel is a DJ with 10,000 followers but doesn’t mention Bitsong ICO

Verdict

We usually don’t do analysis on projects that already had their pre-sale. However, after seeing these ratings, it seemed like our opinion was needed. These high scores are out of line. The only explanation is that the reviews were done a few months ago, before the bad news bears arrived to spoil everyone’s shill fest.

Nobody here expects YouTube, Spotify and record companies to just step aside while smart contract/blockchain projects move in. Said blockchain projects needs to be extra special with an extra special team in order to even stand a chance of competing.

Based on team inexperience and lack of MVP alone, this gets an unfavorable rating.

Risks

  • The team is not experienced at all in business or blockchain. -1
  • It doesn’t look like they will come close at all to reaching the hard cap. They have a large team and payroll. It’s going to take a long time for both BitSong and Ethereum to work properly. There’s a strong chance they run out of money by then -1
  • No MVP, only one blockchain developer listed on their team, plus many other small things that lead us to believe they might not be really trying to build this thing. -1
  • GitHub is not active at all. This supports the above theory. -1
  • Competition. The author has reviewed 4 different blockchain music ICOsin the last year. He ranks this one 3/4. -1

Growth Potential

  • Ambitious roadmap on page 15 of the whitepaper. +1
  • One of these blockchain music projects is going to be popular. BitSong has an outsiders chance. +1
  • The crowdsale will run for three months, ending in November. Perhaps the market will be bullish by then. +2
  • They make a really bold claim on their site about having 177,404 users. When asked who these users are, the reply was, “177,404 users interacted with our bot and registered in our wallet.” This is kinda hard to believe, but if true those type numbers will definitely help them scale. +3

“Together with our community (about 180,000 users) we want to create a special environment, a new way to hear, see and enjoy music,where every artist can be his own distributor, sponsoring it on world music channels, where clarity and transparency rule and users can be rewarded for listening and viewing advertising.”

Disposition

It’s just way too good to be true. The silver lining is that we’ve seen several projects succeed in the past with this same strategy. A brilliant whitepaper idea with no MVP, and an untested team. However, in today’s paranoid market, most investors are now needing evidence of work, not just a whitepaper and a dream. +2/10

Investment Details

Featured image courtesy of Shutterstock.

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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4.1 stars on average, based on 23 rated postsJoshua Larson is also known as the "Bullshit Man" for his ability to spot it a mile away. Avid ICO researcher and contributor. Former professional poker player/backer. Spent 10 years analyzing hand history, stats, and player data. Discovered blockchain in late 2016, and never looked back. He now uses his analysis skills to investigate ICOs full time. What a perfect match, because in today's crazy world of ICOs, information, passion, and diligence = dollar bills!




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ICO Analysis: Hedera Hashgraph

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Hedera Hashgraph is another project in the blockchain space aiming to take blockchain to the next level: fast and ready to take on widespread usage by the mainstream as well as enterprises.

Currently, distributed ledger technology faces a number of challenges:

  1. Scalability
  2. Security
  3. Governance
  4. Stability
  5. Regulatory Compliance

Hedera Hashgraph’s team believes that only when these challenges are addressed and surmounted will mainstream markets trust blockchain enough to adopt it en masse.

With regards to the aforementioned challenges, Hedera Hashgraph aims to address them in the following ways:

  1. Performance – Hedera is built on the hashgraph distributed consensus algorithm (“hashgraph” also is used to refer to Hedera’s blockchain), invented by Hedera’s CTO and Chief Scientist Dr. Leemon Baird, who worked as a Professor of Computer Science at the US Air Force Academy and has multiple patents and publications in peer-reviewed journals. According to the Hedera Hashgraph whitepaper, the platform can handle hundreds of thousands of transactions per second in just one shard (let alone the entire network). Confirmations also happen in seconds and not minutes, hours, or days.
  2. Security – Hedera Hashgraph is secure through asynchronous Byzantine Fault Tolerance (aBFT). While other platforms are susceptible to Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks, the hashgraph platform isn’t. Moreover, aBFT provides both fair access and fair ordering for transactions on the platform. Appendix 3 of the whitepaper gives a full definition of the hashgraph algorithm and its fairness properties as well as proofs of aBFT.
  3. Governance – Hedera’s governance consists of Council Governance (management of council concerns) and Consensus Model (determining transaction consensus order).
    • Council Governance is done by an elected Governing Board that deals with council membership policy, network token regulation, and platform codebase changes. The Governing Board will consist of up to 39 leading organizations in their respective fields, bringing expertise previously lacking in past blockchain platforms.
    • Consensus Model deals with how nodes reach consensus on the platform’s order of transactions. In the Consensus Model, nodes cast one vote for each Hedera token that they own and since many nodes are expected to join the network and be compensated for maintaining the hashgraph ledger, it’s expected that Consensus Model voting privileges will be distributed amongst thousands of nodes.
  4. Stability – Hedera Hashgraph’s stability will be ensured with both technical and legal controls.
    • Technical – Hedera Hashgraph has Swirlds technology, which has the effect of protecting users of the platform from unofficial forks of the platform as well as ensuring that only software clients running the latest version are able to modify the hashgraph.
    • Legal – The Hedera Hashgraph codebase will not be open-source but be available for public review so that anyone can read the source code, recompile it, and verify its legitimacy. No licenses will be required to use the platform, write software that uses the platform, or build smart contracts on the platform. Thus, Hedera will provide a transparent codebase open to innovation so that the market can use it for its own purposes.
  5. Regulatory Compliance – Hedera has an opt-in escrow identity mechanism that gives users the choice to attach verified identities to their otherwise anonymous cryptocurrency accounts. Therefore, on the one hand, anonymous users can maintain their anonymity, and on the other, users that need to be verified for official purposes can do so without having to worry about regulatory backlash.

Token

By replacing proof-of-work consensus mechanisms with virtual voting (nodes cast one vote for each Hedera token that they own), high throughput, low fees, and micropayments are all made possible.

DApp developers on the network will use Hedera tokens to pay for network services like processing transactions, executing smart contracts, and storing files.

As mentioned earlier in the analysis, anyone running a node will earn Hedera tokens for doing so. The amount they earn is proportional to the amount of Hedera tokens they stake in one or more accounts for which they have the private keys. (This stake is also used to weight their votes in the Consensus Model). However, users are still able to spend their stake at any time – though of course spending some of the stake means receiving less rewards for running a node.

Users who don’t want to run a node (e.g. not wanting to invest in computing resources and/or the maintenance of them) can “proxy stake” Hedera to someone else’s node. This means that the user with no node gives a node “credit” for their stake and splits ledger maintenance awards with the node that they credit with their stake. (The ratio of the split is negotiated between the two parties). Proxy stake funds are in control of the proxy staker, who can spend the stake at any time, turn off the stake, or even redirect the proxy stake to another node.

As mentioned, fees are low, but they do exist. There are node fees, service fees, and transaction fees:

  • Node fees – a platform user can use platform services (e.g. transferring crypto from one account to another) by contacting a node, which submits the user’s transactions. The platform user pays a fee, negotiated between the user and the node, to the node for its service.
  • Service fees – users that use platform services (e.g. storing a file in the hashgraph) without going through a node pay a service fee.
  • Transaction fees – transactions handled by the network incur a fee to cover the associated costs of nodes exchanging data about the transactions, temporarily storing them in memory, and calculating consensus on the events containing them.

Token distribution is “expected” (taken from the Hedera Hashgraph crowdsale FAQ – “What is the token distribution?” section) to be as follows.

  • 65% Hedera Council Treasury
  • 17% management and employees
  • 13% SAFT purchasers and developers
  • 5% Swirlds

Hedera has already raised $100m in funding from institutional and high net worth investors and is currently conducting an accredited investor crowdsale ($20m target).

