Connect with us

Analysis

Active Fund Managers Underperform Indexes

Published

on

Are active fund managers worth their fees? Not according to a newly-released report from S&P Dow Jones Indices that reports on actively managed fund performance.

Actively managed funds did not fare well against indexes in the last 1-,3-, 5- 10- and 15-year spans, meaning investors are better off sticking with passive funds that track the established indexes and don’t charge hefty management fees.

Barely one third of large-cap managers beat the S&P 500, according to the new report. The news worsened farther down the equity scale: 89.4 percent of mid-cap managers and 85.5 percent of small-cap managers also fell short, respectively.

Active managers manage funds, buying and selling individual stocks. Passive funds, on the other hand, track indexes without actively managing individual stocks. Active funds typically carry much higher fees.

Passive Strategies Gain

Investors have been moving steadily into passive strategies. Exchange-traded funds that mostly track indexes took in record cash inflows during the first quarter of this year for both stocks and bonds. Passive funds in 2016 drew a net $508.4 billion while active funds lost $340.1 billion in outflows, according to Morningstar.

The SPIVA U.S. Scorecard from S&P that reports on active fund performance presents an even weaker long-term outlook.

For the first time, the scorecard tracked 15-year performance to present a “complete market cycle.”

In that 15-year period, 92.2 percent of large-cap managers missed their goals, while the number was 95.4 percent for mid-caps and 93.2 percent for small-caps. More than 58 percent of equity funds in the U.S. folded or merged during the 15-year period.

During the one-year period ending Dec. 31, 2016, 66% of large-cap managers, 89.37% of mid-cap managers, and 85.54% of small-cap managers underperformed the S&P 500, the S&P MidCap 400 and the S&P SmallCap 600, respectively. The figures match the one-year performance figures reported in June 2016, except for large-cap managers, who fared better.

Figures over the five-year period did not change markedly from the SPIVA U.S. Mid-Year 2016 Scorecard. For the five-year period ending Dec. 31, 2016, 88.3% of large-cap managers, 89.95% of midcap managers and 96.57% of small-cap managers underperformed their benchmarks.

Market Conditions Affect Performance

Given that market conditions can affect managers’ performance from year to year, the scorecard added rolling three-year relative performance figures from 2003 through 2016. The figures were calculated on a semiannual basis across domestic and global equity categories

Global markets ended the year on a positive note. International large caps measured by the S&P Global 1200 and emerging markets measured by the S&P/IFCI Composite both rallied to end the year with gains of 8.89% and 10.79%, respectively.

Across all time horizons, most managers of international equities underperformed their benchmarks.

Interest Rate Boosts Performance

In December 2016, the United States Federal Reserve raised the interest rate for the second time in 10 years. Managers investing in intermediate- and short-term credit performed the best for the one-year period, with 19.75% and 26.61% underperforming, respectively. The same trend held through the five-year period. The 10- and 15-year periods proved to be difficult for all credit managers.

The strength in high-yield bonds market delivered a positive spillover effect on the leveraged loan sector.

The S&P/LSTA U.S. Leveraged Loan 100 Index posted a 10.88% year-over-year gain. This outperformance proved difficult for actively managed senior loan funds for the one-year period, however. Nearly 82% of funds underperformed the benchmark.

Trends at mid-year 2016 continued through the year. Spreads narrowed, testing high-yield bond market managers. More than 94% of managers ended the one-year period underperforming the index’s performance of 17.13%.

Other Sources Confirm S&P Tracking

The scorecard is discounted by some because S&P sells index products. However, the findings track measures from other Wall Street sources.

JPMorgan Chase reported active managers have performed well at the start of 2017, but the win rate for large cap managers is only 52%, according to CNBC.

Active managers point out that investors have to know how to assess managers, including market conditions, strategy and performance.