Accredited investor verification (whitelisting) will stop when $20m in funding is reached or August 15th, whichever comes first.

Token price and token release schedule for both first round and accredited investor round are the same:

  • Option A: $0.12 per token. 20% of tokens issued six months after network launch, with the rest vested in 10% installments over 8 months.
  • Option B: $0.096 per token. 20% of tokens issued six months after network launch, with the rest vested in 20% installments over the subsequent 4 years.

The majority of founder tokens are vested in 4 to 6 years.

If all funding goals are met, the project will start with a $360m market capitalization (based on expected circulating supply on day of token release).

Total token supply is fifty billion.

The offering is a Simple Agreement for Future Tokens (SAFT) in accordance with SEC regulations and there will be no ICO.

Minimum contribution is $1,000, and maximum contribution per person is $250,000. However, investors who want to invest >$250,000 can email saft@hashgraph.com (?), according to the Hedera Hashgraph crowdsale FAQ, which is confusing.

All raised funds will be used to grow the platform (engineering, sales, marketing, developer advocacy, community development, legal, etc).

Team

Co-Founder, CTO, and Chief Scientist Leemon Baird – Baird invented the hashgraph consensus algorithm, has worked as a Professor of Computer Science at the US Air Force Academy, has a PhD in Computer Science from Carnegie Mellon University, and has many patents and publications in peer-reviewed journals and conferences in the fields of computer security, mathematics, and machine learning.

Co-Founder and CEO Mance Harmon – Harmon also has an Air Force background as former Course Director for Cybersecurity. He was also Program Manager of a large-scale software program for the US Department of Defense’s Missile Defense Agency and senior executive for product security of an unnamed $1.7b revenue organization.

President Tom Trowbridge – Trowbridge is President of the Hedera Hashgraph Council and has a strong finance background, having started and ran the New York Office of UK-based Odey Asset Management. He also has held positions at Goldman Sachs, Lombard Odier, Atticus Capital, Bear, Stearns & Co., and telecom and media private equity firm Alta Communications, where he was responsible for 10 deals.

Verdict

Below is a breakdown of the risks and growth potential of Hedera Hashgraph.

Risks

  • Very bold claims but no working product (-1)
  • High hard cap and initial valuation but other projects that have done well have had the same (though uncommon) (-0.5)
  • Similar to EOS – bold claims, no working product, lots of hype – except the EOS team probably had a more relevant background (CTO Dan Larimer was behind popular and proven projects like Bitshares and Steemit) (-0.5)

Growth Potential

  • A lot of hype (e.g. large Meetup community) (+4)
  • Some DApps have already committed to the platform, and many developers are interested in the platform (e.g. their developer – not general public – Discord channel has nearly 5,000 members as of writing) (+4)

Disposition

  • Hedera Hashgraph promises to pack quite the punch similar to projects like EOS. The hype is definitely there, but can the team deliver?
  • Hedera Hashgraph receives a 6/10.

Investment Details

  • Type: Native – Utility
  • Symbol: Unspecified
  • Platform: Native
  • Crowdsale: Ongoing
  • Minimum Investment: $1,000
  • Price: $0.096 or $0.12
  • Hard Cap: $120m (institutional round and accredited investor round combined)
  • Payments Accepted: BTC and USD (via wire transfer) – can’t mix BTC/USD to pay for one SAFT (but can purchase two SAFTs separately using BTC for one and USD for the other)
  • Restricted from Participating: The SAFT is being offered to accredited investors in 63 countries. (Anyone from a country NOT on the following list is restricted from participating). The countries are: Andorra, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bermuda, Brazil, Virgin Islands (British), Bulgaria, Canada, Cayman Islands, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, El Salvador, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece, Guatemala, Honduras, Hong Kong, Iceland, India, Republic of Ireland, Isle of Man, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Mexico, Moldova, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Panama, Poland, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Romania, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States.

For More Information

Featured image courtesy of Shutterstock. 

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

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