Nick Colas, chief market strategist at Convergex, said it is not certain the current scenario will last indefinitely since markets move in cycles. He said a drop in correlations, the tendency of stocks to move in unison that has characterized the current bull market, will help active managers that can capitalize on pricing discrepancies.

Bob Doll, a senior portfolio manager at Nuveen Asset Management, said market conditions are conducive for managers this year. He sees a likelihood small-cap stocks will outperform this year, that global stocks will outperform the U.S., and that value stocks are leading growth by a wide margin.

Investors Must Screen Managers

Investors have to screen managers for various qualities, said Steve Deschenes, product management and analytics director at Capital Group, which manages more than $1.4 trillion in assets, including American Funds.

Deschenes said lower fees and managers who own the investments they endorse are good signs.

It doesn’t matter if 20% of managers beat the market, he said. It matters if you can identify that 20%.
Performance has differed considerably among different strategies, even though all have fallen short of market benchmarks.

Over the past three years, only 4.4% of large-cap growth managers beat the benchmarks, while 11.4% of large-cap value managers managed to do so. The best performance was for multi-cap value funds over a three-year period, posting a 17.8% win rate.

Investors in all fund categories need to consider their options when choosing actively managed funds given the higher costs of these funds and the likelihood the higher costs will deliver better value.

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

Rate this post:

Important for improving the service. Please add a comment in the comment field below explaining what you rated and why you gave it that rate. Failed Trade Recommendations should not be rated as that is considered a failure either way.
1 vote, average: 5.00 out of 51 vote, average: 5.00 out of 51 vote, average: 5.00 out of 51 vote, average: 5.00 out of 51 vote, average: 5.00 out of 5 (1 votes, average: 5.00 out of 5)
You need to be a registered member to rate this.
Loading...

3.9 stars on average, based on 8 rated postsLester Coleman is a veteran business journalist based in the United States. He has covered the payments industry for several years and is available for writing assignments.




Feedback or Requests?

Click to comment

You must be logged in to post a comment Login

Leave a Reply

Altcoins

Ethereum Price Analysis: ETH/USD Has Big Opportunity to Fly Again

Published

on

 

  • ETH/USD is running at seven consecutive sessions of losses, dropping as much as 25%.
  • Price action is moving within a strong demand area, which could very well see the price rocketing again.

Current Price Action

ETH/USD is stuck within a stubborn downward trend. The price is running at a seven consecutive session losing streak. During this time period, ETH/USD has dropped as much as 25%, falling from $226, down to recent lows of $171.95. This is the biggest weekly loss seen since the bear market back in September.

The price was trading in a consolidation manner; this had been the case after the above-mentioned bear market drop. ETH/USD at the time had dropped as much as 45%, before finally staging a recovery. Since the bounce on 12th September, price action began to form a bearish pennant pattern, which was then firmly broken on 14th November.

ETH/USD daily chart

Buying Opportunity  

At the time of writing, ETH/USD is seen trading deep within a known demand area. Buyers last pilled in and drove the price north, back on 12th September, as detailed above. It had gone on to gain a whopping 50%, following the hammer candlestick reversal confirmation. The demand can be eyed around the $170 territory.

Eyes should be on indications of a reversal, the potential for a signal from a candlestick formation, similarly to the prior mentioned recovery. In terms of the RSI via the daily time frame, ETH/USD is very much in oversold territory. The index seen around the 27 level at the time of writing, which could see the price soon bottoming out.

Upside Targets

Should life be kicked back into the bulls, another retest of the breached pennant pattern would likely be seen. Resistance underneath the pennant should be noted at the psychological $200 mark. The bears firmly ran through this price level on 14th November. Further north, another barrier can be observed at $230 area, a known supply zone.

There has been much debate over the past couple of months, as to whether the cryptocurrency market has hit the bottom. Many believed that this was the case, after the deep September drop. While some were still calling another corrective fall. Once some stabilization from the bulls is seen and recovery picks up momentum, this may be the last of the bears for 2018.

Disclaimer: The author owns bitcoin, Ethereum and other cryptocurrencies. He holds investment positions in the coins, but does not engage in short-term or day-trading.

Featured image courtesy of Shutterstock.

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

Rate this post:

Important for improving the service. Please add a comment in the comment field below explaining what you rated and why you gave it that rate. Failed Trade Recommendations should not be rated as that is considered a failure either way.
0 votes, average: 0.00 out of 50 votes, average: 0.00 out of 50 votes, average: 0.00 out of 50 votes, average: 0.00 out of 50 votes, average: 0.00 out of 5 (0 votes, average: 0.00 out of 5)
You need to be a registered member to rate this.
Loading...

4.5 stars on average, based on 54 rated postsKen has over 8 years exposure to the financial markets. During a large part of his career, he worked as an analyst, covering a variety of asset classes; forex, fixed income, commodities, equities and cryptocurrencies. Ken has gone on to become a regular contributor across several large news and analysis outlets.




Feedback or Requests?

Continue Reading

Analysis

Bitcoin Update: Bull and Bear Scenarios

Published

on

To say that the last two days in crypto have been a bloodbath would be an understatement. Many altcoins have broken critical support areas. Some cryptos even registered new yearly lows. One of those is Bitcoin (BTC/USD).

Bitcoin dropped to as low as $5,188 on Coinbase and lost as much as 20% of its value within 48 hours. The move forced numerous retail traders and long term hodlers to give up their digital assets. It also reinvigorated bears who felt ecstatic that $6,000 support crumbled into pieces. Their renewed confidence gave them the voice to spread fear, uncertainty and doubt (FUD). The chatter of Bitcoin trading at $2,000 – $3,000 has been the noisiest in the last 48 hours.

If you’re an ordinary investor who believes in the revolutionary power of Bitcoin, the amount of FUD out there might shake your beliefs. However, is there a grain of truth in what bears are yapping? In this article, we reveal the possible bull and bear scenarios to prepare you for whatever comes next.

The Bullish Scenario

Bulls have a simple task ahead in the next few days. They just need to take Bitcoin above $5,800 before the week closes to preserve the weekly support. This has the potential to invalidate the descending triangle breakdown and create a bear trap. However, with heavy bearish pressure, this is easier said than done.

With that being said, the key levels to watch in addition to $5,800 are 5,500, 5,300, and 5,190. The line in sand is 4,800. Below that, we’ll very likely experience a full-blown and painful bear winter.

As of this writing, Bitcoin is working really hard to establish support at $5,500. This is a positive signal. It works well with our bullish scenario of an inverse head and shoulders reversal pattern on the 15-minute chart.

BTC bullish scenario

In this scenario, bulls have two great chances to make this work. They can create a bullish higher low setup at $5,500 or at $5,300 to complete the right shoulder.

Another play would be a quick relief rally between $5,600 to $5,700. From there, we would likely experience a heavy volume dump to prices between $4,800 – $5,190. With this scenario, we’ll get a solid double bottom structure in the 15-minute chart where bulls can stage a reversal.  

BTC double bottom

This double bottom scenario is where many hodlers would capitulate and at the same time, it would exhaust many sellers. For this to manifest, however, bulls must show that they’re ready to battle to the bitter end so they can close the week above $5,777. Otherwise, bears will continue to rampage unchecked.

The Bearish Scenario

From a technical perspective, the descending triangle breakout has an ultimate target of $2,800. In addition, Bitcoin has firm weekly and monthly support levels at $3,000. These are the reasons that fuel calls for Bitcoin trading at $3,000.

Bitcoin bear scenario

It’s safe to say that this is not a pretty sight.

For this to happen, Bitcoin must close below $5,800 this week and then retest $5,800 – $6,000 next week. This price action would confirm that $6,000 is now a resistance. Therefore, bears would be able to use all the strength of $6,000 as support and flip it into a heavy resistance area.  

If this happens, there’s a strong possibility of a long and painful Bitcoin bear market that can extend for many months. During this period, the market may range trade between $3,000 – $6,000. This is not the scenario that we’re looking for. However, it is always better to prepare for such possibilities.

Bottom Line

Richard Wyckoff said: “The more compact the trading range is, the more likely the stock is under control by professionals, and the greater the possibility for the swift explosive move upward following a spring or a shakeout…watch for them”. This is why we remain bullish in Bitcoin despite the massive dump. After the compact trading range in the last few months, we believe that this is the spring or the shakeout before the explosive move upward.

At this point, we are rooting for the bull scenarios mentioned above but we’re also seriously considering the bearish case. In short, we’re hoping for the best but also preparing for the worst.

 

Featured image courtesy of Shutterstock.

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

Rate this post:

Important for improving the service. Please add a comment in the comment field below explaining what you rated and why you gave it that rate. Failed Trade Recommendations should not be rated as that is considered a failure either way.
3 votes, average: 4.67 out of 53 votes, average: 4.67 out of 53 votes, average: 4.67 out of 53 votes, average: 4.67 out of 53 votes, average: 4.67 out of 5 (3 votes, average: 4.67 out of 5)
You need to be a registered member to rate this.
Loading...

3.7 stars on average, based on 271 rated postsKiril is a CFA Charterholder and financial professional with 5+ years of experience in financial writing, analysis and product ownership. He has passed all three CFA exams on first attempt and has a bachelor's degree with a specialty in finance. Kiril’s current focus is on cryptocurrencies and ETFs, as he does his own crypto research and is the subject matter expert at ETFdb.com. He also has his personal website, InvestorAcademy.org where he teaches people about the basics of investing. His ultimate goal is to help people with limited knowledge of finance and investments to create investment portfolios easily, and in line with their unique circumstances.




Feedback or Requests?

Continue Reading

Analysis

Pre-Market Analysis And Chartbook: Dollar Dips on Dovish Powell as Brexit Deal Still in Question

Published

on

Friday Market Snapshot

Asset Current Value Daily Change
S&P 500 2,711 -0.83%
DAX 30 11,265 -0.78%
WTI Crude Oil 57.59 1.80%
GOLD 1,221 0.66%
Bitcoin 5,555 -0.53%
EUR/USD 1.1380 0.50%

Today is shaping up to be another wild ride in financial markets after the recent volatile sessions, with currencies, bonds, and equities all experiencing heavy trading. The Brexit process, the confusion regarding the US trade tariffs, and the broad bearish technical shift in risk assets are all contributing to the wild moves, and Fed Chair Jerome Powell also increased uncertainty yesterday.

The central banker hinted on possible pause in the Fed’s tightening cycle next year, citing increased economic headwinds following the open attacks form President Trump regarding the “tight” policies of the bank.

As Mario Draghi confirmed the ECB’s quantitative tightening plans as well, the Greenback lost ground compared to most of its peers, even as the main European currencies continue to be under pressure due to the Brexit chaos.

EUR/GBP, 4-Hour Chart Analysis

The Euro and the Pound, which are trading near their yearly lows compared to the Dollar, are stuck in a very volatile broad trading range against each other. The EUR/GBP pair topped out just above 0.90 this year, and although since the August high it drifted back to 0.86, the Pound remains weak from a long-term perspective.

A no-deal Brexit could hurt the British currency more and even a push above the decade-long high near 0.93 could be ahead. Short-term, we expect volatility to remain high in the pair, and in forex markets in general, and a move out of the range could happen soon.

USD/JPY, 4-Hour Chart Analysis

Another possibly important move started in the USD/JPY pair and in gold in recent days, as the broad risk-off shift helped the Yen, with safe-haven flows favoring the currency and the precious metal again.

Following Powell’s dovish words, the pair could be ready to test the 112 level again, especially should the major stock indices continue lower in the coming week. Below 112, the 111.40 and the 110.70 levels provide support, while strong resistance is ahead near 113.70 and 114.50.

Another Selloff in Stocks as Bearish Pressures Mount

Global stock markets are lower today, despite yesterday’s reversal and late-day rally on Wall Street, which was sparked by renewed trade optimism, following rumors on a possible halt of the US tariffs on Chinese goods.

The rumors were quickly denied, but there is more and more evidence that the Trump administration might be changing its aggressive strategy, while China also seems more flexible in light of the economic slowdown and the turmoil in Chinese assets.

FTSE 100 Index CFD, 4-Hour Chart Analysis

The Brexit chaos is also weighing on equities in Europe and across the globe, with British assets clearly being under pressure, despite the rally attempts on the positive headlines regarding the draft withdrawal plan.

For now, the fate of the plans is still highly uncertain, despite the progress made by Theresa May. The hawkish words of Draghi also added to the bearish pressures today, as the Eurozone CPI was in line with expectations.

Nasdaq 100 Futures, 4-Hour Chart Analysis

The major US indices all opened lower today, despite the continued decline in Treasury yields, with clear weakness in the tech sector and small-caps. Industrial Production missed the consensus estimate in October, with a monthly growth of only 0.1%, and the previous reading was also revised lower.

The key benchmarks are not far above the October lows, the recent rally attempts all failed, so given the bearish global technical picture, conditions in equity markets remain hostile for bulls.

ChartBook

Major Stock Indices

S&P 500 Futures, 4-Hour Chart Analysis

Dow 30 Futures, 4-Hour Chart Analysis

VIX (US Volatility Index), 4-Hour Chart Analysis

DAX 30 Index CFD, 4-Hour Chart Analysis

EuroStoxx50 Index CFD, 4-Hour Chart Analysis

Nikkei 225 Futures, 4-Hour Chart Analysis

Shanghai Composite Index CFD, 4-Hour Chart Analysis

EEM (Emerging Markets ETF), 4-Hour Chart Analysis

Forex

EUR/USD, 4-Hour Chart Analysis

GBP/USD, 4-Hour Chart Analysis

AUD/USD, 4-Hour Chart Analysis

Commodities

WTI Crude Oil, 4-Hour Chart Analysis

Gold Futures, 4-Hour Chart Analysis

Copper Futures, 4-Hour Chart Analysis

Featured image from Shutterstock

Important: Never invest (trade with) money you can't afford to comfortably lose. Always do your own research and due diligence before placing a trade. Read our Terms & Conditions here. Trade recommendations and analysis are written by our analysts which might have different opinions. Read my 6 Golden Steps to Financial Freedom here. Best regards, Jonas Borchgrevink.

Rate this post:

Important for improving the service. Please add a comment in the comment field below explaining what you rated and why you gave it that rate. Failed Trade Recommendations should not be rated as that is considered a failure either way.
0 votes, average: 0.00 out of 50 votes, average: 0.00 out of 50 votes, average: 0.00 out of 50 votes, average: 0.00 out of 50 votes, average: 0.00 out of 5 (0 votes, average: 0.00 out of 5)
You need to be a registered member to rate this.
Loading...

4.7 stars on average, based on 396 rated postsTrader and financial analyst, with 10 years of experience in the field. An expert in technical analysis and risk management, but also an avid practitioner of value investment and passive strategies, with a passion towards anything that is connected to the market.




Feedback or Requests?

Continue Reading

Recent Posts

A part of CCN

Hacked.com is Neutral and Unbiased

Hacked.com and its team members have pledged to reject any form of advertisement or sponsorships from 3rd parties. We will always be neutral and we strive towards a fully unbiased view on all topics. Whenever an author has a conflicting interest, that should be clearly stated in the post itself with a disclaimer. If you suspect that one of our team members are biased, please notify me immediately at jonas.borchgrevink(at)hacked.com.

Trending